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OPP AND DPP FOR BSc. PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE

1.1 PHILOSOPHY

The philosophy of the Public Health Science programme is to provide a broad-based academic, professional training and competence that reflect the emphasis on the current national preventive health care systems and services through the use of Open and Distance Learning Approaches.

 

1.2 JUSTIFICATION

The rapid and ever growing population of Nigeria no doubt needs a concise and pragmatic approach to its health needs. Regrettably, the skilled manpower needed to actualize the lofty goals of primary health care is inadequate in the nation’s health care system.

 

Although, there are Schools and Colleges of Health Technology that award certificates and diplomas in various disciplines related to Public Health Science such as Environmental Health, Health Education, Community Health Workers etc., yet the graduates of these schools and colleges alone cannot meet the ever-increasing challenges in the field of Public Health Science especially with the current changes in the socio-economic, political, industrial and technological environment.

 

It is in the light of the above, that this programme is being introduced to train, retrain and produce graduates with broad scientific and professional knowledge; that is based on sound understanding of public health care issues as practiced in the country and globally to ensure effective qualitative health services

 

1.3 AIMS OF THE PROGRAMME

The programme will provide learner with: 

  • Broad based scientific reasoning and professional knowledge and skills required for public health practice.
  • Current studies on public health required to positively affect, participation and inter-sectorial approach to health care.
  • Research competencies aimed at solving health problems.
  • High level managerial and leadership role in primary health care

 

1.4 OBJECTIVES

By the end of this programme, learners should have been able to:

  • Acquire competences in Public Health Science, carry out community diagnosis, immunization, community mobilization, health education and apply statistical and mathematical methods to the design and analysis of public health problems.
  • Conduct biomedical research, nutrition and growth monitoring, environmental monitoring and disease surveillance.
  • Take up effective leadership and management position in the community, work places, school settings and health centres/institutions.

1.5       GENERAL ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

Candidates intending to enter the B.Sc Public Health Science Programme must satisfy the University admission requirements.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR BSc. PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE

Candidates intending to enter the BSc. Public Health Science Programme must satisfy the University admission requirements as follows:

  1. Five (5) credit passes at not more than two (2) sittings in O’ level in the following subjects; English Language, Mathematics, Biology or Health science, Chemistry and Physics.

 

  1. That the disciplines classification should be specific in order to be computer friendly e.g. Upper and Lower Credit must be visible.
  1. In addition to A above,

All programmes which include; BSc, HND, NCE, ND OND and technical certificate holders would be admitted into 200 level.

  1. That the BSc. holders would possess minimum of third class, HND holders will possess minimum of lower credit, NCE possesses minimum of merit pass and ND & OND will possess minimum of lower credit in order to be eligible for admission.

 

Health-related disciplines for admission into BSc. Public Health Science programme include:

1st Degree holders, Diploma holders and Technicians as shown below:

 

  1. List of acceptable disciplines: First degree holders (200 level admission with minimum of third class)
  1. Biology
  2. Biochemistry
  3. Chemistry
  4. Physics
  5. Microbiology
  6. Anatomy
  7. Pharmacology
  8. Pharmacy
  9. Zoology
  10. Veterinary medicine
  11. MBBS
  12. BMLS (Bachelor of Medical Lab Scientist)
  13. Industrial Chemistry
  14. Science Education
  15. Nursing
  16. Health Education
  17. Physiology
  18. Nutrition
  19. Physiotherapy
  20. Radiotherapy
  21. Environmental Health Science

 

  1. List of acceptable disciplines: Diploma holders (200 level admission)
  1. Community Health Officer Training Certificate (CHO),
  2. Environmental Health Officer
  3. National Certificate in Education (NCE) (Physical /Health Education, Science Education Nutrition & Home Economics with a minimum of merit pass)
  4. Health Superintendent
  5. Registered Nurse (RN),
  6. Associate Institute of Medical Laboratory Sciences (AIMLS)
  7. Science Laboratory Technologist (SLT) (HND lower credit)
  8. Food and Nutrition (lower credit)
  9. Food Science

 

  1. List of acceptable disciplines for technicians (200 level admission)
  1. Dental technician
  2. Pharmacy technician
  3. Radiography technician
  4. Physiotherapy technician
  5. Medical Laboratory Technician
  6. Community Health Extension Workers (CHEW)
  7. Environmental Health Technician

 

Please note that HND, ND and OND holders must possess minimum of lower credit where the certificate is classified.

 

DIRECT ENTRY (ADMISSION INTO 200 LEVELS)

        1. At least five (5) credit level passes at not more than two (2) sittings at the Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSCE/NECO/GCE) examinations in the following

            subjects:

  • English Language
  • Biology or Health Science,
  • Chemistry,
  • Mathematics,
  • Physics.

 

        1. An additional qualification from any health-related discipline such as Community Health Officer Training certificate (CHO), NCE (Physical/Health Education, Science Education, Nutrition, Home Economics, Food Science) Health Superintendent, Registered Nurse (RN), Physiology, Medical Laboratory Science, Community Health Extension Workers (CHEW).

 

1.6 REPEATING FAILED COURSES

Students have opportunities to repeat the courses failed as well as improve on courses where the grades are lower.

 

1.7 LEARNING OUTCOME

1.         Regime of Subject Knowledge

Graduates of the degree programme are expected to have acquired:

  • Working knowledge of the basic biological, social sciences and humanities,
  • Knowledge and scale of community diagnosis and identification of the common health problems of the community.
  • A broad knowledge of the use of the environment, community and occupation as they affect human health.
  • Understanding of the organization and management of the health services and lastly
  • Understanding of fundamental technique and methodology of research in public health sciences

2.         Competencies and Skills

The graduate of the programme should have acquired skills to:

  • function adequately with other members of the health team at local, national and international settings to increase the knowledge, skills and motivation necessary for individuals to assume greater responsibility for their health status;
  • perform full community diagnosis using the indicators of health prior to community intervention;
  • participate actively in community mobilization processes prior to implementation of community health programs;
  • produce Information Education Communication (IEC) materials for health communication;
  • plan and implement patient education and counseling on health consumer issues in the health facilities/clinics/hospital and community settings;
  • participate in immunization exercises and perform nutrition assessment of infants, children of school age, adolescents and adults in the community;
  • monitor the environment for pollutants and ensure safety at work sites;
  • plan and implement school health education programmes for substance abuse reduction, sexuality and nutrition education;
  • plan and describe the details of epidemiology of communicable diseases;
  • design methods of investigation and control of disease outbreaks in the community;

 

3.   Practical Skills

The graduates of the programme shall be able to :

  • organize a communicable disease campaign and surveillance;
  • interview, counsel and work with clients in the clinics and homes;
  • assess the health status of pregnant women and children and undertake systematic observations;
  • perform anthropometric measurements of children 0-5 years and school children 6-18 years and have the indices recorded, analyzed and graphed;
  • manage the resources (material and human and keep appropriate and accurate records;
  • record and calculate simple and reliable indices of the outcome of maternal and child health services;
  • perform Laboratory procedures appropriately as directed for water, soil and specimen analysis;
  • identify environmental health hazards in the community and take appropriate action access the nutrition states or individual, community and establish appropriate actions;
  • recognize emergency conditions and initiate immediate actions  through the appropriate referral system;
  • recognize community mental health problems and take appropriate action;
  • identify the main occupational hazards in the work place and in the community and initiate appropriate actions;
  • identify problems relating to the aged and the handicapped and refer as appropriate;
  • assess the health of a child with respect to growth, development, nutrition and immunization status and take appropriate action;

 

 

4.         Behavioural Attributes

  • The trainee and the product of the programme shall be public health professionals who have mastering of basic public health skills, spirit of service and understanding of team work based on good interpersonal relationships. They shall protect the dignity of their clients and be sensitive to various cultural practices in the society and communities. They shall be thoughtful users of resources and committed to good practices and show strong leadership qualities.
  • assess maternal and child health needs and resources in the community and assist in planning, implementing, maintaining and evaluating services;
  • initiate and implement research findings to strengthen all areas of public health;
  • maintain good information and working relationship with community leaders, representatives of other agencies and other health personnel;
  • participate in community development activities in cooperation with community leader and representatives of other agencies;
  • use existing guidelines to manage common ailments and refer the more serious conditions as appropriate;
  • participate in reproductive health activities and advise on child spacing; and
  • Observe and practice under supervision, circumcision, incision and drainage.

5.         Attainment Levels

It is essential that the procedure used for students’ assessment should correspond to the knowledge, abilities and skills that are to be developed through their degree programme. These should be based on:

  • Formal examinations
  • Laboratory, Clinical or Field reports/records
  • Problem-solving exercises
  • Oral presentations
  • Planning, conduct and reporting of project work and researches.

 

 

 

 

1.8 INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS OF DELIVERY

This method of instruction is by the distance learning mode which involves the use of a range of media to bridge the ‘distance’ between the facilitators and the students. Print is the major medium of instruction for this programme. Each course has a study material developed and written specifically for it, and which students are expected to study prior to their being examined. A course guide is also provided to give the students an overview of the course.There is also Online Facilitation of with video recording which the learner can view and listen to after the facilitation especially those who missed facilitation.

1.9 EVALUATION

Evaluation shall involve the following steps:

    1. Tutor Marked Assignments

As part of the evaluation mechanism, each course would be provided with 4 TMA’s out of which the three best would be used for the continuous assessment for a course. This constitutes 30% of the total assessment.

2.         End of Semester Examinations

Except otherwise stated, each course will culminate in an end of semester examination. The examination constitutes 70% of the total assessment.

3.         Learners Support

The programme will be serviced by a range of support services one of which is the facilitation of courses at the study centers including Internet learning platform (i-Learn) for students-facilitator interaction.

 

1.10 LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTIONS

All courses shall be taught in English Language.

 

2.0 COURSE DEVELOPMENT

Course development is an integral part of instructional design within the Open and Distance Learning System. All the courses in the programme have been designed and developed in line with an approved curriculum to meet the educational needs of the target group. The course content is written by experts in the various disciplines to achieve specific learning objectives. The development of these materials is based on the course description prescribed for each course.

 

2.1   DOMICILE FACULTY TO RUN THE PROGRAMME

The programme being a health science-based programme is domiciled in the Faculty of Health Sciences of the National Open University of Nigeria. The support of the accredited Universities with B.Sc. Public Health programmes and other health related professional bodies will be required for professional guidance.

2.2 STAFFING

The programme will be administered by the current staff of the Faculty of Health Sciences, other cognate schools and the facilitators appointed for the various study centers across the federation.

 

2.3   DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME

Duration of the programme shall be in line with existing National University’s Commission (NUC) policy for the first degree programme in Nigerian Universities. The programme is designed for a minimum of four (4) years and maximum of eight (8) years for all categories of students as stated in the entry requirements.

 

2.4 REQUIREMENT FOR GRADUATION

The following conditions are required to graduate from the BSc. in Public Health Science programme:

  1. Years/ Semester Required:

            The candidate must have spent a minimum of 4 years (or 8 semesters) from entry (from 200 Level).

  1. Credit Units:

            Candidates that entered the programme must have a minimum of 120 Credit Units to graduate.

  1. Compulsory (Core Courses):

            The candidates must pass all compulsory (core) courses as listed in the outlined programme proposal (OPP) to graduate.

2.5 COURSE CODES

For uniformity, the course codes for all Public Health courses in the University shall be ‘PHS’ (meaning Public Health Science) and this shall precede each of the Public Health based courses. Each of the courses had also been allocated credit units. The first figure of the course code denotes the level at which it is being offered.

2.6 GRADING SYSTEM

 

Grade: Undergraduate

Grade: Post-graduate

CGPA Classification

70 and above                 A

70 and above                   A

First Class          4.50 – 5.0

60 – 69                            B

60 – 69                              B    

2nd Class Upper  3.5 – 4.49

50 – 59                            C

50 – 59                              C

2nd Class Lower   2.40 – 3.49

45 – 49                            D

49 and below                    F

3rd Class              1.5 – 2.39

40 – 44                            E

 

 

39 and below                  F

 

 

  • Please note that pass mark for project is 50%.

                                                               

2.7       OUTLINE PROGRAMME PROPOSAL (OPP)

 

200 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

PROGRAMME

BSc. PUBLIC 

HEALTH SCIENCE

 

 

 

 

S/N

 

COURSE CODE

 

COURSE TITLE

 

UNIT

 

STATUS

 

OTHER PROGRAMMES OFFERING THE COURSE

1

GST 101

Use of English and Communication skills I

2

Compulsory

 

2

CHM 101       

Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry

2

Compulsory

 

3

GST 103

Computer Fundamentals

2

Compulsory

 

4

GST104

Use of Library

2

Compulsory

 

5

GST 107

The Good Study Guide

2

Compulsory

 

6

MTH 101

Elementary Mathematics 1

3

Compulsory

 

7

PHY 103   

Geometric and Wave Optics

2

Compulsory

 

8

NSC 205

Anatomy

3

Compulsory

 

9

GST 201

Nigerian Peoples and Cultures

2

Compulsory

 

10

PHS 203

Introduction to Public Health Science

3

Compulsory

 

11

PHS 217

General Microbiology

3

Compulsory

 

12

PED 221

Developmental Psychology

2

Compulsory

 

 

 

Total Credit Unit

26

 

 

 

 

200 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

 

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

STATUS

OTHER PROGRAMMES OFFERING THE COURSE

1

GST 102

Use of English and Communication skills II

2

Compulsory

 

2

GST 202

Fundamentals of Peace Studies & Conflict Resolutions

2

Compulsory

 

3

BIO 102

General Biology II

2

Compulsory

 

4

PHS 202

Nutrition in Health and Disease

3

Compulsory

 

5

NSC 207

Medical Biochemistry

3

Compulsory

 

6

PHS 204

Introduction to Sociology

3

Compulsory

 

7

NSC 203

Human Physiology I

4

Compulsory

 

8

PHS 210

Introduction to Biostatistics

3

Compulsory

 

 

 

Total Credit Units

22

 

 

 

 

 

300 LEVEL -   FIRST SEMESTER

 

S/N

 

COURSE CODE

 

COURSE TITLE

 

UNIT

 

STATUS

 

1

GST 203

Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

2

Compulsory

 

2

PHS 301

Health Management Information Systems

3

Compulsory

 

3

PHS 303

Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Techniques

2

Elective

 

4

PHS 305

Seminars in Public Health

2

Compulsory

 

5

PHS 311

Child Health

3

Compulsory

 

6

EHS 315

International Port Health Services

3

Compulsory

 

7

EHS 319

Introduction to Demography

3

Compulsory

 

 

 

Total Credit Units

18

 

 

 

 

 

300 LEVEL -   SECOND SEMESTER

S/N

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

STATUS

 

1

GST 302

Business Creation and Growth

2

Compulsory

 

2

EHS 204

Environmental Health

2

Compulsory

 

3

NSC 301

Human Behaviour in Health and Illness

2

Compulsory

 

4

PHS 302

Organization of School Health

3

Compulsory

 

5

PHS 308

Health  Management I & II

3

Compulsory

 

6

PHS 312

Oral Health Care

2

Elective

 

7

PHS 318

Principles of Epidemiology

3

Compulsory

 

8

PHS 322

Community Mobilization and Participation

3

Compulsory

 

9

PHS 326

Public Health Practical I (Field Work)

3

Compulsory

 

 

 

Total Credit Units

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

400 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

S/N

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

STATUS

 

1

NSC 303

Concept and Strategy in Public Community Health (Primary Health Care 1)

3

Compulsory

 

2

PHS 401

Community Reproductive and Adolescent Health

3

Compulsory

 

3

PHS 403

Accident and Emergency

2

Elective

 

4

NSC 407

Introduction to Health Economics

2

Compulsory

 

6

EHS 409

Sewage & Waste Water management

2

Compulsory

 

7

EHS 303

General Parasitology

3

Compulsory

 

8

NSC 411

Research Methods and seminar writing

3

Compulsory

 

 

 

Total Credit Units

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

400 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

S/N

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

STATUS

 

1

NSC 204

Human Physiology II

4

Compulsory

 

2

PHS 402

Introduction to Public Health Laws

2

Compulsory

 

3

PHS 404

Occupational Health & Safety

3

Compulsory

 

4

PHS 426

Essential Drugs and Public Health Pharmacology

3

Compulsory

 

5

PHS 430

Community Health Practical II (Field Work)

3

Compulsory

 

 

 

Total Credit Units

15

 

 

 

 

500 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

S/N

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

STATUS

 

1

PHS 505

Community Mental Health

3

Compulsory

 

2

PHS 507

Outreach and Mobile Health Services

2

Elective

 

3

NSC 509

Gerontology

2

Elective

 

4

PHS 511

Applied Epidemiology (Communicable & Non-Communicable Diseases)

3

Compulsory

 

5

PHS 599

Research Project

5

Compulsory

 

 

 

Total Credit Units

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

500 LEVEL     SECOND SEMESTER

S/N

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

UNIT

STATUS

 

1

PHS 520

Community Posting (Internship)

6

Compulsory

 

2

PHS 524

Health Education and Promotion

3

Compulsory

 

3

PHS 512

Seminars in Core Areas of Public Health*

6

Compulsory

 

 

 

Total Credit Units

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* The Core Areas of Public Health                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

  • Epidemiology, Disease Control & Surveillance
  • Introduction to Biostatistics
  • Public Health Seminars and Practicum
  • Environmental Health
  • Occupational Health
  • Health Systems Management & Administration
  • Family and Reproductive Health
  • Public health Nutrition
  • Health Promotion & Education

 

 

2.2.2.20           DETAILED PROGRAMME PROPOSAL (DPP)

 

200 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

GST 101 Use of English and Communication Skills I (2 Units C)

This course aims to give students an understanding of the basic principles of communicating effectively in English, demonstrating how the principles of communicating in English can be applied to language use in diverse situations and increasing the student’s proficiency in English, so as to make them capable of performing language functions in social and academic settings.

 

CHM 101 Introductory Inorganic Chemistry (2 Unit C)

This course aims to introduce the student to the Periodic Table, the principles surrounding the development of the periodic table, electronic configuration, types of bonding, and theories of electronic configuration. The scope also covers atomic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity, electro negativity, hydrogen and the alkali metals.

 

GST 104: Use of Library (2 Units; C)

As available in the Use of Library Programme

 

MTH 101 Elementary Mathematics 1 (3 Units C)

This course is designed to teach you how mathematics could be used in solving problems in the contemporary science world. Therefore, the course is structured to expose you to the skills required in other to attain a level of proficiency by integrating mathematical models in the Sciences.

 

PHY 103 Geometric and Wave Optics (2 Units C)

The overall aim of this course is to introduce the basic principles of geometric and wave optics and appreciate the usefulness of these principles to make our life simpler and convenient. During this course, students will learn that light has a dual nature i.e. it exhibits characteristics of wave in some situations and characteristics of particle in other

situations. Students will also learn about reflection and refraction at plane and curved surfaces and the phenomena associated with them. They will learn about lenses and optical entrustments like telescopes, microscopes etc. required for scientific and technological developments. They will also be introduced into some aspects of wave optics like interference and polarization of light. These include interference in thin films and air wedge, Newton’s rings, and laws and application of polarization. wedge, Newton’s rings, and laws and application of polarization.

 

GST 107 The Good Study Guide (2 Units C)

The detailed explanation concerning this course is as on the university courseware site

 

PHS 201 Anatomy (3 Units C)

This course discusses the study of the cells and tissues of the body, the joint and skeleton, blood electrolytes, acid base balance and body fluids. Study various systems of the body i.e. cardio-vascular system, respiratory system, genito-urinary system, digestive system, reproductive system, lymphatic and endocrine system, the study of special senses, nutrition etc.

GST 201 Nigerian Peoples and Cultures (2 Units C)

The course teaches the student how to understand and have a sound knowledge of the traditional Nigerian peoples and culture. It does this by introducing the student to the traditional Southern and Northern peoples and culture, and helping the student to understand the evolution of Nigeria as a political unit.

 

PHS 203 Introduction to Public Health (3 Units C)

The course highlights issues of health in broad perspectives; ranging from various periods of recorded history, that is, from the antiquity to present times. The development and growth of public health from its inception are addressed. The various actors in the course of its development and the various roles played by each of them are highlighted. Also, the course traces the development of modern public health in Nigeria, that is, the development of health services and the basic health services to the development of the national primary health care system.

 

PHS (BIO 217) General Microbiology (3 Units C)

The course aims to give the student an understanding of microbiology which is an important branch of biology. It identifies the different components of the microbial world, explains the historical aspects, relevance and scope of microbiology, and describes microbial growth and reproduction and methods of controlling microbial growth.

PED 221 Developmental Psychology (2 Units C)

This course introduces the student to the basic concepts and nature of developmental psychology, such as the basic principles of growth and development in human behaviour; the major theories of human development and the stages of human growth and development.

 

 

200 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

GST 102 Use of English and Communication Skills II (2 Units C)

The aim of this course is to expose the student to the functions and rules of English in order to communicate effectively using the language in diverse social and academic settings. It will teach the student diverse writing skills in English and give broad – based knowledge of the phonological forms of the language.

 

GST 202 Fundamentals of Peace Studies & Conflict Resolutions (2 Units C)

The detailed explanation concerning this course is as on the university courseware site

 

BIO 102 General Biology II (2 Unit C)

This course aims to provide a generalized survey of the plant and animal kingdom based mainly on the study, or similarities and differences in the external features, ecological adaptations of plants and animal forms.

 

PHS 202 Nutrition in Health and Diseases (3 Units C)

This course provides the student with the historical perspectives of nutrition as a science, the nutritional value of food and its effects on health; food purchasing; food presentation. Food preparation and diet therapy are also studied to enable students provide well balanced diets to clients. Classification and selection of foods, formulation of weaning diets, and diabetic diets are also covered.

 

PHS 204 Introduction to Sociology (3 Units C)

This course introduces the student to sociology as a social science, the development of sociology and its founding fathers. The course also covers the sociological perspective of society, social interaction and social relations as elementary forms of social life. Groups, normative systems and culture, social institutions and complex organizations are the other aspects covered.

 

NSC 207 Medical Biochemistry (3 Units C)

The course deals with the chemistry of important biological compounds stressing their biogenesis and reaction mechanism. Introduction to Biochemistry introductory kinetics and energetic. Chemistry of proteins and enzymes, Chemistry and metabolism of carbohydrates – Lipids, Vitamins as co-enzymes, integration of  metabolism, oxidation, nucleic acids, RNA and protein synthesis, Diet, Food value and vitamin deficiency

 

NSC 104 Human Physiology I (4 Units C)

This course covers the functions of the components of the cells, tissues, organs and glands in the body. It discusses the functions of the integumentary system, the moving body and the systems that maintain integrate and control bodily functions. It also covers the functions of the cardiovascular system, processes of the digestive system, nutrition and metabolism.

 

PHS 210 Introduction to Biostatistics (3 Units C)

This course is planned to equip students with the necessary tools and skills for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data quantitatively. Topics to be covered include: the central role of statistics in health sciences disciplines, data description, elements of probability, description of random variables, applications of the binomial and normal distributions, estimation of confidence intervals, contingency tables, regression and variance analysis, study design and hypothesis testing. For practical purposes, students are provided with specific data to work on, and are also required to develop simple questionnaire protocols for analysis.

 

300 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

GST 203 Introduction of Philosophy and Logic (2 Units C)

This course aims to introduce you to the actual definition, nature and scope of logic. It also attempts to analyze the meaning of sound and unsound arguments, uses of language, fallacies, definitions, propositions and the laws of thought.  This course will also teach how to differentiate arguments from non-arguments. The students’ understanding of logic and critical thinking will equip him/her with the knowledge of what logic is all about, as well as its influence in other disciplines.

 

 

GST 301 Entrepreneurship Studies (2 Units C)

The detailed explanation concerning this course is as on the university courseware site

 

PHS 301 Health Management Information System (3 Units C)

This course teaches the definitions of concepts and terminologies, management information systems processes, identification of National Health indicators, various forms and instrumental guidelines, monitoring, supervision and evaluation of Primary Health Care (PHC) Community Based Information System (CBIS) at various levels, sources of health information in National Health Management Information System (NHMIS).

 

PHS 303 Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Techniques (2 Units C)

The course introduces the students to the diagnostic skills in health practice, preparation of patients for diagnostic procedures, collection of samples for laboratory test, principles and techniques of laboratory test, conduct simple laboratory tests, universal precautionary measures and management of the clinic laboratory.

 

PHS 305 Seminars in Public Health (2 Unit C)

The students discuss specific topics relating to their field experiences in a class setting. Designed to enable students identify various issues and trends in public health care. Seminar sessions, discussions and presentations centre around knowledge of the relevant biological, social and psychological concepts and theories as would be needed to understand contemporary issues in public health. The topics are prepared and presented as individuals or in groups. The seminar sessions are expected to guide students to:

  • Plan, compose and present seminar papers on relevant topics.
  • Plan and organize seminar workshops.
  • Participate actively as discussants, secretaries, rappateurs, and chairman at seminar.
  • Evaluate the achievement of seminars.  

PHS 311 Child Health (3 Units C)

This course discusses the physiology and care of the newborn, process of growth and nutrition in children 0-5 years, assessment of the health and immunization status of children 0-5 years. Children who are ‘At Risk’ for specific conditions, concept of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI), conditions which may expose the child to grave danger and the rights of the child.

EHS 315 International Health Services (3 Units C)

This course outlines the cross-boundary port health services on land, air, and sea ports; International organizations and agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs); constitutions, conventions, treaties, international regulations and agreements; Roles of international organizations in port health; International collaboration and cooperation in port health.

 

EHS 319 Introduction to Demography (3 Units C)

The aim of the course is to provide the student with an understanding of demography. It is intended to let the student appreciate the uses of demographic studies in the sustainable development of Nigeria. Students will learn how to explain the concept of demography, develop an understanding of population trends globally, describe data collection methods and participate in demographic data collection, calculate some demographic measures, interpret correctly demographic phenomena and implications for public health, apply the knowledge of demography to public health in general and epidemiology in particular and use demographic terms, methods and measures for the formulation of relevant policies.

 

300 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

NSC 206 Environmental Health (2 Units C)

The course describes the effects of environmental factors such as water, air, noise biological, socio-cultural and socio-economic, on the health of the community, method of assessing these factors and steps taken to improve on the quality of the environment.

 

NSC 301 Human behaviour in Health and Illness (2 Units C)

This course describes characteristics of the family in health and diseases, the germ theory as a way of explaining the concept of diseases, demography and population dynamics, patterns of life in the community and how these are affected by diseases, and how patterns of life and community organization affect health care delivery.

 

PHS 302 Organization of School Health Programme (3 Units C)

The course aims to teach the concept of school health services, health needs of the school child, management of common health conditions among school children, procedures for carrying out medical examinations in school children, organizing health care services to meet the needs of school children, promoting good school environment, screening and management of school food vendors and canteens.

 

PHS 308 Health Management I & II (3 Units C)

This course seeks to introduce the student to the concepts of planning, rationale for planning, types of planning, planning steps, historical development of formalized health planning in Nigeria, health planning and project formulation, health policy, policy process, steps in health policy formulation, reasons for policy making, and National Health Policy, modern management concepts, principles of management, management process, human resource management, group dynamics, conflict management, total quality management (TQM), power, time management.

 

PHS 312 Oral Health Care (2 Units E)

This course teaches the anatomy and physiology of the oral cavity, common oral diseases, factors affecting oral health care, preventive and control measures of common oral diseases, treatment of common oral diseases and conditions, mobilizing the community to promote positive oral health habits.

 

PHS 318 Principles of Epidemiology (3 Units C)

The course discusses the scope and concepts of epidemiology, various methods of disease transmission, types of epidemiological survey and tools used,  investigation of epidemics, methods of evaluating disease control, planning and implementation campaign programmes to control epidemic diseases,  disease surveillance. Attention is focused on the historical contexts and developments, definition of terms and concepts, scope, uses, concepts of disease causation, measures of disease frequency, levels of preventions, types and methods of epidemiological investigations.

 

PHS 322 Community Mobilization and Participation (3 Units C)

The course teaches the definition of concepts and rationale for advocacy, community diagnosis, community mobilization and participation, steps and levels in advocacy, community diagnosis and community mobilization, information sorting during advocacy, community diagnosis and community mobilization, instruments used in situational analysis and community diagnosis, processes and methods for the design of advocacy message and community diagnosis, use of advocacy materials, formation and organization of development committees.

 

 

PHS 326 Public Health Practical I (Field Work) (3 Units C)

This course teaches the students how to conduct community diagnosis, to orientate them towards Management of Health services, Primary Health Care approach in the delivery of healthcare, and to ensure the development in each student a team approach towards the promotion of community health, school health services, dental and oral health services, eye care, laboratory practice, public health nutrition and environmental health and for the individual students to develop an inquisitive style of learning.

The students are involved in the following processes: obtaining a detailed map of the community, taking a close inventory of the socio-cultural, physical/chemical and biological environments, using a structured- type data collection instrument to identify specific landmarks and the institutions in the community. Student groups are assigned field sites where they spend some time under staff supervision. In the field, students are involved in community diagnosis (mentioned in the above paragraph), applying the principles of community development, social planning and social action consistent with emphasis on primary health care. The students are to analyze the data collected, have them analyzed and presented.

 

400 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

NSC 311 Primary Health Care I (3 Units C)

The course teaches health concepts and prerequisites, Primary Health Care concept and   principles, health for all, organization of health system based on Primary Health Care, health care resources and monitoring and evaluation of health services.

 

PHS 401 Community Reproductive and Adolescent Health (3 Units C)

This course aims to review the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive systems, discuss the concept of reproductive health rights including family planning, process of pregnancy including pre-natal and ante-natal care, and management of labour, care of mother and child during puerperium, demography and population dynamics, abortion and its complications, infertility, menopause and andropause, the “at risk” pregnant women for referral, adolescent sexuality and development process, adolescent reproductive health right, principles of adolescent and youth friendly services, importance of provision of youth friendly service, management of HIVS/AIDS and STIs.

 

 

PHS 403 Accident and Emergency (2 Units E)

Common emergency conditions, diseases and injuries, signs and symptoms for surgical and medical emergencies and rationale for prompt referral, types of specialists to which identified emergency condition may be referred, prevention of accidents at home and in the community.  

 

NSC 407 Health Economics (2 Units C)

This course introduces the student to the concept of economics in health, the concept of demand and supply in health, health budgeting, healthcare financing, the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), cost containment in health, the relationship between poverty and health, the economic evaluation of health programs and the strategies for implementing the NHIS.

 

NSC 409 Medical Sociology (3 Units C)

This course will examine the field of medical sociology covering the work of medical sociologists, medical sociology and medicine and theories in medical sociology. Other areas include specializations, professionalization and medicine as well as theories and concepts of disease, health institutions, the nurse and the process of seeking medical care, traditional medicine and the role of culture and politics in health and mental illness.

 

EHS 409 Sewage & Waste Water Management (2 Units C)

The course discusses the definition of sewage and sewerage, types and sources of waste water; characteristics and flow rates, impacts of waste water; treatment objectives and disposal regulation, principles of applied microbiology, waste water treatment introduction, primary (screens and communicators, grit removal, flow equalization, sedimentation and flotation) secondary (tricking filters, rotating biological discs: activated sludge, oxidation pond)physic chemical treatment, advanced treatment, (ultra filtration, reverse osmosis, activated carbon filter, UV sterilization, etc.)  Treatment of sludge, disinfection, and disposal on land / water, sewer corrosion, design of waste water treatment units.

 

BIO 411 Parasitology (3 Units C)

This course aims to teach the principles of parasitological and zoo-economic effects,  introduction to parasitism, history and evolution of parasitism, types of parasitism, host-parasite relationships,  parasitic protozoa, trematodes, cestodes, acanthocephalans, leeches and arthropods world.      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

PHS 421 Research Methods in Public Health (3 Units C)

The course takes the student into the basic characteristics of research. The focus is on knowledge and skills in planning and conducting Public Health research including behavioural, epidemiological and health systems studies. The meaning, nature and uses of research in health, research processes and designs, methods of data collection, data analysis and presentation, research proposal and report writing are also discussed.

 

400 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

NSC 203 Human Physiology II (4 Units C)

This course covers the physiology of the endocrine, reproductive and urinary systems. Others include the physiology of the nervous system and sensation, physiology of the musculo-skeletal system and the sensory organs.

 

PHS 402 Introduction to Public Health Laws (2 Units C)

This course teaches the student public health laws that will assist them to maintain high ethical standards of the profession, and to also deliver qualitative, efficient and effective health services to Nigerians, especially those in rural and semi-urban-areas. The course covers the description of the Nigerian health system and community health practice in Nigeria, the definition of ethics, professional ethics and a list of some community health ethics, etiquettes and codes of conduct.   This course also looks at concepts of morality, law and other legal concepts relating to ethics  as  well  as  the  differences  and  similarities  between  law  and morality, Public Health Law offences and the processes of enforcing public health laws and the enforcement agencies.

 

PHS 404 Occupational Health and Safety (3 Units C)

The course discusses the concepts of occupational health and safety, principles and components of occupational health, various hazards in the occupational environment, common occupational diseases and their prevention, appropriate hazard control measures in the work environment, carrying out a walk through inspection of an industry, and management of staff clinic. Various legislations concerning safety measures for the workers and work environments are reviewed. Visits are made to the various industrial settings and other places of interests to identify specific problems.

 

PHS 426 Essential Drugs and Public Health Pharmacology (3 Units C)

This course aims to teach the students the concepts of the National Drugs Policy, National Drug Formulary, management of essential drugs and supply system, essential drugs list, and pharmacology of essential drugs in Primary Health Care, concept of Drug Revolving Fund (DRF), and other public health aspects of drugs and alcoholic beverage use and abuse.

 

PHS 430 Community Health Practical II (Field Work) (3 Units C)

The Fieldworks at this level are extensions of the (PHS 326), Community Health care Practicum. The students are exposed to maternal and child health, family planning skills, occupational health visit, emergency health services, monitoring and evaluation. The students at this stage utilized a structured household questionnaire to collect information on health of families in the community. The structured questionnaires are patterned after those of the primary health care system. The information collected by each of the student groups are recorded, analyzed and submitted as a report of the fieldwork activities which will be assessed and scored by the preceptor. The practice gives the students an opportunity to translate theoretical concepts and principles in public health into practical experiences needed for program formulation, planning and implementation. Students are also expected to complete a designed log books to endorse by their supervisor (preceptor) on a weekly basis.

 

500 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

PHS 505 Community Mental Health (3 Units C)

This course teaches the concepts and principles of mental health practice,  identification of causes and predisposing factors in mental illness, characteristics of mentally ill person, classification of mental illness, process of early diagnosis of mental disorders and rehabilitation of the mentally-ill in the community, resources for the care of the mentally-ill persons in the community, various types of therapy for the treatment of mental illness, trade-medical and Alternative medical practices in mental health care, preventive measures against mental disorders in the community.

 

PHS 507  Outreach and Mobile Health Services (2 Units E)

The course defines outreach services, discusses the rationale for outreach services, types of services rendered during outreach services, processes involved in conducting outreach services, planning, implementation and evaluation of outreach services, and the resources required for outreach services.

 

PHS 509 Geriatrics and Gerontology, Care of Persons with Disabilities (2 Units E)

The aim of the course is to introduce the students to the concepts of geriatrics and gerontology. It discusses the physiology and common problems associated with ageing and their management, geriatric care available of the aged, resources available for the aged. Also, the definition and concepts of disabilities, common disabilities, causes, categories, and available preventive measures for disabilities and rehabilitation in the community are discussed.

 

PHS 511 Applied Epidemiology (Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases)

(3 Units C)

The course teaches the concept of communicable diseases, aetiology, epidemiology and pre-disposing factors, clinical signs and symptoms of communicable diseases, treatment and preventive measures of communicable diseases. Principles and control of communicable diseases, concept of immunity and immunization in relation to communicable diseases. Identification of internationally modifiable diseases, procedure for reporting international modifiable diseases, concept of non-communicable diseases, aetiology, epidemiology of non-communicable diseases, causes and pre-disposing factors of non-communicable and chronic diseases, clinical signs and symptoms of non-communicable diseases, management and preventive measures for non-communicable diseases, role of individual, family, community, government and international agencies in the control of non-communicable diseases.

 

PHS 599 Research Project (5 Units C)

Students are guided in the development, execution and writing of their research project in the approved area of their interest. They are also expected to present a seminar on their research project.

 

500 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

PHS 512 Seminars in any Core Areas of Public Health (6 Units C)

  • Epidemiology, Disease Control and Surveillance
  • Environmental Health
  • Occupational Health
  • Public Health Nutrition
  • Health Systems Management and Administration
  • Family and Reproductive Health etc

PHS 520 Community Posting (Internship) (6 Units C)

The Fieldworks at this level are extensions of the (PHS 430), Community Health care Practicum The students at this stage utilize a structured household questionnaire to collect information on health of families in the community.  The information collected by each of the student groups are recorded, analyzed and submitted as a report of the fieldwork activities. The practice gives the students an opportunity to translate theoretical concepts and principles in public health into practical experiences needed for program formulation, planning and implementation. The students are exposed to mental health services, Epidemiology, community involvement and participation, Health education and promotion, outreach services and care of aged and handicapped.

 

PHS 524 Health Education and Promotion (3 Units C)

This course aims to teach the principles and rationale of health education, various information, communication and education media, general principles of communication, designing health promotional activities to address health needs of the community, processes in planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluation of health education programmes in the community, development and use of health instructional materials, organize and deliver health education activities, setting up of health promotion clubs in community, schools and work places.

 

PHS 512 SPECIAL COURSES (CORE) Seminars (6 Units for all six seminars as follows):

  • Epidemiology, Disease Control and Surveillance (1 Credit)

The course gives the students an overview of epidemiology, disease control and surveillance. Specific areas highlighted include the uses of epidemiology, epidemiology protocols and survey methods, epidemiology of communicable and non-communicable diseases, vital statistical and national health information systems, human ecology and disease processes, public health laboratory practices and methods, and intervention strategies in disease control and Surveillance. Students are expected to participate actively in disease control, surveillance, as well as in the monitoring and evaluation processes of selected endemic diseases at the national, state and local government operational levels.

 

 

  • Environmental Health/Occupational Health (1 Credit)

The course reviews the components of the environment, the various environment and occupational health, the problems, deteriorating forms/characteristics of the man-made environments with attendant consequences. The important topics in the course include: urban and rural environments with particular emphasis on the housing problems; water and sanitation; refuse/solid wastes disposal and management; occupational health hazards; air and water pollution particularly in the riverine areas; the various agencies involved in environmental protection in relation to policies, laws, regulation codes and ordinances. Students choose specific topics of interest for project presentation at class seminars.

  • Public Health Nutrition (1 Credit)

The course revolves around the problem of human nutritional problems, particularly those affecting the most vulnerable groups such as the under-fives (infants), the nursing mothers and the aged. The topics include: classification of food; food security and safety; cultural and environmental factors in food and nutrition; nutrition and infection; malnutrition and under-nutrition; socioeconomic aspects of food; problems of over-nutrition and disease of the affluence; health policies/principles on food choices, diet in health and disease; international/national food & nutrition policies and programs; public health nutrition education plans & strategies. The students have the opportunity of conducing field nutrition surveys.

  • Health Systems, Planning, Management & Administration (1Credit)

The course reviews the overall health system in terms of planning, management and administration. It takes a critical review of the national policy on health and the strategies underscoring its formulation. Health program planning, monitoring and evaluation strategies of the federal, state and local governments are critically examined. Aspects of health economics and quality assurance in the health care systems are reviewed. The importance of personnel training, material resource management and control as well as other means of management by objectives are also reviewed, comparative international health systems are highlighted to illustrate succinct points and for students project presentations at class seminars.

  • Public Health Information, Education and Communication (1Credit)

The course gives the students an overview of the salient areas of health information, education and communication. The specific topics include:

  1. Advanced principles of health information, education and communication;
  2. Behavioral sciences foundation in IEC;
  3. Advanced group dynamics and change processes;
  4. Advanced media strategies
  5. I.E.C programme planning and evaluation strategies; and school health services. The students are expected to conduct literature reviews for particular topics and present at seminars organized for the course.
  • Family and Reproductive Health (1 Credit)

The course begins with a general review of reproductive anatomy, physiology, contraception and contraceptive methods. Topics covered include: the organization and delivery of family health/planning programs and services; national population policy; international agencies policies and programs health and psycho-social/anthropological problems of the adolescents; community mental health policies, programs and strategies; gender issues and safe motherhood initiatives; students have the opportunity of visiting family health clinics where contraception devices are offered to the clients. The clients will also have the opportunity of expressing their views, and experiencing different devices in use. Students will also have the opportunity to health educate the clients on the need to use these commodities as advised.