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1.0 ABOUT THE PROGRAMME

1.1 NAME OF THE PROGRAMME: B.Sc. Environmental Health Science

1.2 CODE OF THE PROGRAMME: 8203

1.3 DESCRIPTION OF THE PROGRAMME

Environmental Health is a breach of public health that is concerned with the theory and practice of assessing and controlling factors in the environment that can potentially affect health. Environmental health includes both the direct pathological effects of chemicals, radiation and some biological agents, and the effects (often indirect) on health and wellbeing.

The programme is designed to provide the training needed for an understanding of the environment, health and safety to build upon the foundation by exploring in some depths, specific aspect like epidemiology, workplace safety, hazardous and municipal waste management, impact of science and technology on the environment.

2.0 PHILOSOPHY, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME

2.1 Philosophy

The philosophy of the programme is in the training of personnel to the highest academic and professional standards in the identification and resolution of environmental health and safety issues. The programme will provide higher capacity skilled manpower, trained specifically for promoting health and preventing illness through applying scientific skills to solving real life problems and better management of environmental hazards through the open and distance learning mode.

2.2. Vision
To promote quality Environmental Health Education in line with Nigeria Core Values through excellence in Learning and Teaching, Research and Community Engagement.

2.3 Mission Statement

To train competent Environmental Health Professionals for the needs of the nation and in particular for the rural majority and urban disadvantaged in accordance with the Global and National Health Plan.

2.4. Justification

A reciprocal relationship exists between man and his total environment, which is a part of ecosystem. The goal of Environmental Health services is to modify human Environment towards the maintenance and promotion of Health and prevention of communicable and non- communicable diseases.

The growing concern about environmental pollution/contamination and degradation at the local, regional and global levels has increased the demand for a reliable information database on the impact of such pollution, and their consequences for natural environment.

Proper environmental control is therefore important. To achieve this, there is need for the training and re-training of committed professionals to take up the challenges of environmental degradation resulting from anthropogenic activities and natural factors.  It is in the light of the above, that this programme is being introduced to train, retrain and produce graduates with broad scientific and professional knowledge that is based on sound understanding of Environmental health  practice as well as to ensure effective qualitative health service delivery.

 

3.0 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The overall objective of the Bachelor of Environmental Health Science Degree Programme is to impart relevant knowledge and skills needed for promotion and sustenance of the health and safety of man in his environment. The specific objectives include:

  1. To impart and generate knowledge that pertains to effective recognition and response to environmental health problems.
  2. To acquaint the students with the knowledge of prevailing communicable disease, their mode of transmission and methods of controlling the biological and physical environment so as to prevent them.
  3. To impart the basic knowledge of physical, sociological and biological theories, concepts and principles and application of these in the practice of environmental health.
  4. To impart skills and relevant methods used in identification, diagnosis and management of environmental health hazards.
  5. To impart on the students attitude of team work, leadership and scientific enquiry in relation to every aspect of his professional activities.
  6. To equip students with relevant knowledge and skill for advanced training and research in environmental health.

 

 

3.1. LEARNING OUTCOMES:

It is expected that at the end of the programme, an environmental health graduate should have acquired the following:

 

i). Regime of Subject Knowledge, to:

    1. Describe and apply the scientific principles in the identification, analysis and proffering solutions to Environmental health challenges/problems.
    2. Identify and apply communication and group dynamic processes necessary to effect behavioural changes in man.
    3. Describe, plan and implement appropriate environmental health programmes aimed at solving identified environmental health problems.
    4. Describe the basic knowledge of physical, sociological and biological theories, concepts and principles and apply them in the practice of environmental health.
    5. Describe in detail any prevailing/endemic disease in the country, its mode of transmission, seasonal trends and methods of control.
    6. Apply knowledge of Public and Environmental Health Laws of the country to effect compliance to environmental standards.

 

 

ii.     Competencies and Skills:

1.       To perform accurately, standard laboratory tests employ dim the monitoring of environmental media.

2.       To design satisfactory graphic presentation of various environmental health science infrastructures e.g. water treatment plant, sewage disposal and treatment plants etc.

3.     To be able to design management strategy for disease control

iii.    Behavioral Attribute:

1.       That places premium on team work, accepting and performing leadership and followership role with equal effectiveness.

2.       Of pride in the contribution of his profession to the health of the nation and hence continually seek self-education and improved effectiveness.

3.       Of scientific enquiry in relation to every aspect of his professional activity, never taking anything for granted nor prematurely jumping to conclusions.

4.     To manage resources adequately and perform required administrative functions.

 

3.2   Practical Skills

The graduates of the programme shall be able to carry out:

  • organize a communicable disease campaign and surveillance;
  • interview, counsel and work with clients in the clinics and homes;
  • manage the resources (material and human and keep appropriate and accurate records;
  • perform Laboratory procedures appropriately as directed for water, soil and specimen analysis;
  • identify environmental health hazards in the community and take appropriate action access the nutrition states or individual, community and establish appropriate actions;
  • recognize emergency conditions and initiate immediate actions  through the appropriate referral system;
  • identify the main occupational hazards in the work place and in the community and initiate appropriate actions;
  • identify problems relating to the aged and the handicapped and refer as appropriate;
  • assess the health of a child with respect to growth, development, nutrition and immunization status and take appropriate action;

 

3.3 Attainment Levels

It is essential that the procedure used for students’ assessment should correspond to the knowledge, abilities and skills that are to be developed through their degree programme. These should be based on:

- Formal examinations

- Laboratory, Clinical or Field reports/records

- Problem-solving exercises

- Oral presentations

- Planning, conduct and reporting of project work and researches.

 

5.0. INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS OF DELIVERY

This method of instruction is by the distance learning mode which involves the use of a range of media to bridge the ‘distance’ between the facilitators and the students. Print is the major medium of instruction for this programme. Each course has a study material developed and written specifically for it, and which students are expected to study prior to their being examined. A course guide is also provided to give the students an overview of the course.

 

6.0. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

6.1. GENERAL ADMISSION REQUIREMENT FOR BS.C ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE

 

Admission Requirement

Candidates may be considered for admission to 200 level B.Sc. EHS Degree course provided they have the following qualifications:

 

  1. At least five (5) credit passes at not more than two sittings at the Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSCE/NECO/GCE/NABTEB) examinations in the following subject:

English Language -          

Mathematics,

Chemistry

Physics/Agric Science/Geography

Biology/Health Science

  1. In addition to the above (a) prospective candidates are required to possess qualifications in science related disciplines.

 

  1. Ordinary National Diploma (OND) with Upper Credit in relevant science courses:
  2. National Certificate Education (NCE) with Merit in relevant science courses
  3. Diploma in Public Health Superintendent (WAHEB) 1982-1998 minimum of pass.
  4. Higher National Diploma (HND) with at Least Upper Credit in any science course.
  5. Registered Nurse Certificate/B.Sc. Nursing.

 

Kindly note that there is no admission into 100 and 300 levels; Admission is only at 200 Level.

 

 

7. 0 GRADUATION REQUIREMENT

 

The following conditions are required to graduate from the B.Sc. in Environmental Health Science programme:

7.1 Years/ Semester Required:

The candidate must have spent a minimum of 4 years (or 8 semesters) from entry (from 200 Level).

 

7.2 Credit Units:

Candidates that entered the programme must have a minimum of 120 credit units to graduate.

 

7.3 Compulsory (Core Courses):

The candidates must pass all compulsory (core) courses as listed in the outlined programme proposal (OPP) to graduate:

 

 

8.0. PROGRAMME STRUCTURE AND DEGREE RULES

8.1. Duration of the Programme

Duration of the programme shall be in line with existing National University’s Commission (NUC) policy for the first degree programme in Nigerian Universities. The programme being a professional based career is designed for 4 years.

8.2. Degree Rule

A student must accumulate a minimum of 120 credit units.

8.3 Mode and Weighting of Examinations

 (i) Assessment in each of the courses shall comprise both course work and end of semester /session examination

(ii) The total of 100% for all courses shall be made up as follows:

            Continuous Assessment (TMA/CMA)        -           30%

            End of Course Examination                         -           70%                100%

8.4 Award of Degree

The Degree Examinations shall be taken in three of four parts depending on the mode of admission. The degree shall be awarded to candidates who have complied with the general regulations of the University and the additional requirements of the BSc. Environmental Health Degree Programme. The following grades of degree will be applied to the result as:

KEY: GRADE (UNDERGRADUATE)

KEY: CGPA

 

70% AND ABOVE

A

FIRST CLASS

5.00  -  4.5

60%  -  69%

B

SECOND CLASS (UPPER DIVISION)

4.49  -  3.50

50%  -  59%

C

SECOND CLASS (LOWER DIVISION)

3.49  -  2.40

45%  -  49%

D

THIRD CLASS

2.39  -  1.5

40%  -  44%

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.5. Examination Regulations

In addition to the regular University Regulations the following shall apply to the BSc. Environmental Health Degree Programme.

 

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)

(*Minimum requirement as specified by the Programme (NUC guidelines)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. OUTLINE OF COURSE STRUCTURE

200 LEVEL               -           FIRST SEMESTER

 

S/NO.

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNIT

STATUS

1

EHS201

General Microbiology

2

C

2

EHS213

General Microbiology Practical

1

C

3

EHS207

General Biochemistry

3

C

4

EHS209

General Biochemistry Practical

1

C

5

GST101

Use of English and Communication Skills I

2

C

6

GST103

Computer Fundamental

2

C

7

GST107

A Study Guide for the Distance Learner

2

C

8

GST201

Nigerian Peoples and Culture

2

C

9

GST203

Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

2

C

10

NSC205

Human Anatomy I

3

C

11

NSC203

Human Physiology I

4

C

 

 

                                 Total Credit Units

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

200 LEVEL               -           SECOND SEMESTER

 

S/NO.

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNIT

STATUS

1

EHS204

Introduction to Environmental Health

2

C

2

EHS210

Biodiversity and Climate Change

2

C

3

EHS205

Climate Change & Contemporary Issues

2

C

4

EHS203

Hygiene Education and Promotion

2

C

5

EHS202

Introduction to Ecology and Environmental Sciences

2

C

6

GST102

Use of English and Communication Skills II

2

C

7

GST104

Use of Library

2

C

8

GST202

Fundamental of Peace and Conflict Resolution

2

C

9

PHS210

Introduction to Biostatistics

3

C

10

PHS202

Nutrition in Health and Disease

3

C

 

 

                                   Total Credit Units                           

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

300 LEVEL               -           FIRST SEMESTER

 

S/NO.

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNIT

STATUS

1

EHS315

International Port Health Services

2

C

2

EHS301

Basic Instrumentation and Use

2

C

3

EHS303

General Parasitology

2

C

4

EHS305

General Entomology

2

C

5

EHS311

Introduction Environmental Management

2

C

6

EHS313

Environmental Health Information System

2

C

7

EHS321

Health Safety & Environment

2

C

8

EHS319

Introduction to Demography

2

C

9

EHS317

Solid Waste Management

2

C

10

NSC307

Clinical Pharmacology and Chemotherapy

3

C

11

NSC303

Concepts and Strategies in Public Community Health

3

C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                          Total Credit Units

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

300 LEVEL               -           SECOND SEMESTER

 

S/NO.

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNIT

STATUS

1

EHS302

General Pathology

3

C

2

EHS304

Food Hygiene and Safety

2

C

3

EHS306

Sanitary Inspection of Premises

2

C

4

EHS308

Environmental Biotechnology

3

C

5

EHS310

Control of Communicable and non-communicable Diseases

2

C

6

EHS312

Housing and Building Construction

2

C

7

EHS314

Environmental Health Services in Emergency Situation

2

C

8

EHS320

Environmental Health Economics

2

E

9

EHS316

Immunology and Immunization

2

C

10

EHS318

Water Resources Management

2

C

11

PHS318

Principle of Epidemiology

2

C

 

       

 

 

                                      Total Credit Units

24

 

 

 

 

400 LEVEL               -           FIRST SEMESTER

 

S/NO.

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNIT

STATUS

1

EHS411

Environmental Toxicology

3

C

2

EHS403

Environmental Health Laboratory

3

C

3

EHS409

Sewage and Waste Water Management

2

C

4

EHS405

Environmental Health Administration

2

C

5

EHS419

Sanitary Engineering

2

C

6

EHS401

Meat Inspection and Abattoir/Slaughter Slab Management

2

C

7

EHS413

Urban Planning and Sustainable Development

2

C

8

EHS415

Public Utilities and Environmental Health Issues

2

C

9

EHS417

Environmental Health Planning

2

C

10

NSC411

Research Method

3

C

         

 

 

                                       Total Credit Units

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

400 LEVEL               -           SECOND SEMESTER

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

STATUS

EHS402

Industrial attachment (SIWES)

6

C

 

                                    Total Credit Units

6

 

Log book shall carry not less than 25% overall industrial attachment score

The Second Semester of the 4th Year should be used for Industrial Attachment for the students in order to expose them to Environmental Health facilities in rural and urban settings. They are required to visit Environmental Health firms, industries and laboratories to enable them acquire the skills in Environmental Health Sciences. Each student must keep and present log book for assessment at the end of his/her industrial attachment. Log book shall carry not less than 25% of overall industrial attachment score.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

500 LEVEL               -           FIRST SEMESTER

S/NO.

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNIT

STATUS

1

EHS501

Seminar

2

C

2

EHS505

Environmental Epidemiology

2

C

3

PHS511

Applied Epidemiology (communicable and non-communicable diseases)

3

C

4

EHS509

Environmental Health Ethics, Regulations Policies and Laws

2

C

5

EHS507

Environmental Health Lab Practice

2

C

6

EHS503

Water/Air Quality Management

2

C

7

EHS513

Industrial Hygiene and Safety

2

C

8

EHS517

Biometeorology

 2

 

9

EHS515

Pollution Control

2

C

 

 

                                         Total Credit Units

19

 

 

NOTE:

Students who want to be registered and professionally certified by the Council to practice as Environmental Health Officers are advice to register with the Environmental Health Officers Registration Council of Nigeria (EHORECON).  

 

 

 

 

 

 

500 LEVEL               -           SECOND SEMESTER

S/NO.

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

CREDIT UNIT

STATUS

1

EHS502

Research Project

5

C

2

EHS504

Occupational Health and Safety

2

C

3

EHS510

Monitoring and Evaluation in Environmental Health

1

C

4

EHS514

Pest Management Methods and Control 

2

C

5

EHS512

Emergency Medical Care

2

C

6

EHS520

Biomedical and Special Waste

2

C

7

EHS518

Community Sanitation 

2

C

8

EHS508

Health Psychology and Sociology

2

C

9

ESM342

Environmental Impact Assessment and Auditing

3

C

10

PHS524

Health Education and Promotion

3

C

         
   

Total Credit Units

24

 
         

7.0 SUMMARY OF DISTRIBUTION OF COURSE CREDIT AT ALL LEVELS

Summary of courses unit by level

Level

Credit units

200

46

300

47

400

31

500

43

Total

167 UNITS

 

 

10.0 COURSE CONTENT SPECIFICATION / SYLLABUS OF ALL COURSES IN THE PROGRAMME

 

COURSE DESCRIPTION

200 LEVEL                FIRST SEMESTER

GST101: Use of English and Communication Skills I                                          (2 Units C)

Listening Enabling Skills, Listening and Comprehending, Note taking, Information Retrieval including Data, Figures, Diagrams and Charts. Listening for Main Idea, Interpretation and Critical Evaluation. Effective Reading, Skimming and Scanning, Reading and Comprehending at Varying Speed Levels, Reading for Vocabulary Development in Various Academic Contexts. Reading Diverse Texts; Narratives and Expository Texts. Reading and Comprehending Passages with Tables, Scientific Texts, Reading for Interpretation and Critical Evaluation.

 

GST103:         Computer Fundamentals                                                                 (2 Units C)

Basics of computer and computer system, Word Processing, Spreadsheet, Graphics, Storage Devices, Computer Network and Internet, Network Devices, Basic Internet Securities, Basic programming.

 

GST107: A Study Guide for the Distance Learner                                               (2 Units C)

Introduction to the Open and Distance Learning (ODL) System: History of the Open and Distance Learning System, Characteristics of the Open and Distance Learning System, &Teaching and Learning in the Open and Distance Learning System.  Study Skills for the Distance Learner:  Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, &Study Strategies.  Assessment and Evaluation Modes in Open and Distance Learning (ODL):  Overview of Assessment in ODL, Instructional-Based Assessment Modes, Semester Examination, &Assessment of Non-Examinable Courses.  Learners’ Support Services:  Definition and Purposes of Learners’ Support Services, Types of Learners’ Support Services, Sources of Learners’ Support Services, &Benefits of Learners’ Support Services.

 

 

 

 

GST201: Nigerian Peoples and Culture                                                                 (2 Units C)

Study of Nigerian history, culture and arts in pre-colonial times, Nigerian’s perception of his world, Culture areas of Nigeria and their characteristics, Evolution of Nigeria as a political unit, Indigene/settler phenomenon, Concepts of trade, Economics of self-reliance, Social justice, Individual and national development, Norms and values, Negative attributes and conducts (cultism and related vices), Re-orientation of moral and national values, Moral obligations of citizens, Environmental problems.

Gst203: Introduction to Philosophy and Logic                                                      (2 Units C)

An Overview of Philosophy:  Definition and Scope of Philosophy; Methods of Philosophy; Branches of Philosophy; Philosophy and other Disciplines Contents; The Usefulness of Philosophy; Sources of Knowledge and Criteria for Knowing.  History and Development of Philosophy:  The Ancient Age of Philosophy; Medieval and Renaissance Age of Philosophy; Modern Period of Philosophy; Philosophical Movements in The Contemporary Period; The Idea of African Philosophy.  Logic:  Definition and Scope of Logic; Logic’s Vocabulary I; Logic’s Vocabulary II; Valid, Invalid, Deductive and Inductive Arguments; Language and Its Functions.  Fallacies and Definitions:  Fallacies (Part One); Fallacies (Part Two); Definitions (Part One); Definitions (Part Two); Categorical Propositions Contents. Argument Forms and Law of Thought:  Argument Forms; Laws of Thought.

 

EHS201: General Microbiology                                                                              (2 Units C)

Historical aspects, scope of microbiology, general characteristics of microorganisms, growth and reproduction of microorganisms; sterilization and disinfection; brief survey of microbes as friends and foes.  Systematic classification of bacteria fungi, viruses, etc.  Microbial variation and heredity; biological and biochemical reactions of microorganisms; cycles of elements in nature; Nitrogen fixation.

 

EHS213: General Microbiology Practical                                                              (1 Unit C)

Students should acquaint themselves with the microbial techniques involving the use of instrumentation, isolation and identification of microbes in different environmental media.

 

 

 

 

EHS207: General Biochemistry                                                                              (3 Units C)

Review of general bio chemistry; Chemical elements and the periodic table; electronic configuration; electronic orbital; valence of atoms; types of chemical bonds; metals and non- metals; acids and bases; Lew is conception; Carbon, sp3hybridization; the tetrahedron and covalent bonding; functional groups; water and its special properties. Introduction of the cell and hierarchy for organization of living things: macromolecules, organelles, cells, Metabolism, Enzymes, Hormones, Biochemical degradations, Detoxification, Biochemical

 

EHS209: General Biochemistry Practical                                                              (1 Units C)

Students should acquaint themselves with the biochemistry I techniques involving the use of instrumentation in analysis in different environmental media.

 

NSC 205: Human Anatomy I                                                                                   (3 UNITS C)  

It shall cover anatomical terminologies, general body organization including cell structure, structure of membranes, body tissue and organs, and body defense. Definitions and terminologies in embryology, and developmental biology, cell division, gametogenesis, events leading to fertilization, cleavage, implantation and formation of germ layers shall be covered. Placenta formation and functions shall also be covered. It shall also cover the gross anatomy of the muscles, bones tendons, ligaments and joints of the body. It shall also cover the histology of bones, muscles and joints. Types and classification of muscles and joints as well as developmental processes in bones shall be included

 

NSC 203: Human Physiology I                                                                                (4 Units C)

This course covers the introductory aspects of physiology, the function of the cell and its components, organization of the cells to form tissues, organs and the complex systems that constitute the human body. It also covers the functional anatomy of the integumentary system and how it helps in the various movements that control body functions. The course also covers the physiology of the different classes of the body fluid compartments and the functions of the cardiovascular system in controlling their volumes and composition. Relevant practical sessions for a thorough understanding of the various systems, and their usefulness in nursing practice are also covered by the course.

 

200 LEVEL               SECOND SEMESTER

GST102          Use of English and Communication Skills                                     (2 Units C)

Writing Paragraphs; Topic Sentence and Coherence, Development of Paragraphs; Illustration, Description, Cause and Effect, Definitions. Formal Letters; Stylistic Forms, Essential Parts, Complaints and Requests, Letters about Jobs, Ordering Goods, Letters to Government and Other Organizations. Writing Reports; Reporting Events and Experiments. Writing Summaries; Techniques of Summarizing. Letters and Sounds in English, Vowels and Consonants, Interviews, Seminar Presentation, Public Speech Making, Articles, Concord and Sentences, Tenses, Gerunds and Participles, Active, Passive and the Infinitive, Modal Auxiliaries.

 

GST104: Use of Library                                                                                           (2 Units C)

Types of Library and Services:  Types of Library: Library Services.  Research Techniques:  Information Sources; Literature Review; Databases Contents; Open Educational Resources.  Organization of Library Materials:  Library Catalogues; Classification of Library Materials.  ICT Use in the Library:  Digital Libraries; Computer Based Literature Search.  Good Reading Habit/Study Skills:  Basic Study Techniques / Methods; Study Habits; Handling Examinations.  Copy Right; Plagiarism and Referencing: Copyright Laws; Plagiarism and Its Implications; Citation and Referencing; APA In-text citing and Referencing. 

 

GST202: Fundamentals of Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution                     (2 Units C)

Basic Concepts in peace studies and conflict resolution, peace as a vehicle of unity and development, Conflict issues, Types of conflicts, e.g.  Ethnic/religious/political/economic conflicts, Root causes of conflicts and violence in Africa, Indigene/settler phenomenon, Peace – building, Management of conflict and security. Elements of peace studies and conflict resolution, Developing a culture of peace, Peace mediation and peace-keeping, Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), Dialogue/arbitration in conflict resolution, Role of international organizations in conflict resolution, e.g. ECOWAS, African Union, United Nations, etc.

 

EHS202: Introduction to Ecology and Environmental                                         (2 Unit C)

Introduction to principles of ecology, nature of our environment, atmosphere, chemical, physical and biology factors in the environment, biochemical cycles (carbon cycle, Nitrogen cycle Hydrological cycle), Basic environmental concepts and theories, microbial and parasite ecology, population ecology, food chain and web, energy flow through the biosphere, biotic communities and ecology, food chain and web, energy flow through the biosphere, biotic communities and ecological succession, relationships and interdependence of organisms, human ecology etc.

 

EHS204: Introduction to Environmental Health                                                  (2 Units C)

Concept of environmental Health, components of Environmental Health, Roles of Environmental Health in disease prevention and control, qualities of an environmental health professional; environmental health practice in the implementation, regulation and enforcement of environmental health functions at different settings (home, schools, market places, recreational and hospitality facility, workplaces, industries; development projects etc). Tools of environmental health practice, methods of assessment environmental health practice, skills of environmental health practitioners, role of environmental health officers and regulators. Ethics in environmental health practice. Inter and intra sectoral collaboration in environmental health practice.   

 

EHS210: Biodiversity and Climate Change                                                           (2 Unit C)

Introduction to the concept and methods of biodiversity, involving distribution and abundance of organisms in time and space; factors of the environment influencing such distribution and abundance; the role of climate and animal extinction should be emphasized in relation to biological sustainability and animal survival.

 

EHS205: Climate Change and Contemporary Issues                                           (2 Units C)

Definition climate change and the climate system, the nature of climate change-greenhouse, climate change: Causes, indicators, impacts and ways to reduce global warning. Define solar ultraviolet radiation, causes, effects on human and animal health, the effect on aquatic organisms, the effect on air quality, effects on materials and structures, photo degradation, microbial diversity, microbial decomposition. Ozone and ozone layer, health risk associated with the ozone layer: the absorption of solar energy, hazards to humans, the effects on the eye, effects on immune system, effects on the skin. Ozone depletion, risk assessment of Ozone depletion: quantitative assessment, cataract, sunburn, skin cancer, other opportunistic infections, mitigation with replacement of chlorofluorocarbons.

 

EHS203: Hygiene Education and Promotion                                                        (2 Unit C)

Concepts and theories in Health Promotion, principles, methods and strategies, community mobilization, information, Education and Communication in Environmental Health, Comparative assessment. Technologies for Information-Education-communication in Environmental Health (I.E.C.). Sanitation through participatory approach; promoting sanitation through children (Child to Child Approach) , Life-Skill based hygiene education, Improving and assessing sanitation in communities and schools; PHAST Initiatives, Using advocacy, social Mobilization and programme commutation to promote sanitation in selected communities. Social marketing for sanitation programmes, private-sector involvement or partnership in promoting sanitation; planning; Principles of sanitation in Emergency situations; case studies in community sanitation.

 

PHS 202 Nutrition in Health and Diseases                                                             (3 Units C)

The course discusses the historical perspective of nutrition as a science. It presents the classification of food, the nutritional values of food and its effect on health. Other components of the course include food purchasing, presentation, preparation, relationship between digestion and absorption of food, nutritional quality of local foods and diets, selection and formulation of balanced and weaning diets, use of food composition tables, nutrient requirements and recommended daily calorie requirements. The course also discusses food in relation to the life cycle; use of diet in the management of acute and chronic illnesses and other life cycle changes. Learners would have practical demonstration in preparation of locally available food items to meet specified clients’ need in order ensure that students are equipped with knowledge and skills needed for instituting dietary therapy and providing well-balanced diets to clients and patients

 

PHS210: Introduction to Biostatistics                                                                    (3 Units C)

This course is planned to equip students with the necessary tools and skills for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data quantitatively. Topics to be covered include: the central role of statistics in health sciences disciplines, data description, elements of probability, description of random variables, applications of the binomial and normal distributions, estimation of confidence intervals, contingency tables, regression and variance analysis, study design and hypothesis testing. For practical purposes, students are provided with specific data to work on, and are required to develop simple questionnaire protocols for analysis.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

300 LEVEL               FIRST SEMESTER

 

EHS315:         International Port Health Services                                                 (2 Units C)

Cross-boundary port health services (function of environmental health OFFICERS on land, air, and sea port), International organizations and agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).Constitutions, conventions, treaties, international regulations and agreements. Roles of international organizations in port health. International collaboration and cooperation in port health.

 

EHS301: Basic Instrumentation and Use                                                            (2 units C)

Introduction to Environmental Health Laboratory, principles and use of basic special instrument in environmental health- spectrophotometer, pH meter, microscope, air oven, incubator, centrifuge, plume imaging, optical air monitoring, air sampling sample collection, 2B technologies Ozone Monitor, Nitrogen dioxide monitor Z01400, TPI Carbon Monoxide analyzer, atmospheric/barometric pressure, barometer, meteorological ball on and preservation and registration, new tech techniques, procedure and precautions for analytical methods in environmental health, Exposure of students to practical and the following theoretical details

 

EHS303: General Parasitology                                                                    (2 Unit C)

Introduction to major human parasites of public health relevance, Phylogeny of parasites physiology, host parasite relationship; evasive mechanism; life-cycle pattern and host specificity, parasite ecology; infection and infestations Pathology, pathogenesis and Symptomology of  parasitic disease e.g. malaria, amobiasis, schistomiasis, onchocerchiasis, etc. screening and Diagnosis of endemic parasitic diseases; Strategies in parasitic diseases control; Emerging and re-emerging parasitic diseases; Chemotherapy and Chemoprophylaix, Drug resistance etc. prevention and Control of parasitic infections.

 

EHS305: General Entomology                                                                                (2 Unit C)

Introduction to Entomology; Classification and characteristics of insects with particular reference to vectors of diseases. Insect ecology, Insect Anatomy and physiology, Environment and entomology. Methods of insect control, Biological, chemical and physical, pest control (integrated pest managemtn) Insecticides; classification, formulation and application of insecticides. Health implication; handling and safety methods, insect sterilization techniques. International conventions and national policies on pesticides use.

 

EHS311: Introduction to Environmental Management                                        (2 Unit C)

Definition and concept. Characteristics of different environmental media (air, water, soil), Environmental approach to air, water and land pollution. Environmental, effects of technological advances, radiation noise, pollution of the biosphere. Occupational hygiene, Mycotoxins and nitro-compounds in the environment. Environmental degradation; methods of environmental assessment e.g. remote sensing and GIS, EIA, HIA. Tools for Air, water and soil analyses. Management of degraded environment, re-forestation, erosion control, integrated vector management, integrated waste management, pollution control, international measures to control global warning and climate change remediation meteorology.

 

EHS313: Environmental Health Information Systems (EHIS)                            (2 Unit C)

Concepts, procedure and structure. Study of contemporary Environmental and health information systems especially as used in morbidity surveys, disease surveillance systems, disease registers, etc. Also includes introduction to computer simulation techniques and life-table techniques. Medical and health data base management; intranet, internet and extranet applications; e-library; geo-informatics information globalization and teleconferencing.

 

EHS321: Health Safety and Environmental                                                          (2 Unit C)

Definitions, concepts/scope, Types of emergencies and services required. Structure, roles and collaboration of agencies. Resources mobilization, allocation and management. Roles of Environmental Health Officers in emergency situations. Forecasting preparedness and response.

 

EHS319: Introduction to Demography                                                                  (2 Unit C)

Introduction to the principles and methods of demography. Sources of population data; population dynamics and health implications, population structure and population movement. Census: types, methods, principles and practice. Applications of census data. Population and data and the planning of social services. Demographic transitions and health/disease patterns and services. Indices of population, health and development, life table techniques and interpretation of related indices.

 

 

 

EHS317: Solid Waste Management                                                                        (2 Units C)

Basic concepts, nature and classification of solid waste. Theory of solid waste collection, handling and disposal. Field and laboratory sampling and monitoring of solid wastes. Analysis of municipal, industrial, hazardous solid wastes. Waste management technologies. Waste management hierarchy-minimization, recycling, waste to wealth concept etc. solid waste and human health etc.

 

NSC307: Clinical Pharmacology and Chemotherapy                                           (3 units C)

The course is designed to help learners acquired basic knowledge of pharmacology to enable him/her function efficiently in all situations requiring drug use in health and illness in homes, communities and health care institutions. The student will acquire knowledge of the derivation, classifications, indications, dosages and calculations, routes of administration, mechanism of actions, adverse reactions, side-effects and contraindications, taking cues from general drug actions and functions of drugs on the systems of the body and in disease states.  It considers problem of drug therapy and the contribution of traditional chemotherapeautic measures to help maintenance, drugs derivations and standardization classification of drugs, dosage, administration and body’s reaction to drug therapy. The course also considers concerns and problems of drug therapy within the context of the rights of the clients and responsibilities of the nurse. The responsibilities of the nurse in drug storage, administration and management are also covered in the course.

 

NSC 303: Concepts and Strategies in Public-Community Health                       (2 units C)

The course exposes learners to various concepts and the historical antecedents in health care planning. Emphases are placed on the concepts of community oriented primary health care and community directed intervention as learners are assisted to also understand other concepts and strategies that are utilized in programme developments and management for health promotion and in promoting community action for health.

 

 

 

 

 

300 LEVEL                           SECOND SEMESTER

EHS302: General Pathology                                                                                    (3 Units C)

The course covers general mechanisms the pathogenesis of disease and the dynamic nature of disease as it evolve from its incipient stage to its full expression. The effect of disease on organs and distant parts of the body are discussed. Pathology and the nature of disease, Chemistry of cell damage and the dying cell, Inflammation and infection, inflammatory response and chemical mediators, immunity and cellular immune response, principles of repair and re-organization of cell structure.

 

EHS304: Food Hygiene and Safety                                                                         (2 Unit C)

Concept of Food chain and food security, food hygiene, Food production, Handling, Transportation, Storage, Preparation. Food Premises, Sanitary Requirements of Food premises, Food Handlers, Hygiene and Health Requirements of food handlers. Food spoilage and food preservation, Food poisoning and food Infections, their prevention and control; Food safety. Sampling of food, Food Quality Control, Food safety laws and Regulations. Licensing of food-preparing and water packaging premises. Licensing Liquor-selling premises. Organization of Workshop programme for food handlers on food safety and hygiene. Describe the general overview of the procedure and process of meat hygiene and inspection.

 

EHS306: Sanitary Inspection of Premises                                                              (2 Unit C)

Concept and principles of inspections. Procedure and methodology of premises inspections. Types of premises. Tools for inspection, Report writing. Guidelines, regulations and enforcement.

 

EHS308: Environmental Biotechnology                                                                 (2 Unit C)

Introduction to biotechnology, types of biotech, methods in biotech, microbial ecology, environmental microbiology, bioremediation and Biodegradation; Application of genetic engineering in environmental health. Insect sterilization techniques, Biological control measures vis-à-vis the more traditional use of insecticides and larvicides. Implication for environmental pollution and toxicity.

 

EHS310: Control of Communicable and Non Communicable Diseases             (2 Unit C)

Definition, description and classification; Epidemiological patterns. Stages of diseases prevention. Primordial, Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Control methods: Biological, Chemical, Environmental and Chemotherapy. Strategies for drug delivery: selective targeted and Mass chemotherapy; Emerging and re-emerging diseases. Definition, description, classification of non-communicable diseases and disorders that are of major public health significance in the country. Epidemiological patterns, risk factors, signs and symptoms; methods of prevention and control including those for behaviour medication, enforcement, and engineering measures. Examples of diseases/disorders considered include: hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, major genetic disorders including sickle cell anaemia, cancers (breast, lung, liver, ovary, cervix, leukaemia, lymphomas etc), asthma, ulcer, among others. Some non-disease chronic conditions with serious health implications such as obesity, nutritional deficiencies, drug abuse, and alcoholism.

 

EHS312: Housing/Building Construction                                                              (2 Unit C)

Introduction to Housing. Housing standards. Urban and rural housing. Housing and Health. Building technology-drawing and reading of plan. Housing codes, edicts, or ordinances, laws and legislation of the various Government levels. International Legislation on Housing. Criteria for building approval. Role of Environmental Health Professionals in building approval and registration.

 

EHS314: Environmental Health Services in Emergency Situations                   (2 Unit C)

Definitions,  concepts/scope. Types of emergencies and services required. Structure, roles and collaboration of agencies. Resources mobilization, allocation and management. Roles of Environmental health officers in emergency situations. Forecasting preparedness and response.

 

EHS320: Environmental Health Economics                                                         (1 Unit C)

Definitions, theories and concepts. Healthcare financing and their implications to health care delivery. National Health Insurance Scheme, Cost recovery strategies, private sector participation. Socio-economic cost of ill health, Indicators for assessment of cost of ill health. Factors affecting access to health services Economic implications of disease –man-hour, DALYs etc. CEA, CBA etc

 

EHS316: Immunology and Immunization                                                             (3 Units C)

Introduction to immunology – innate and acquired immunity; Antigens and antibodies; antigens and antibody reactions and immune response to infection; Humoral and cell-mediated immunity, immunity and infectious diseases; Hypersensitivity states; Prophylactic and therapeutic applications of immunity; Auto-immunity and its relation to human diseases; Transplantation immunology; Immunosuppression and immune-deficiency states. Types of vaccines, their uses and methods of administration, requisition for vaccines; collection, storage and distribution of vaccines; Maintenance of cold chain system; organization of immunization clinics and campaigns, Disposal of vaccines.

 

EHS318: Water Resources Management                                                               (2 Units C)

What is emergency, socio-political, legal cultural and security issues; survival supply; water treatment process techniques; water treatment works and urban water supply systems, Measurement of yield and water levels, rapid water quality assessment routines; catchment mapping; water quality analysis, Biological survey; water treatment; treatment Process and health and safety; background to ground water and aquifers; Rocks and soil identification, ground water investigation.

 

PHS318: Principles of Epidemiology                                                                          (2 Units C)

The course introduces students to the principles, methods and conceptual models of epidemiology as they are applied in the study of both acute and chronic diseases.  Students are introduced to the various terminologies and epidemiologic study methods. The common indices of community health, the analytic methods of demography, the theory behind screening programmes, and measurements are examined. 

 

400 LEVEL                           FIRST SEMESTER

EHS411: Environmental Toxicology                                                                        (3 Units C)

 Introduction to chemical pathology and environmental toxicology. Toxic dynamics and toxicokinetics. Pesticides, heavy metals, oleom, radioactive materials, food additives, animal toxins, phytotoxins, plastics and psychogenic or drugs. Toxic pollutants in air, land and water. Exposure pathways, standards and health implications. System, Organ, Tissue and Cell pathophysiology. Concept of LD and LC. Dose response analysis. Probit analysis.

 

 

EHS403: Environmental Health Laboratory                                                          (2 Units C)

Introduction to laboratory science; Importance and functions of Environmental Health laboratory; General lab. Construction; Safety precautions in the lab; Preparation and storage  of reagents; Instrumentation:, audiometer, dosimeter, cryostat,  PCR etc. Quality assessment and quality control, concept of laboratory log book and record keeping. 

 

EHS409: Sewage and Waste Water Treatment                                                     (2 Units C)

Definition of sewage and sewerage, Types and sources of waste water; characteristics and flow rates, impacts of waste water; treatment objectives and disposal regulation, principles of applied microbiology, waste water treatment introduction, primary (screens and communitors, grit removal, flow equalization, sedimentation and flotation) secondary (Tricking filters, rotating biological discs: activated sludge, oxidation pond)physic chemical treatment, advanced treatment,(Ultra filtration, reverse osmosis, activated carbon filter, UV sterilization, etc.)  Treatment of sludge, disinfection, and disposal on land / water, sewer corrosion, design of waste water treatment units.

 

EHS405: Environmental Health Administration                                                   (2 Units C)

Concepts. Theories and application in Environmental health. Institutional arrangement, staffing and funding. Guidelines in environmental health administration. Supervision and monitoring, quality assurance, equity, cost controls, organizing, inter and intra sectoral collaboration. Budgeting, work plan and programmed development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

 

EHS419: Sanitary Engineering                                                                               (2 Units C)

Definitions, concepts and theories of sanitary engineering. Environmental problems of urbanization and natural cycle of water. Elementary hydrology, Hydrological cycle, physical, chemical and biology principles of water and waste treatment. Municipal services – water supply, sanitation facilities e.g. latrines and sewerage systems, urban and community storm water management, drainage layout. State and Federal regulatory standards. Hazardous waste management.

 

 

EHS401: Meat Inspection, Abattoir/Slaughter Slab Management                      (2 Units C)

Anatomy and Physiology of Food Animals; Diseases of Food Animals; Zoonosis; Describe the role and function of other agencies involved with meat inspection, slaughter management and food animal husbandry and welfare. Describe the principles of good practice in an abattoir. Describe and apply abattoir planning, construction and management in terms of standard regulations and guidelines. Explain and recognize the requirements and needs for food animal husbandry. Apply the principles of risk assessment to meat inspection and slaughter management. Practical training in meat inspection at an abattoir. Identify factors in abattoir practice and legislation that determine the hygiene and quality of meat. Perform, recognize and describe hygiene and procedure involving food animal slaughter in line with regulations.

 

EHS413: Urban Planning and Sustainable Development                                     (2 Units C)

Urban renewal of built up environment and provision of essential services: road, drainage etc. describe layout planning and land use, development, control and land scaping. Describe national and international partners which support sustainable development – policies legislation, Agenda 21, Rio declaration, MDGS, WSSD, NEPAD etc. concept of urban and regional planning, history of planning and contemporary planning issues – sustainable development; regeneration and pollution core modules e.g. contemporary human geography, earth & ecological systems; planning and built environment; society, space, policy and economy. Urban poverty and planning; town scopes; societies, culture and urban explosion; rural poverty; GIS, EIA, Environmental and spatial qualities; prediction of effect; scenario development; multi-criteria analysis; potential solutions, environmental health feature, flood protection, rural and coastal infrastructure, industrial activities and pollution; spatial planning of industrial sites, etc.

 

EHS415: Public Utilities and Environmental Health Issues                                 (2 Units C)

Introduction to public utilities and its components, concept of environmental health issues, water supply and distribution, fire services, drainage, sewerage and treatment of sewage, power supply, current environmental health issues-environmental emergencies, climate change, bio-diversity. Etc.

EHS417: Environmental Health Planning                                                             (1 Unit C)

Principles and methods of planning health care services programmes and facilities. Planning outcomes; Strategic planning; Systems theory, Chaos theory and dynamic balance; Systems analysis; Types of technologies on health status; Forces affecting development and diffusion of technology; need for technology intervention; technology assessment; Technology change defined and modeled; modeling simulation and gaming methods.

 

PHS 401 Community Reproductive and Adolescent Health                                (2 Units C)

This course aims to review the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive systems, discuss the concept of reproductive health rights including family planning, process of pregnancy including pre-natal and ante-natal care, and management of labour, care of mother and child during puerperium, demography and population dynamics, abortion and its complications, infertility, menopause and andropause, the “at risk” pregnant women for referral, adolescent sexuality and development process, adolescent reproductive health right, principles of adolescent and youth friendly services, importance of provision of youth friendly service, management of HIVS/AIDS and STIs.

 

NSC 411: Research Methods                                                                                   (3 Unit C)

This course introduces students to the rudiments of research process. The course examines various definitions and types of research. It discusses the research process (from the stage of problem identification, through literature review, methodology, presentation and discussion of findings and referencing). The application and use of the research process in identifying and solving nursing problems in education and practice are presented. Learners at the end of the course are expected to have the knowledge required to generate research proposals.

 

 

400 LEVEL               SECOND SEMESTER

EHS402 Industrial Attachment/SIWES                                                                 (6 Units, C) 

The Second Semester of the 4th Year should be used for Industrial Attachment for the students in order to expose them to Environmental Health facilities in rural and urban settings. They are required to visit Environmental Health firms, laboratories, industries such as Beverage Processing Industries, Waste management outfits, Breweries, Nigeria Bottling Companies, State Water Boards, Food processing Companies, Abattoirs, Primary Health Centres, Hospitals and other Allied health organizations during the SIWES period to enable them acquire the skills in Environmental Health Sciences. Each student must keep and present log book for assessment at the end of his/her industrial attachment. Log book shall carry not less than 25% of overall industrial attachment score.

 

 

 

500 LEVEL               FIRST SEMESTER

EHS501 : Seminar                                                                                                    (2 Unît C)

 

EHS505: Environmental Epidemiology                                                                  (2 Units C)

Definitions, concepts. General introduction to Epidemiology, Environmental epidemiology and domain of environmental epidemiology; Exposure Assessment; Descriptive Analysis, methods of investigation including the use of Time – Trend and Spatial pattern analysis; Poisson Regression; Surveillance, Risk Assessment and management; pollution of air, water and soil, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation; investigation of disease clusters, emphasis is given to critical interpretation of scientific evidence relating to potential environmental hazards to health; Advances in Environmental Epidemiology; use of statistical packages (SPSS, EPI – INFO, Epidata)  and vital statistic etc.

 

EHS511: EIA/Health Impact Assessment                                                              (3 Units C)

Definition, concept, evolution and scope. Types and components of EIA/HIA/; regulatory requirement of EIA/HIA/SIA, projects requiring EIA/HIA/SIA; procedure, techniques or process if EIA; environmental index and indicator; technical details of impact prediction; case studies; Environmental Audit; ISO 14000, 14001 etc in the management of environmental systems.

 

EHS509 : Environnemental Heath Ethics, Régulations, Polices and Laws        (2 Unit C)

Définition, évolution, concepts and théories ; Professional ethics of Environnemental Heath; Ethics of other professions ; inter/intra Professional Relationship ; the role of regulatory authorities in the enforcement of professional ethics. Evolution, Ethical considerations in the design and application of environmental health technology and innovations. Review of the legal aspects of environmental health services with particular emphasis on their implication for the development public health technology. Process of formulation of policies, regulations ethics and making of laws. Critique of existing regulation, policies and laws. Enforcement and role of environmental health officers. Professional ethics, role of environmental health council, case studies etc.

 

 

EHS507: Environmental Health Lab Practice                                                      (2 Units C)

Methods in Environmental Chemistry, soil, water, air, food. Techniques in Parasitology and Microbiology. Assessment of Radiation effects and exposure. Pest management strategies. Pesticide formulation and use. Principles and methods for assessing Allergic hyper sensitivity associated with exposure to chemicals in the Environment. Simulation of cleaning oil spill in water and soil. Methods in gas flaring control. Field and laboratory techniques in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Environmental Audit (EAD), EER, Environmental Statement (ES) etc. Methods  of remote sensing, Use of Geographical Information System (GIS) in Environmental Health.; Methods in HIA.

 

EHS503: Water/Air Quality management                                                             (2 Units C)

Definitions, concepts, principles, and objectives. Standard for Drinking Water Quality. International treaties and Conventions. Procedure for water quality monitoring and surveillance. Protection of water sources including effluent and partially treated water discharge. Concept of air quality, composition of air; Air pollution; Common air pollutants; Measurement of air quality, Air quality modeling etc. Air quality assessment technologies.

 

EHS513: Industrial Hygiene and Safety                                                                (2 Units C)

Introduction to industrial hygiene and safety, objectives, structural organization, concept of Health Safety and Environment-Principle of Health Safety and Environment, Fire Safety, Chemical Safety, Ergonomics, Workers Compensation, Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) in Food Hygiene and Safety, Health Safety and Environment Management System. Application and Use of checklist for evaluation of safety assessment.

 

EHS515: Pollution Control                                                                                       (2 Units C)

Sources of pollutions on land, water and air; impact of pollutants on ecosystem. Control techniques, mitigations.

 

EHS517: Biometeorology                                                                                         (2 Units C)

Definition and concept. Classification, description and health implication of different types. Prevention and control measures etc. Describe hygiene and procedures involving food animal slaughter in line with regulations.

PHS511: Applied Epidemiology (Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases) (3 Units C)

The course teaches the concept of communicable diseases, aetiology, epidemiology and pre-disposing factors, clinical signs and symptoms of communicable diseases. Principles and control of communicable disease, concept of immunity and immunization in relation to communicable diseases. Identification of internationally modifiable diseases, procedure for reporting international modifiable disease, concept of non-communicable disease, causes and pre-deposing factors of non-communicable and chronic diseases, clinical signs and symptoms of non-communicable diseases, role of individual, family, community, government and international agencies in the control of non-communicable diseases.

 

500 LEVEL                           SECOND SEMESTER

EHS502          Research Project                                                                                (5 Units C)

Students are guided in the development, execution and writing of their research project in the approved area of their interest. They are also expected to present a seminar on their research project.

 

EHS504: Occupational Health and Safety                                                             (2 Units C)

Definition, scope and evolution. Principles and practice of occupational health and industrial hygiene; work environment and productivity; proxemics and ergonomics; basic occupational health team; worksite wellness promotion programs. Common occupational health problems in (industries, agricultural establishments; health care establishments; construction settings). Occupational health policies, regulations and regulatory Agencies. Environmental and occupational hazards, evaluation and measurement of exposure levels. Occupational stress, identification of the role of human and environmental factors in occupational and safety management.

 

EHS510: Monitoring and Evaluation in Environmental Health                          (1 Unit C)

Concept of monitoring and evaluation (M&E). quality and characteristics of M & E, role of M & E in Environmental Health Services. Monitoring versus evaluation, evaluation matrix, evaluation design, external and internal evaluation, guidelines for evaluation (5 phases), evaluation questions, indicators, matrix plus induction selection, use of IF THEN logic model statement, CAT SOLO Mnemonics (Computer Activities and Target Group). Instrument for gathering qualitative and quantitative information, protesting and piloting as perquisites to effective M & E.

 

EHS514: Pesticides Management, Methods and Control                                     (2 Unit C)

Concept of pest, pest management and control, types and characteristics of pest, assessment of pest status, types of pesticides-organo-chlorins, organo-phosphates, carbamate and pyrethroids, pesticides formulation and use, methods in pest management and control.

 

EHS512: Emergency Medical Care                                                                        (2Units C)

Basic Skills for First Aid and safety measures for sudden illnesses and injuries in the home, playground, workplace and public places. Management of emergency conditions due to falls, cuts and abrasions, drowning, burns, electric shocks, etc. Skills in cardiopulmonary resuscitation; mouth-to-mouth resuscitation; etc

 

EHS520: Biomedical and Special waste                                                                  (2 Unit C)

Concept, classification, sources and health impacts, planning, handling and transportation of biomedical and special waste. Waste minimization, recycling and reuse. The role of legislation in biomedical and special waste, treatment technologies, disposal methods, health and safety rules for personnel and associated workers. Infection control and emergencies response. Training and retraining modality for handles of biomedical and special waste.

 

EHS518: Community Sanitation                                                                           (1 Unit C)

Concept of Community Sanitation and Disease prevalence, measure of improving sanitation, control of sanitation related diseases, sanitary inspection of premises/institutions, sanitation in market and temporary settlements, disposal of the dead (DOD), methods of cremation, exhumation and embalmment, removal of corps, home burial and modern technique sin achieving sanitation-ecological sanitation, Community Lead Total Sanitation (CLTS)etc.

 

 

 

 

EHS508: Health Psychology and Sociology                                                           (2 Units C)

Introduction to sociology, psychology and anthropology, Biological basis for human behaviour-sensation, perception, motivation and emotion, describe human development, learning and practices, explain the role of culture, communication and human relationship and public participation, Describe the importance of indigenous knowledge, belief and health practices, describe social, psychological and biological aspect of environmental planning and built-up environment, Discussion factors relating smoking, alcoholism, drug addiction emotional disorder. Describe factors in inequalities on health. Identify sources of psychological disorders, stresses, and illness behaviours in relation to social medicine and medical psychology. Describe the role of human behaviours in illness and disease causation. Discussion social determinants of health, social epidemiology and health service utilization behaviours.

Application of social theories towards understanding behavioural aspects of health and medical care. Consideration of human behavioural dimensions in illness and disease, prophylactic behaviour, the role of culture, role of social institutions, stress and health, compliance behaviours, social epidemiology, etc. also covers topics in social health including smoking, alcoholism, drug addiction, obesity and nutritional behaviour/disorders, health services utilization behaviour, emotional health and personality disorders, religion and health.

 

ESM342: Environmental Impact Assessment and Auditing                                (3 Units C)

Origin and Evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Theory and practice of Evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment, EIA legislation EIA process, Environmental Audit Process, Environmental Audit Report; (EAR) as management tools. Environmental Policy and compliance. Environmental Governance, Institutional framework for environmental management. Preparation of EIA report, methods of executing EIA. Selected case studies of EIA around the world.

 

PHS524: Health Education and Promotion                                                           (3 Units C)

This course aims to teach the principles and rationale of health education, various information, communication and education media, general principles of communication, designing health promotional activities to address health needs of the community, processes in planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluation of health education programmes in the community, development and use of health instructional materials, organize and deliver health education activities, setting up of health promotion clubs in community, schools and work places.

 

11.0. INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS

11.1. LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTIONS

All courses shall be taught in English Language.

 

11.2 MODE OF INSTRUCTION

This method of instruction is by the Distance Learning Mode which involves the use of a range of media to bridge the ‘distance’ between the facilitators and the students. Print is the major medium of instruction for this programme. Each course has a study material developed and written specifically for it, and which students are expected to study prior to their being examined. A course guide is also provided to give the students an overview of the course.

 

12.0. QUALITY ASSURANCE

A number of quality control measures have been put in place to make the programme academically rewarding for admitted candidates. Some of these measures include interactive sessions with the prospective students at study centres, screening of their qualifications and valid practicing license at the point of admission and submission of letter of attestation from the employers. In addition, Facilitators from various subject areas were appointed at various study centre’s to facilitate student’s learning, Supervisors of minimum of Bachelor of Environmental Health Degree and Master’s degree in relevant areas are appointed to supervise student projects.

 

13.0 EVALUATION

13.1 TUTOR MARKED ASSIGNMENTS

As part of the evaluation mechanism, each course would be provided with 4 Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA’s) out of which the 3 best would be used for the continuous assessments for a course. This constitutes 30% of the total assessment.

 

13.2 END OF SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS

 Except otherwise stated, each course will culminate in an end of semester examination. The examination constitutes 70% of the total assessment.

 

13.0 COURSE DEVELOPMENT

Course development is an integral part of instructional design within the Open and Distance Learning System. All the courses in the programme have been designed and developed in line with an approved curriculum to meet the educational needs of the target group. The course content is written by experts in the various disciplines to achieve specific learning objectives. The development of these materials is based on the course description prescribed for each course.

 

14.0 COURSE CODES

For uniformity, the course codes for all Environmental Health Sciences courses in the University shall be ‘EHS’ (meaning Environmental Health Sciences) and this Shall precede each of the Environmental Health based course. Each of the courses had also been allocated credit units. The first figure of the course code denotes the level at which it is being offered. 

 

15.0   DOMICILE FACULTY TO RUN THE PROGRAMME

The programme being a health science-based programme will be based in the Faculty of Health Sciences of the National Open University of Nigeria. The support of the accredited Universities with B.Sc. Environmental Health programmes and other health related professional bodies will be required for professional guidance.

 

 

16.0   DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME

Duration of the programme shall be in line with existing National University’s Commission (NUC) policy for the first degree programme in Nigerian Universities. The programme is designed for four years for all categories of students as stated in the entry requirements.

 

17.0 STAFFING

The programme will be administered by the current staff of the Faculty of Health Sciences, with other cognate faculties and the facilitators appointed for the various study centre’s across the federation.

 

18.0 LEARNERS SUPPORT

The programme will be serviced by a range of support services one of which is the facilitation of courses at the study centre’s and i-learn platform.

 

19.0 RECOGNITION OF THE PROGRAMME

Graduate of Bachelor of B Sc. Environmental Health are being promoted from G/L 14 to G/L 15 and above as Assistant Directors and Directors like their counterpart in other field with similar qualification.

 

20.0. PROPOSED STATING DATE AND PRESENTATION SCHEDULE

2018 Academic session.

 

21.0. TARGET STUDENTS

The target students for the programme are the holders of:

  1. Holders of relevant certificates in health related disciplines

 

22.0. CONCLUSION

Bachelor of Environmental Health Science of National Open University of Nigeria is a Post Basic Degree for Environmental Health Professionals.