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CONTENT SPECIFICATIONS

GST101: Use of English and Communication Skills I                                (2-Credit Units)

Listening enabling skills, listening and comprehending comprehension, note taking and information retrieval. Including data, figures, diagrams and charts. Listening for main idea, interpretation and critical evaluation. Effective reading. Skimming and scanning. Reading and comprehension at various speed levels. Vocabulary development in various academic contexts. Reading diverse texts in narratives and expository. Reading and comprehension passages with tables, scientific texts. Reading for interpretation and critical evaluation.

GST102: Use of English and Communication Skills II                              (2 Credit Units)                                                                                                                   

Writing paragraphs; Topic sentence and coherence; Development of paragraphs; illustration; Description; cause and effect including definitions; Formal letters: essential parts and stylistic forms; complaints and requests; jobs; ordering goods Letters to government and other organizations; Writing reports; reporting events, experiments, writing summaries.

GST1O3: Computer Fundamentals                                          (3 Credit Units)

Computer is fast becoming the universal machine of the 21st century. Early computers were large in size and too expensive to be owned by individuals. Thus they were confined to the laboratories and few research institutes. They could only be programmed by computer engineers. The basic applications were confined to undertaking complex 3 calculations in science and engineering. Today, computer is no longer confined the laboratory. Computers and indeed, computing have become embedded in almost every item we use. Computing is fast becoming ubiquitous. Its application transcends science, engineering, communication, space science, aviation, financial institutions, social sciences, humanities, the military, transportation, manufacturing, extractive industries to mention but a few. This unit presents the background information about computers.

GST105: History and Philosophy of Science                                                     (2-Credit Units)

General description of the nature and basic scientific methods and theories; History of western science and science in ancient times, middle ages and the rise of modern science; An overview of African science, man and his environment and natural resources; Nature, scope and technological development and innovations; Great scientists of Nigerian origin.

GST107: The Good Study Guide                                                             (2-Credit Units)

What are study skills?  Why read about study skills/Getting yourself organized. Reading strategy and note taking.  Nature of studying and learning – learning in groups, talks and lectures, learning from TV and radio broadcasts and other media. Working with numbers, tables, diagrams, and graphs.  What is good writing?  How to write good essays and advantages of essay writing as a  craft. Preparation for examinations – common characteristics of examinations, cutting through the myths of examinations, revising for examinations, working out tactical plans for examinations. Practical tips of the examination itself.

CIT102: Application Software Skills                                                          (2-Credit Units)

Brief description of computer system; CPU, I/O devices; Operating systems; Computer File management; Computer Software: overview, types, etc; Application software; common application software, Using Microsoft Word; Using Microsoft Excel; Features of Database Applications and Microsoft Access; Statistical Analysis Applications; Using SPSS software; Introduction to Desktop Publishing applications; Computer applications in Nursing; Computer applications in Agriculture; Managing the Computer system with the Control Panel.

CSS111: Introduction to Sociology (3 credit units, C)

Definition of sociology, family, marriage, society, and culture, socialization; Conforming, deviance, power, authority, leadership, social organizations, Group, social differentiation, religion, social interactions, social stratification, social mobility, collective behaviour, public opinion and propaganda, social change.

CSS134: Geography of Nigeria                                                                     (Credit Unit: 3)

The scope of human geography and its relation to physical geography.  World population:  its distribution and patterns of growth/demographic characteristics of selected populations.  Human settlements: evolution; patterns and functions.  Inter-relationships between urban and rural settlements.  Environmental resources; the concept of resources: types of resources and their global distribution; relationship between resources and tertiary activities; impact of human activities on the environment at varying levels of technology and population densities.  The role of movement; flows of people, goods, energy and ideas.

 

ECO121: Principles of Economics I                                                          (3 Credit Units )

This course is basically an introductory course on the micro-economics aspect of economic theory. Topics covered include the subject matter of economics and basic economic problems; market mechanism, including demand, supply and price determination; theories of consumer behavior; theory of production; theory of the firm, cost of production, pricing and output under perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly among others.

ECO 122: Principles of Economics II                                                          (3 Credit Units)

This course which focuses on microeconomic theory is a continuation of ECO 101, topics covered include the field of macroeconomics; national income accounting; money and banking; components of gross domestic product; aggregate demand and aggregate supply analysis; Government and the Economy; Open Economy Macroeconomics.

POL111: Elements of Political Science                                                         (3-Credit Units)

Definition, nature and scope of politics; Politics as Art and Science; History and evolution of Political Science: British and American; Power, influence and authority; Theories, origins and characteristics of the State; Forms of Government: Democracy, Monarchy, Theocracy etc; Meaning and nature of Political Parties and ideologies; Meaning and nature of Interest Groups and Pressure Groups and methods of operations; Constitution and Constitutionalism; Revolution and Change in society.

POL121: Introduction to African Politics                                                 (3-Credit Units)  

The Nature of African society before colonialism; establishment of colonial rule in Africa; different systems of colonial administration and economic policies.  The problem of neo-colonialism and dependency; contemporary problems in Africa-Political crises, famine, structural adjustment and debt crisis in African.

POL123: Introduction to Public Administration                                   (3-Credit Units)            

Meaning, nature and scope of Public Administration; Rationale of Public Administration; Politics of Administration; Administrative actors; Ecology of Public Administration; Administrative Audit and control; Elements of Administrative Law; Ethics and Public Administration; Basic Administrative Ethics.

POL124: Organization of Government                                                          (3-Credit Units)

Meaning, nature and scope of government; Classification scheme of government; Organs of government; Legislature, Executive and Judiciary; Forms of Government; Presidentialism and Parliamentarianism; Forms of Political Administrative Systems; Unitarism, Federalism and Confederalism; Party Systems and Electoral process; Theories of Separation of Powers, Rule of Law and Delegated Legislation; Political Parties and Pressure Groups.

POL126: Citizens and the State                                                                 (3-Credit Units)  

Relationship between Citizens and the State; Duties and Obligation of citizens; Duties and obligation of the State; Nature of strained relations and process of rectification; Political obligation; Basis of freedom, loyalty and patriotism.

GST202: Fundamentals of Peace Studies & Conflict Resolution          (2 Credits Units)

Basic understanding of Conflict; Definitions, Causes and Types of Conflict, Conflict Theories, Phases in Conflict, Conflict Analysis & Transformation, dynamics of Conflict; Relationship between Perception and Conflict, Language Barriers in Conflict and Resolution, Early Warning and Early Response Mechanism, Arms Control and Demilitarization, Peace and Education. Trends in Global Issues: International, Continental and Regional Organizations in the Pursuance of World Peace, Peaceful Methods of Conflict Resolution, Coercive Means of Conflict Resolution, Gender Issues and Humanitarian Intervention.

GST 203: Introduction to Philosophy and Logic                                         (2-Credit Units)  

General introduction to logic; clarity of thought, expression and arguments as basic for conclusions; formal informal fallacious deduction and induction as processes of reasoning. Fundamentals of logic and critical thinking; types of discourse; nature of arguments; validity and soundness; techniques for evaluating arguments; distinction between inductive and deductive inferences; etc.  illustrations from familiar texts, including literature materials, novels, law reports and newspaper publications.

PCR271          Understanding Conflict and War                                      (3 Credit Units)

Meaning/Definition of Conflict, Types of Conflict, Causes/Sources of Conflict, Conflict Theories, Conflict Analysis/Mapping, Definition of War, Causes of War, Types of War, Theories of War, Effects of War, Origin of International, International Law and War, Criticisms of International Law, War Crime and War Guilt, United Nations and War, International Humanitarian Law, Prisoners of War and War Victims, Human-Rights, Peaceful and Hard means of settling dispute/conflict and war, Methods of ameliorating, if not preventing violent conflicts.

PCR272: Concepts and Practice of Peace Building                                      (3 Credit units )

Definitions of concepts such as: conflict, peace, peace-keeping, peace-making, peace-enforcement and peace-building; causes of conflicts, types of conflicts, processes of conflict resolution and transformation; agents of peace building; multi-track diplomacy; the roles of government, regional, continental and international organizations in global peace and security; challenges of peace and conflict management, peace building and post-conflict reconstruction.

POL212: Basic Statistics for Social Sciences                                             (3-Credit Units)         

Introduction to methods of research in political science; Descriptive and Quantitative methods of enquiry; Research design; Language of variables; Hypothesis and problem formulation; Statistical summarization of political data; Frequency distribution; Tables, Graphs and inferential statistics;  Sampling theory and techniques; Source of information and problems of reliability; Methods of referencing.

POL214: Introduction to Political Analysis                                              (3-Credit Units)       

Meaning and nature of Politics; Political analysis; Orientations in political analysis; Political Systems and the structure of Government; Political Representation; Institutions of different regimes; Regime types and political efficiency; Citizens Participation and political culture; Political Socialization.

POL215: History of Political Thought   1                                                       (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning and nature of Political Thought; Examination of selected classical thinkers; and organization of the State; Aristotle and his political philosophy; Aristotle and Classification of constitutions; Machiavelli, the State and the use of mercenary; Thomas Hobbes and the Leviathan; Rousseau and the Social Contract; John Locke and the State origin; John Locke and representative democracy; Karl Marx and the State; Karl Marx’s historical and dialectical materialism.

POL216: Evolution of Nigerian Local Government                                 (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning and understanding of Local Government; Evolution of local government in Nigeria; Evolution of the structure of the state system; Theories of Local Government; Functions of Local Government; Relationship between state and local government; Party politics and local governments; Local Government Finance; Problems of local government in Nigeria; The three tiers of government as autonomous but coordinate unit; Local Government in Nigeria; Problem of Local Government in Nigeria; Local Government System and Constitutional frameworks in Nigeria.

POL221: Nigerian Government and Politics 1                                               (3-Credit Units)    

Introduction to Nigerian politics; Nigerian government and politics in the colonial period; Constitutional development from Clifford to the Independence and Republican Constitutions; Origin/Structure of Federalism in Nigeria; Government and Politics in the First Republic and Second Republic.

POL223: Foundations of Political Economy                                               (3-Credit Units)  

Basic concepts in Political Economy; Meaning, nature and scope of political economy; Perspectives in political economy; Analysis of modes of production; Primitive Accumulation of  Capital; Globalization; Political economy of Nigeria.

POL226: Organization and Administrative Theories                               (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning, conceptions and theories of organization; Basis and principles of organization; staff, line and auxiliary agencies; organization of departments; bureau; board of parastatals and commissions; field establishments, public enterprises; public corporations; problems of personnel organizations; Marx Weber’s theory of bureaucracy; recruitment, training and promotion of personnel; public relations; public employees administration; generalist versus specialist school of thought; administrative procedure; organizational method; administrative law; delegated legislation; administrative adjudication; administration and finance; the budget; morale, conduct and discipline; civil service system; corruption in public service.

POL228: Introduction to Comparative Politics                                       (3-Credit Units)

The meaning of Politics; Understanding Comparative Politics; Rationale of Comparative Politics; Logic of Comparative Politics; Objectives of Comparative Inquiry; Approach of Comparative Politics; Problems of Comparative Politics.

POL231: Essentials of International Relations & Diplomacy                       (3-Credit Units)     

Meaning, nature and scope of International Relations; International Relations and international politics; International Relations and International Law; International Relations and international society; Origin and Development of International relations; Approaches to the study of International Relations; Paradigms in International relations: Realism and Idealism; Actors in International Relations; Basic concepts in International Relations: Sovereignty, Nationalism, Balance of Power, National Interest, Foreign Policy, Diplomacy, Non-Alignment, Globalization etc.

INR242: Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy                                               (2-Credit Units)

Definition of Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy; Scope of Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy, Historical Perspective/Origin of Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy, Nature of Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy, Management of Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy, Methods of Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy, Analyses/Appraisal of Pre-Colonial African Diplomacy, Means and Methods by which relations were carried out among African states in comparison with similar practices elsewhere during the same period.

INR251: Evolution of the Contemporary International System (2 Credit Units)

Definitions of International System, Historical Perspective/Origin of International System, Scope of International System, Evolution of Modern International System, Limitations, Problems and Constraint of Modern International System, Examination of Issues such as sovereignty, nation-state, nationalism and balance of power as factors in modern global politics, Examination of the emergence of the international system especially since the Treaty of Westphalia, Exploration of the nature of international politics since then,  Types of Modern Inter state law prevalent in the Modern World, Methods of tracing the origins and source of international system in the World, Nature and uses of contractual obligations and inter-state agreements in the International Community,  General principles of force in the International Community, settlement of disputes in the International Community: the Hague system, the concert of Europe etc.

GST301          Entrepreneurship Studies 1                                                     (2 credit Units )

Definition of Entrepreneurship, Relationship Between Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management, Factors of Entrepreneurship; Dealing with External Factors of Entrepreneurship; Factors of Production; Profit and Other Objectives of an Entrepreneur, the Business Environment, Understanding Viability Study; Needs and Characteristics of Consumers; Mission and Enterprise Objectives; Export Market Shares; Target Market; Income Determination; Break-even Point, Size of the Business, Location Factors; Financial Requirements Forms of Ownership; Business Plan. Risk Analysis; Legal Requirements; Staffing, Purchasing; Production; Management.

POL301: Research Methods in Political Science                                           (3-Credit Units)

Sources  and Types of Knowledge; Meaning and understanding of research methodology; Types of research methods in Social Sciences; Qualitative and Quantitative methods; Categories of research methods in social sciences; Taxonomies, Theories, Paradigms, and Laws; Problem statement; Formulation of hypotheses; Types of research designs; Sample and sampling Techniques; Questionnaire; Interviews, Focused Group Discussion; Problems in social science research; Ethical issues in data gathering in social sciences.             

POL311: Contemporary Political Analysis                                                   (3-Credit Units)              

Contending paradigms in Political Analysis; Elite Theory and ideological roots; Group Theory and ideological roots; General Systems Theory; Structural-Functional Analysis; Behaviouralism; Communications Theory; Games Theory; Theory of Political Development; The New Political Economy.

POL312: Logic and Methods of Political Inquiry                                    (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning and nature of logic; Branches of logic and the study of politics; Political Science and scientific method; Scientific Concepts in Political Inquiry; Generalization in Political Inquiry; Explanation and predictions in Political Inquiry; Theories and models in Political Inquiry.

POL315: Theory and Practice of Marxism                                                (3-Credit Units)         

Meaning and nature of Marxism; Marxism and meaning of Ideology; Marxism and historical and dialectical Materialism; Origin of Marxist political economy; Marxism and the understanding of Class Struggle.

POL316: Introduction to Political Evaluation                                         (3-Credit Units)

Meaning and nature of Political Evaluation and Research; Basic concepts in political research; measurement, variables, concepts etc; Meaning of survey research; Processes involved in survey research; Techniques of data gathering; Sample and sampling techniques; Frequency Distribution; calculation of mean, mode and median; Variance and standard deviation and basic inferential statistics.

POL317: Public Policy Analysis                                                                  (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning, nature and scope of Public Policy; Approaches to the study of public policy; Concepts and strategies of planning, programming and budgeting system; Basic techniques of network construction and analysis; Cost-benefit analysis; Planning in third world countries; Cost effectiveness analysis and critique.

POL318: Political Behaviour                                                                       (3-Credit Units)                

Meaning and origin of Political Behaviour; Various determinants of Political Behaviour; Political Culture; Political socialization and agents of socialization; Political Participation and apathy; Electoral Behaviour; Public Opinion; Political Communication

POL322: Comparative Federalism                                                            (3-Credit Units) 

 Meaning, nature and scope of comparative federalism; Approaches and methods of comparative analysis; The genesis of political dynamic of comparative federal systems; Federalism in the USA Federalism in Canada;  Federalism in former USSR; Federalism in Switzerland; Federalism in India; Nigeria’s federalism.

POL324: Politics of Development and Underdevelopment                    (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning, nature and scope of development and underdevelopment; Theoretical underpinnings of the concepts of development and underdevelopment; Modernization and Dependency theories; Political and socio-economic context of the problems of development and underdevelopment; Internal and international economic structures; Relationship between the world economies; The role of Multinational Corporations and Transnational Corporations in the understanding of development and underdevelopment  in the Third World countries; The role of Bretton woods institutions in the understanding of development and underdevelopment of Third World countries.

POL326: Environmental Politics (3 Credit Units)

The level and pace of socio-economic advancement in the world today has important implications for the efficacy with which legislature and institutional regimes are developed and applied for the promotion of environmental management. In the developing countries, particularly, the imperatives of rapid social and economic development could influence the political will to initiate, implement and enforce appropriate environmental policies and laws. These development imperatives often circumscribe the limits of resources available for environmental protection.

PCR331          History of Conflict in Nigeria          (3 Credit Units)

Definition of conflict, origin of conflicts in Nigeria, The political structures, causes of conflict, process of war making, weapons of war, Rules guiding war marking, methods of conflict/war peace building, in Pre-Colonial Era, Colonial Era, Post-Colonial Era and Contemporary Period.

POL 337:  Principles of Administrative Law (3 Credit Units)

This is a three-credit unit course for undergraduate students of Political Science. The materials have been developed to meet global standards. Also, it is meant to expose students to the prominent concerns which Administrative Law represents and covers. In order to give students solid foundation, the course starts with an introductory module. Therefore, in this section, issues highlighted include the definition, nature and scope of Administrative Law; functions and powers of Administration; Definition of Administrative Powers, sources and types; Administrative Law and Constitutional Law; Relevant Constitutional principles.

POL 341: Public Administration in Nigeria                                                     (3 Credit Units)

Meaning and scope of Public Administration; The field of Administration; Ecology of Nigerian Public Administration; The Nigerian Civil Service; Public Corporation in Nigeria; Privatization and Nigeria’s Public Administration; Politics and Financial Administration; Meaning of Urban Systems; Characteristics of Urban systems and Rural systems; Planning and execution of major services in urban political systems; Structure of political power in urban systems; Problems of administration of urban systems; Case Studies.

POL 343: Theory and Practice of Public Administration                        (3-Credit Units)

Evolution of Administrative Organizational Theory: from the Classical through the Neo-classical to the Modern; Relations of administration to politics and the Political Process; administrative behaviour in various institutional settings, interplay of political institutions and administrative patterns of behaviour. Study of personnel administration, decision-making in bureaucratic organizations.

POL344: Foreign Policy Analysis                                                        (3- Credit Units)

This Course is a three-credit unit course for undergraduate students of Political Science and International Relations. Foreign Policy Analysis introduces the students to foreign policy as a concept in political science (international relations) \. The course x-rays the components of foreign policy of independent states show-casing the factors that determine or affect the foreign policies of nations. The course also teaches the students the importance of foreign policy as guide of national actions in the international behaviour of sovereign states. The course further exposes students to the basic rules and regulations guiding decision-makers in foreign policy decision making.

POL. 345: Nigeria's Foreign Policy                                                                  (3- Credit Units)

 It is a three unit credit course designed to provide knowledge on vital issues on the foreign policy relations of Nigeria. The course is structured into four modules as described below:

Module 1:  Background to Nigeria's Foreign Policy

This module helps the student into understanding first, the meaning of policy; foreign policy; components of foreign policy including basic principles guiding the states, goals to achieve and available means for the pursuit. Secondly, the historical development, constitutional provisions and modification of Nigeria's foreign policy objectives. Third, how the national interests, structure of economy, strategic location; political structure; socio-cultural influence; personal idiosyncrasies; military; demographic; domestic political situations serves as determinants of Nigeria's foreign policy as well as the impact of exogenous or external influences on Nigeria's foreign policy. Fourth, institutional framework for Nigeria's policy making and implementation; Ministry of External Affairs as an institution responsible for conducting foreign policy; the significant role of think tanks in enhancing quality of Nigeria's foreign policy making and implementation as well as the instruments for conducting Nigeria's foreign policy.

Module 2:  Nigeria's Afro-Centric Policy

This module sets to provide a good understanding on the origin of Nigeria's Afro-centric bent including the factors that necessitated Nigeria's foreign policy of Afro-centeredness, Nigeria's Afro-centric policy objectives; Nigeria's role in the eradication of apartheid policy and decolonization, Nigeria's contribution towards the unity, economic integration and development as well as Nigeria's efforts in the promoting peace and security in African continent.

Module 3:  Nigeria Relations with Great Powers

This provides an insight into Nigeria relations with Great powers. It familiarize students with the Nigeria relations with United Kingdom (Britain); United States (America); USSR (Russia) and France respectively. More importantly, it identifies and addresses issues in the changing relations between Nigeria and each of the Great powers.

Module 4:  Nigeria's Role in International Organizations

This module increases knowledge and evaluates Nigeria's contributions in international organizations. It familiarizes the student with: the contributions of Nigeria to the effective functioning of United Nations Organization (UNO), what Nigeria as a member has benefited from her active involvement in the activities of the UNO. How Nigeria has contributed to the activities of the Commonwealth of Nations (CONs); what Nigeria has benefited from the activities of the CONs. The reasons why Nigeria joined the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC); what Nigeria has benefited as a member of OPEC. Nigeria in the formation and transformation of Organization of African Unity (OAU) into African Union (AU), the contributions of Nigeria to the formation and activities of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Nigeria’s benefits in the ECOWAS.

PCR352: Sustainable Environmental Development and Peace           (3 Credit Units)

Definition/Meaning of concepts such as Environment, Development, Conflict, Peace and Sustainable, Environmental Constraints such as Ozone Depletion, Environmental Pollution, Types of Pollution, Causes/Sources of Pollution, Impact of pollution on biodiversity, Fresh Water Management, Environmental Conservation and Protection, Rural and Urban Sustainability, Health Promotion; and  Environmental factors as causes of Conflict, Violence and War.  Human Development within a framework of Ecological Economics, Development, Under-development and Inequality, (Inter-) dependence and (In-) justice in the distribution, Use and Control of Natural and Human Resources, Poverty Alleviation and Gender Equality, Sustainable Production and Consumption, Use and Control of Natural and Human Resources.

 INR361: Religion, Ethnicity and Nationalism in International Politics.

It is available for students in the undergraduate International Relations programme. The course provides an opportunity for students to acquire a detailed knowledge and critical understanding of the ways in which the related phenomena of religion, nationalism and ethnicity have been historically constructed in globally since the eighteenth century, and to be able to question their taken-for granted status in the modern world. Students who have gone through this course would be able to apply different approaches to religion, nationalism and ethnicity in wide and diverse areas of conflict including the nature and development of warfare, geopolitics and historical context of deterrence. Students would also be expected to know the mainstream literature in religion, nationalism and ethnicity in international politics and their discussion, and be able to apply concepts of religion, nationalism and ethnicity to International Politics.

INR 386: Theories of International Relations                                         (2 Credit Units)

An examination of the following basic concepts and theories: Power, Conflict, and Accommodation, System’s theory; linkage politics; the theory of coalitions and alliances; games and simulation.

INR 481: International Economic Relations                                            (3-Credit Units)

This course focuses on international political economy, but also includes a bit of work in comparative political economy, which is not otherwise taught at the graduate level. International political economy is the study of how and why international economic policies are formed, and how international factors influence domestic policy-making, while comparative political economy examines economic policy-making in a domestic context. Prior work in economics is helpful for navigating this course, but students will also learn a good bit of economic theory as they proceed. The course will deal with important contemporary topics such as foreign trade, capital flows, monetary policy and exchange rates, issues in globalization, and international organizations and institutions such as NAFTA, GATT, the IMF, and the EU.

POL401: Research Project                                                               (6-Credit Units)

Students Research Project, to be supervised by capable academics with a specialty in the area of Political Science

POL411: Introduction to Political Psychology                                         (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning and nature of political psychology; Relationship between politics and psychology; Basic concepts in psychology; id, ego and super ego; The application of contemporary psychological theories; Concepts and methods in the study of political behavior; The nature of character;  Context and structure of  political beliefs and attitudes; Political Motivation; Political Culture; Political Socialization; Public Opinion; The processing of political information and other factors that influence judgments and decision-making; Introduction to personality of politicians; Power and politics; Psycho-biographies of outstanding political leaders; Psychology of non-elected politicians; Perceptions among foreign policy advisers; Group processes and decision-making; Elections and electoral behavior and agencies.

POL 412: Political Sociology                                                                        (3-Credit Units)

The course deals with the social causes and consequences of given power distribution within, between societies, and with the social and political conflicts that lead to changes in the allocation of power and authority. It also treats the interface between social structures and political structures and between social behavior and political behavior. Issues: Social movements and political behaviour, political culture and political socialization, etc; the social basis of democracy; Citizenship and welfare; Social Movements; Globalization; Political culture and the State.

POL 422: Revolution and Society                                                                  (3-Credit Units)       

The meaning of revolution; Types of Revolutions; Revolution, Guerrilla warfare, revolts and coup d’états; Objective and subjective conditions for Revolution; Cromwell, French, and American Revolutions; Russian, Chinese and Cuban Revolutions; The role of the people in revolutions: workers, peasants, vanguards, proletariat; Impact and consequences of Revolution on society.

POL424: Political Parties and Pressure Groups                                     (3-Credit Units)      

Meaning, nature and scope of Political Parties; Origin and development of political parties; Types of political parties and party systems; Formation of political parties and ideologies; Meaning, nature and scope of pressure groups; Methods of achieving goals of pressure groups; Differences and similarities between political parties and pressure groups; Collective Bargaining in the public personnel administration.

POL431: Third World Dependency and Development                                 3-Credit Units)   

Understanding the theory of Dependency as it relates to the Third World; Colonial rule in Asia, Africa and the Caribbean; The New States and their role in international order; The Third World and the Principle of Non-alignment; The New International Economic Order (NIEO), North-South and South-South Dialogues.

POL432: Government & Administration of Urban System                     (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning  and features of urban systems; distinctions between urban and rural systems; planning and execution of major services in urban political systems; structure of political power in urban system; problems of administration of urban systems; case studies.

POL441: Development Administration                                                      (3-Credit Units)

Meaning, nature and scope of development Administration; Meaning and Development; Origin of development Administration; Basic concepts in development Administration; Development Administration and Public Administration; Bureaucracy in Development Administration; Development Administration in Developing countries; Development Administration in Nigeria; National Development Plan (NDP) in Nigeria; Objectives of National Development Plan; The 1st NDP (1962-68);The 2nd NDP (1970-74); The 3rd NDP (1975-80);The 4th NDP (1981-85); Achievements and failure of the Development Plans.

POL443: Comparative Public Administration                                            (3 Credit Units)

Comparative analysis of private large-scale organizations and public (state) administrative organizations; of public administration in federal and unitary states; of state bureaucracies and state parastatals; of public administration in selected countries: liberal democracies, communist systems and the Third World.

POL444: Nigerian Local Government                                                      (3-Credit Units)   

Origin, reforms and systems of local government, local government revenue, problems and control, theories, structures and functions of local government administration; inter-governmental relations and local government administration.

POL452: International Law and Organizations                          (3-Credit Units)           

Meaning and nature of International Law; Distinction between International Law and Domestic Law; Meaning and nature of International organization; Examination of some International Organization such as AU, ECOWAS, EU, and UN; Rationale for regional co-operation for development; Internationalist approach to development; Integrationist approach to solving problems of underdevelopment in Africa; Problems of international Law in International Relations; Sanctions and International Law.