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CONTENT SPECIFICATIONS

CIT102: Application Software Skills                                                          (2-Credit Units)

Brief description of computer system; CPU, I/O devices; Operating systems; Computer File management; Computer Software: overview, types, etc; Application software; common application software, Using Microsoft Word; Using Microsoft Excel; Features of Database Applications and Microsoft Access; Statistical Analysis Applications; Using SPSS software; Introduction to Desktop Publishing applications; Computer applications in Nursing; Computer applications in Agriculture; Managing the Computer system with the Control Panel.

ECO121: Principles of Economics I                                                          (3 Credit Units )

This course is basically an introductory course on the micro-economics aspect of economic theory. Topics covered include the subject matter of economics and basic economic problems; market mechanism, including demand, supply and price determination; theories of consumer behavior; theory of production; theory of the firm, cost of production, pricing and output under perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly among others.

ECO 122: Principles of Economics II                                                          (3 Credit Units)

This course which focuses on microeconomic theory is a continuation of ECO 101, topics covered include the field of macroeconomics; national income accounting; money and banking; components of gross domestic product; aggregate demand and aggregate supply analysis; Government and the Economy; Open Economy Macroeconomics.

FRE101 : French grammar I                                                  (2 Credit Unit)

This is a one – semester, 2 credit units course in the first year of B.A. (hons) degree in International Relations. the course introduces you to the basic grammar of French language. FRE 101 prepares students for a more advanced grammar that will be taught in FRE 102 – French grammar ii. it is important to note that in any natural language, grammar is the life wire that paves way for learners to read, understand, and analyses the grammatical structure. thus, this course is designed to enhance your competence in French grammar. it also enables you to put what you are learning into practice via grammar exercises during the programme.

FMS 105 : Elements of Management I                                     (2 Credit Unit)

FMS 105 - Elements of Management I is a two -credit course for students offering programmes in the School of Business and Human Resources Management. The course consists of 15 units i.e. three modules at five units per module. The material has been developed to suit undergraduate students taking management courses at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) by adopting an approach that highlights the key areas of management in private and public enterprises. A student who successfully completes the course will surely be in a better position to manage different sections in private and public organizations.

FRE122: French Grammar II                                                     (2 Credit Unit)

This course is a one semester course in the first year of the B.A. (Hons) Degree in French Studies and International Studies. It is a two (2) credit course of twenty units. It intends to introduce students to written comprehension and elementary composition in French. This course is a pre-requisite to FRE 121: Textual Analysis 1. It is essential to students because it enables them to put into practice the grammar of French they acquire in the course of this programme. This course guide tells you briefly what the course is about and the course materials you will use. It suggests some general guidelines for the amount of time you are likely to spend on each unit of the course in order to complete it successfully.

GST101: Use of English and Communication Skills I                                2-Credit Units)

Listening enabling skills, listening and comprehending comprehension, note taking and information retrieval. Including data, figures, diagrams and charts. Listening for main idea, interpretation and critical evaluation. Effective reading. Skimming and scanning. Reading and comprehension at various speed levels. Vocabulary development in various academic contexts. Reading diverse texts in narratives and expository. Reading and comprehension passages with tables, scientific texts. Reading for interpretation and critical evaluation.

GST102: Use of English and Communication Skills II                              (2 Credit Units)                                                                                                                   

Writing paragraphs; Topic sentence and coherence; Development of paragraphs; illustration; Description; cause and effect including definitions; Formal letters: essential parts and stylistic forms; complaints and requests; jobs; ordering goods Letters to government and other organizations; Writing reports; reporting events, experiments, writing summaries.

GST1O3: Computer Fundamentals                                          (3 Credit Units)

Computer is fast becoming the universal machine of the 21st century. Early computers were large in size and too expensive to be owned by individuals. Thus they were confined to the laboratories and few research institutes. They could only be programmed by computer engineers. The basic applications were confined to undertaking complex 3 calculations in science and engineering. Today, computer is no longer confined the laboratory. Computers and indeed, computing have become embedded in almost every item we use. Computing is fast becoming ubiquitous. Its application transcends science, engineering, communication, space science, aviation, financial institutions, social sciences, humanities, the military, transportation, manufacturing, extractive industries to mention but a few. This unit presents the background information about computers.

GST105: History and Philosophy of Science                                                     (2-Credit Units)

General description of the nature and basic scientific methods and theories; History of western science and science in ancient times, middle ages and the rise of modern science; An overview of African science, man and his environment and natural resources; Nature, scope and technological development and innovations; Great scientists of Nigerian origin.

GST107: The Good Study Guide                                                             (2-Credit Units)

What are study skills?  Why read about study skills/Getting yourself organized. Reading strategy and note taking.  Nature of studying and learning – learning in groups, talks and lectures, learning from TV and radio broadcasts and other media. Working with numbers, tables, diagrams, and graphs.  What is good writing?  How to write good essays and advantages of essay writing as a  craft. Preparation for examinations – common characteristics of examinations, cutting through the myths of examinations, revising for examinations, working out tactical plans for examinations. Practical tips of the examination itself.

INR 111 Introduction to International Studies                      (2 Credit)

This is a one Semester course. It will be available for student to take towards the core module of the Bsc.  International Relations. This course is suitable as a foundation course on the subject matter of international studies as a discipline. This course consists of 20 Units. It examines in detail the nature of the discipline of International Studies. The course covers such diverse topics as International History, Theories of international Studies, the Power Theory, Diplomacy, the meaning of Power and the Balance of Power. It further examines the key concept of Foreign Policy, Foreign Policy and National Interest, Methods and techniques of Formulating and Executing Foreign Policy and the Principles of Bargaining and Negotiation. The subjects of National Security and International Technical Assistance were also addressed in this course in addition to others. There are compulsory prerequisites for this course.

INR 112: Introduction to International Law and Diplomacy in Precolonial Africa (2 Credit Unit)

This also a one semester course. It will be available for all students to take towards the core module of the studying Bsc. International Relations programme. This course is suitable for any foundation student seeking to understand the whole essence of International Law and of Diplomacy generally and with respect to the situation in pre-colonial Africa period and how this knowledge would shape the understanding of student of International Relations towards various dynamic of contemporary African politics.

INR 121 Structure of the International System         (2 credit Unit)

The aim of this course is to give the students of international relations a comprehensive knowledge of the historical development of the present international system. Thus the course will appraise and analyses the patterns of relationships among states and non-state actors in the international system. Consequently, this has been prepared to: (i) expose the students to the relevant definitions and meanings of international relations (ii) trace the historical development of international relation as a course. (iii) analyses the reasons and consequences of the changes in the international system over the years. 6 (iv) enlighten the students on the characteristics of state actors and non-state actors.

INR 122: Concepts in International Relations (2 Credit Unit)          

This is a second-semester course in the first year of B.A. (Hons.) Degree in International Relations. It is a two credit unit course designed to explore the various concepts most popularly linked to international relations. The course begins with a critical discussion of the nature of international relations, its importance and scope. This course also examines the importance or relevance of concepts to international relations study. The second issue will cover concepts from A-J. This module would cover key concepts such as Alliances, Actor, brinkmanship, Debt Trap, Failed State which are all current in international relations practice; failed state for instance has been bandied about for some years now following the virtual collapse of nation-state such as Somalia, Liberia and even the Soviet Union in the 1990s.

INR 132: International Politics of Africa (2 Credit Unit)

This is a course that is available for students who are studying International Relations at undergraduate level and it is a two credit course. The course is available in the second semester. It discusses historical perspective of relationship that existed before the advent of colonial rule; relations of Africa with Europe in the colonial days and the changing pattern of relations between Africa and the countries of Europe and Africa since independence. The place of Africa in the hot rivalry between the East bloc and the West bloc; the emerging new world order politically and economically are also discussed in this course.

 INR 142: Theory and Practice of Public Administration (2 credit Unit)

This is a two credit unit course available for students in the undergraduate International Relations at the two hundred level. The course provides an opportunity for students to acquire a detailed knowledge and understanding of theory and practice of public administration. Administration is a word that has a variety of meanings. To administer means to combine efforts and perform a piece of work that cannot be performed by one person for the attainment of defined objectives. In looking at public administration, the public administrators have engaged in, we have both the theory and practical aspects. Students who have gone through this course would be able to apply different approaches in public administration to the implementation of public policies.

INR162 International Migration I                              (2 Credit Unit)

This is a one semester course in the first year of B.Sc. (Hons) degree in International Relations. It is a two-unit credit course designed to present you a foundational knowledge on vital issues in international migration. The course begins with a brief introductory module, which will help you to have a good understanding on the concept of migration; the concepts of irregular migration; legal and institutions regulating the movement of people across international boundaries; It further examine the African international migration including origin, diversity and the Nigeria perspective in connection with international migration, policies and development. Interestingly, this course elaborately offers you the opportunity to understand most current issues in global migration.

PCR 114 Introduction to Conflict Resolution Processes II (3 Credit Unit)

introduces students to the various conflict resolution processes. It is a 3- credit units’ course and is the second part of PCR 117: Introduction to Conflict Resolution Processes I. At the end of the course students are expected to have adequate grasp of the meaning of conflict, the evolution of conflict resolution, what causes conflict, types, and dimensions of conflicts among others. Against this background, students will be equipped with the tools to face every day practical challenges.

PCR 115 Introduction to Conflict Resolution Processes I                         (3 Credit Unit)

This course is to introduce students to the concepts and practice of conflict resolution as a fundamental issue in achieving harmony in human society. Some of these concepts includes: mediation, negotiation, bargaining and Alternative Dispute Resolution. These are everyday practices that should make students aware of. The students understanding of this course will serve to position the researcher on a stronger pedestal from which to approach other related issues in the study of politics and International Relations.

POL111: Elements of Political Science                                                         (3-Credit Units)

Definition, nature and scope of politics; Politics as Art and Science; History and evolution of Political Science: British and American; Power, influence and authority; Theories, origins and characteristics of the State; Forms of Government: Democracy, Monarchy, Theocracy etc; Meaning and nature of Political Parties and ideologies; Meaning and nature of Interest Groups and Pressure Groups and methods of operations; Constitution and Constitutionalism; Revolution and Change in society.

POL121: Introduction to African Politics                                                 (3-Credit Units)  

The Nature of African society before colonialism; establishment of colonial rule in Africa; different systems of colonial administration and economic policies.  The problem of neo-colonialism and dependency; contemporary problems in Africa-Political crises, famine, structural adjustment and debt crisis in African.

FRE 221 as FRENCH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION I (2Credit Unit)

FRE 221 as FRENCH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION I, is an aspect of Grammar that introduces you to the heart of grammar and composition writing in French Language. Like the Basic Grammar courses earlier learned in Year One, this one prepares students for a more advanced grammar that will be taught in Grammar, being the life wire of any human language is highly important for it allows the learners to read, understand and analyze the grammatical structure, with which the contents of other language courses are documented. This course is thus essential and will be beneficial to any French and International Relations student because it will enhance your linguistic capability to cope with the grammatical structure of the French Language. It will also enable you to put into practice the grammar of French that you acquire in the course of this programme.

GST202: Fundamentals of Peace Studies & Conflict Resolution          (2 Credits Units)

Basic understanding of Conflict; Definitions, Causes and Types of Conflict, Conflict Theories, Phases in Conflict, Conflict Analysis & Transformation, dynamics of Conflict; Relationship between Perception and Conflict, Language Barriers in Conflict and Resolution, Early Warning and Early Response Mechanism, Arms Control and Demilitarization, Peace and Education. Trends in Global Issues: International, Continental and Regional Organizations in the Pursuance of World Peace, Peaceful Methods of Conflict Resolution, Coercive Means of Conflict Resolution, Gender Issues and Humanitarian Intervention.

GST 203: Introduction to Philosophy and Logic                                         (2-Credit Units)  

General introduction to logic; clarity of thought, expression and arguments as basic for conclusions; formal informal fallacious deduction and induction as processes of reasoning. Fundamentals of logic and critical thinking; types of discourse; nature of arguments; validity and soundness; techniques for evaluating arguments; distinction between inductive and deductive inferences; etc.  illustrations from familiar texts, including literature materials, novels, law reports and newspaper publications.

INR211: International Law and Diplomacy in Europe in the 19th Century (2 Credit)

INR211: International Law and Diplomacy in Europe in the 19th century. This course is a two-credit unit course for undergraduate students of International Relations. International Law and Diplomacy introduces you to the historical development of diplomatic relations in Europe in the 19th century. The course x-rays the pattern of inter-state relations prior to introduction of international law and diplomacy in the 19th century in Europe. This course also exposes you to the wars fought in European continent in the early 19th century. The contributions of religions organisations to maintain peace at the period is also highlighted. This course also provides you with the requirements of becoming a good diplomat and functions of diplomatic missions.

INR 212: International Law and Diplomacy in the 20th Century (2 Credit Units)

 This Course is a three Credit unit course for undergraduate students of International Relations. International Law and Diplomacy in the 20th Century introduces the students to the practice and usage of International law and Diplomacy in the Politics among Independent Nations in the 20th century. The course also teaches the students the requirements of a diplomat and functions of diplomatic missions on the use of International Law to manage international conflicts.

INR221: History and Practice of Diplomacy (2 Credit)

INR 221: History and Practice of Diplomacy. This Course is a two credit unit course for undergraduate students of International Relations. History and practice of Diplomacy introduces the students to the Practice and historical development of diplomatic relations. The course x-rays the pattern of changes that have been taking place in the practice of diplomacy over the years. The course also teaches the students the contributions of diplomacy in ensuring international peace and security in the present nuclear age and period of weapons of mass destruction. The course also teaches the students the requirements of becoming a good diplomat and functions of diplomatic missions.

INR 222: Europe from French Revolution to World Wars ( 2 Credit Units)

INR 222 would prepare students for a more advanced study of the French Revolution, its impacts on the European society and the overall implications for international relations among states in the international system as a whole. The course is designed to enhance your understanding of the situation in France before the French Revolution and creates awareness on the historical perspectives and causes of the Revolution. Overall, the course takes a cursory look at the impacts of the French Revolution on the religious, economic, social and political development of modern day Europe. In addition, it highlights the impact and influence of the Revolution on the interwar years and the cry for independence in the Fifties by Francophone African Nations. The course is structured into modules that are made up of units. Each module comprises of 4 to 6 units. A unit guide comprises of instructional materials. It is expected to give you a brief of the course content, course guidelines and suggestions and steps to take while studying

INR 231 South-South Cooperation (2 Credit Units)

 INR 231: South-South Cooperation. It is a two-credit unit course available for undergraduate students in International Relations programmes. The course provides an opportunity for student to acquire a detailed knowledge and understanding of the framework among Third World countries known as the South-South Cooperation. This is a term historically used by policy makers and academics to describe the exchange of resources, technology, and knowledge between developing countries, also known as the Global South.

INR 232 INTRODUCTION TO FOREIGN POLICY (2 Credit Units)

Thus the interdependent nature of the relations among nation states (asymmetry in some cases) necessitate the need for states to strategize their policies vis-a-avis others. This must be done in an international environment of the ever-present threat of war and destruction. In a world where absolute sovereignty, independence and self-isolationism, do not exist, the unfolding of events and phenomena transforming the international society have made it even more challenging to International relations itself.

INR 242 Pre- Colonial African Diplomacy

The aims of this course is to help you as an undergraduate student have a full grasp of how Pre-colonial African State maintained diplomatic relations with one another and with the outside world, the effectiveness of this diplomacy and the sustenance of peace and peaceful co-existence through the diplomatic relations. It is required that you as a future policy-maker in international relations will be able to relate this historical experience to shape the present for peaceful African co-habitation. This will aid meaningful development in all spheres of economic and social life. On the other hand, if you choose to be an academic, you should be able to research into the past to facilitate a conducive working present.

INR251: Evolution of Modern International System (2 Credit)

INR251 Evolution of Modern International System. This is a two-credit unit course available for students in the undergraduate French and International Studies programme. The course provides an opportunity for you to acquire a detailed knowledge and understanding of what the international system is, its structures and characteristics, its evolution from one stage to another and what shape it is likely to assume in the future. The international system has not been a static system, but one evolving from one stage to another. Thus, even though this course is not a history course, to understand the evolution of international system involves recourse to historical evidences. This means in this course we shall rely heavily on the history of world politics.

INR261: International Environment Politics (2 Credit)

INR 261 International Environmental Politics (2 Credit Units) Whether it is water security, the global food crisis, climate change, environmental refuse, nuclear energy, human survival or the rights of non-humans, environmental or green politics has established itself as one of the most exciting sites of political contestation around the globe today. This course will analyse the international discourses in environmental politics ranging from the informal dynamics of networks, groups and social movements through to the more institutionalised responses of organisations, corporations, mass media, legal systems, political parties, governments and administrative systems. Cases are selected from across the globe: from the more affluent worlds of Europe and North America; to the majority worlds of Africa, South America and Asia.

INR 262 International Migration II  (2  Credit Unit)

INR 262, International Migration II is a one semester course in the second year of B.Sc. (Hons) degree in International Relations. It is a two-unit credit course designed to increase your knowledge on vital issues on international migration. The course begins with a brief introductory module which will help you to have a good understanding of what international migration entails including the historical overview; explores the contending theories on migration; the course, brings to limelight, various effects or consequences of cross-border migration as well as the contemporary issues affecting the movement of people across national frontiers.

POL212: Basic Statistics for Social Sciences                                             (3-Credit Units)          

Introduction to methods of research in political science; Descriptive and Quantitative methods of enquiry; Research design; Language of variables; Hypothesis and problem formulation; Statistical summarization of political data; Frequency distribution; Tables, Graphs and inferential statistics; Sampling theory and techniques; Source of information and problems of reliability; Methods of referencing.

POL214: Introduction to Political Analysis                                              (3-Credit Units)        

Meaning and nature of Politics; Political analysis; Orientations in political analysis; Political Systems and the structure of Government; Political Representation; Institutions of different regimes; Regime types and political efficiency; Citizens Participation and political culture; Political Socialization.

POL215: History of Political Thought   1                                                       (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning and nature of Political Thought; Examination of selected classical thinkers; and organization of the State; Aristotle and his political philosophy; Aristotle and Classification of constitutions; Machiavelli, the State and the use of mercenary; Thomas Hobbes and the Leviathan; Rousseau and the Social Contract; John Locke and the State origin; John Locke and representative democracy; Karl Marx and the State; Karl Marx’s historical and dialectical materialism.

POL221: Nigerian Government and Politics 1                                               (3-Credit Units)    

Introduction to Nigerian politics; Nigerian government and politics in the colonial period; Constitutional development from Clifford to the Independence and Republican Constitutions; Origin/Structure of Federalism in Nigeria; Government and Politics in the First Republic and Second Republic.

POL223: Foundations of Political Economy                                               (3-Credit Units)  

Basic concepts in Political Economy; Meaning, nature and scope of political economy; Perspectives in political economy; Analysis of modes of production; Primitive Accumulation of  Capital; Globalization; Political economy of Nigeria.

POL218: Political Ideas                                                                               (3-Credit Units)  

Introduction to major political ideas in their historical context.  Emphasis should be placed on concepts like Monarchism, Liberalism, Democracy, Socialism, Fascism, Anarchism, etc.

POL231: Essentials of International Relations & Diplomacy                       (3-Credit Units)     

Meaning, nature and scope of International Relations; International Relations and international politics; International Relations and International Law; International Relations and international society; Origin and Development of International relations; Approaches to the study of International Relations; Paradigms in International relations: Realism and Idealism; Actors in International Relations; Basic concepts in International Relations: Sovereignty, Nationalism, Balance of Power, National Interest, Foreign Policy, Diplomacy, Non-Alignment, Globalization etc.

GST301          Entrepreneurship Studies 1                                                     (2 credit Units )

Definition of Entrepreneurship, Relationship Between Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management, Factors of Entrepreneurship; Dealing with External Factors of Entrepreneurship; Factors of Production; Profit and Other Objectives of an Entrepreneur, the Business Environment, Understanding Viability Study; Needs and Characteristics of Consumers; Mission and Enterprise Objectives; Export Market Shares; Target Market; Income Determination; Break-even Point, Size of the Business, Location Factors; Financial Requirements Forms of Ownership; Business Plan. Risk Analysis; Legal Requirements; Staffing, Purchasing; Production; Management.

INR302: Media and International Relations (2 Credit Units)

The course examines the development of international relations in Nigeria and its overview. The course further discusses about foreign missions, the roles of the media in foreign missions, and the costs and benefits of diplomatic missions. The course further explores the role of the media in international relations, the influence of the media in international diplomacy, the media and international relations in building positive image and the media as vehicles for international relations.

INR309: Field Trip        (3 Credit Units)

The students of International Relations at 300 Level are expected to travel out for an academic field trip very close to their respective study centers to learn some diplomatic and international relations practical experience from relevant International Institutions under a supervision of an academic expert resource person. (Subject to the Observation by the HOD)  

INR 312: American Diplomacy in the 20th Century (2 Credit Units)

The course prepares you for a basic understanding of the principles underlying international diplomacy. It is designed to help you understand and reflect independently on contemporary debates about the structure and dynamics of change in American diplomacy. This course  provides a survey of the key events in American’s relations with the rest of the world, with specific focus on the inter play between domestic pressures and external threats.

INR321: Foreign Policy Analysis. (3 Credit Units)

 This Course is a three credit unit course for undergraduate students of International Relations. Foreign Policy Analysis introduces the students to foreign policy as a concept in international relations. The course x-rays the components of foreign policy of independent states show-casing the factors that determine or affect the foreign policies of nations. The course also teaches the students the importance of foreign policy as guide of national actions in the international behaviour of sovereign states. The course further exposes students to the basic rules and regulations guiding decision-makers in foreign policy decision making.

INR322:  Strategic Studies in the 20th Century (2 Credit Units)

 This course is available for students in the undergraduate International Relations programme. The course provides an opportunity for students to acquire a detailed knowledge and understanding of theories in strategic studies and their significance to the study of conflict and conflict resolution. Students who have gone through this course would be able to apply different approaches in Strategic Studies to wide and diverse areas of conflict, including the nature and development of warfare, geopolitics and historical context of deterrence. Students would also be expected to know the mainstream literature in strategic studies and their discussion, and be able to apply concepts of strategic studies to case studies.

INR 331 International Law (3 Credit Units)

The course provides an opportunity for you to understand the meaning and origin of international law, its evolution in Europe and some of the theories and conceptual debates surrounding it. At the end of this course, you should be able to understand and explain the meaning of international law, which emanates from European diplomatic practices, its use as instruments by, and for, modern states and its importance to international relations. You would also be expected to be familiar with the literature on international law and understand its role in world politics.

INR 332: War and Peace in West Africa since 1960 (2 Credit Unit

This course is available for students in the undergraduate programme of International Relations. The course provides in-depth study of war and peace in the sub-region of West Africa since 1960. Every student is, therefore, expected to acquire a detailed knowledge and understanding of the history, concepts and conflicts/ resolutions of war before, during and after 1960 in the West African sub-region, and also their impact and relevance to human relations.

INR 341: Asia in the World Politics (2 Credit Unit)

This course examines the nature of international politics in Asia especially since World War II. As a significant component of world politics, Asia Pacific confronts many major issues. This is a region in which the United States, China, and Japan relate directly to one another. Thus this volume also explores the role and place of important countries like Japan, Korea and China in Asian and global politics. In Southeast Asia the various states have faced numerous “nation building” challenges, none more so than Indonesia. Many groups oppose the authority of the existing states, and these tensions often spill over into the international arena.

INR 342: International Relations in South Africa (2 Credit Units)

The course provides a reader-friendly account of the role of Southern Africa in global politics. For the first time, some of us shall now begin to differentiate, properly, the country “South Africa” from the region “Southern Africa.” Beyond this, at the end of this course, we shall all, in our own little ways, become experts in Southern Africa.

INR 351 Europe in World Politics (2 Credit Units)

The course begins with a brief introductory module on the history and social geography of Europe which, among other things, discusses the different notions of Europe. ‘Europe in ‘World Politics’ provides an interesting background to the context within which international politics has been framed and thus to the more detailed study of international relations. It is designed to facilitate your understanding of the centrality of Europe, not so much in geography or even politics as it once was, but in the development of many of the ideas, concepts and perspectives that now drive international relations.

INR 352, International Relations in East and Central Africa (2 Credit Units)

The course provides an opportunity for students to acquire a detailed knowledge and understanding of the Pattern of external relations in East and Central Africa. Such relations cover several areas. These involve the handling of ethnic crises at both internal and trans-border levels, which often surface in form of military mutinies and rebel movements. Also, the problem of refugees and declining economy is critical in the relations of states in this region with neighbouring and developed nations. In looking at the pattern of relations among states in these regions, specialists in international relations have engaged in analysis of ethnic crises, crisis management, refugee problem, the role of international organisations and the level of involvement of external forces.

INR452: Energy Diplomacy and Oil Politics

This is a two credit unit course for students of International Relations, this course expose student to understand the global politics on the oil and other energy related issues both at the regional level and at the International business transaction of oil.

INR361 Religion, Ethnicity and Nationalism in International Politics (2 Credit Units)

 The course provides an opportunity for students to acquire a detailed knowledge and critical understanding of the ways in which the related phenomena of religion, nationalism and ethnicity have been historically constructed in globally since the eighteenth century, and to be able to question their taken-forgranted status in the modern world. Students who have gone through this course would be able to apply different approaches to religion, nationalism and ethnicity in wide and diverse areas of conflict including the nature and development of warfare, geopolitics and historical context of deterrence. Students would also be expected to know the mainstream literature in religion, nationalism and ethnicity in international politics and their discussion, and be able to apply concepts of religion, nationalism and ethnicity to International Politics.

INR 372 Regional Integration and Institutions (2 Credit Units)

This course offers a comparative perspective on regional integration ‘s place and role in global order. The case studies are drawn primarily from regional institutions in Africa and Europe, but with coverage of Latin American, Asian and the Middle Eastern Regional Integrations. The course is built around three main topics: (1) origins of regional integrations, especially in the context of the competing ideas of universalism and regionalism in the post-World War II period; (2) comparative assessment of variations in the design and performance of regional institutions; (3) the future of regionalism in the post-American era, especially the place of regionalism in the ongoing power shift in the global system.

INR386: Theories of International Relations (3 Credit Units)

The study of international relations takes a wide range of theoretical approaches. Some emerge from within the discipline itself; others have been imported, in whole or in part, from disciplines such as economics or sociology. Indeed, few social scientific theories have not been applied to the study of relations amongst nations. Many theories of international relations are internally and externally contested, and few scholars believe only in one or another. In spite of this diversity, several major schools of thought are discernable, differentiated principally by the variables they emphasize.

INR391 Nigeria’s Foreign Policy (2 Credit Units)

The course introduce student to understanding first, meaning of policy; foreign policy; components of foreign policy including basic principles guiding the states, goals to achieve and available means for the pursuit. Secondly, the historical development, constitutional provisions and modification of Nigeria's foreign policy objectives. Third, how the national interests, structure of economy, strategic location; political structure; socio-cultural influence; personal idiosyncrasies; military; demographic; domestic political situations serve as determinants of Nigeria's foreign policy as well as the impact of exogenous or external influences on Nigeria's foreign policy. Fourth, institutional framework for Nigeria's policy making and implementation; Ministry of External Affairs as an institution responsible for conducting foreign policy; the significant role of think tanks in enhancing quality of Nigeria's foreign policy making and implementation as well as the instruments for conducting Nigeria's foreign policy.

INR 393: International Political System (2 Credit Units)

This is a one semester course in the third year of B.Sc. (Hons) degree in International Relations. It is a two-unit credit course designed to increase your knowledge on vital issues on international political system. The course begins with a brief introductory module which will help you to have a good understanding of what international political system entails. With this, you will have better understanding of the evolution of international politics and how the global system changes. Not only that, this course will open your mind towards comprehending the significance of international political system and the key actors involved in world politics.

POL311: Contemporary Political Analysis                                                 (3-Credit Units)              

Contending paradigms in Political Analysis; Elite Theory and ideological roots; Group Theory and ideological roots; General Systems Theory; Structural-Functional Analysis; Behaviouralism; Communications Theory; Games Theory; Theory of Political Development; The New Political Economy.

POL312: Logic and Methods of Political Inquiry                                    (3-Credit Units)  

Meaning and nature of logic; Branches of logic and the study of politics; Political Science and scientific method; Scientific Concepts in Political Inquiry; Generalization in Political Inquiry; Explanation and predictions in Political Inquiry; Theories and models in Political Inquiry.

INR 411: The New World Political and Economic Order (2 Credit Units)

This is a compulsory but interesting course unit for all students in Political Science, Economics, Law and Diplomacy, History and International Studies, International Relations and Strategic Studies, etc. The course begins with conceptual clarifications and the theoretical framework of analysis. This is quickly followed by the analyses of contemporary issues on political and international economic relations including the theories of diplomacy and the problematiques of development as conceptual variables. The work captures vividly, lucidly, very clearly, the demands of third world countries from rest of the world. This course work is very easy to read and not difficult to understand. In short, it is reader-friendly. It is simple. But not necessarily simplistic!

INR 412: Foreign Policies of the Great Powers (2 Credit Units)

This is a one-semester course in the fourth year of B.s. (Hons) Degree in International Relations. It is a two Unit Credit Course designed to explore the foreign policies of the Great Powers. The course begins with an introduction to foreign policy from theoretical viewpoint and proceeds into different cases of great powers explored in the course. INR 412 is designed to facilitate understanding of relationship among great powers in the contemporary international system. The course explores how these great powers have influenced contemporary international system as well as their roles in various multinational organisations like the UN, EU and NATO. The course further explores the changing patterns of the relations among the great powers since the end of the cold war in 1989/90.

INR421: Seminar Presentation in International Relations (2 Credit Units)

Students of International Relations at 400 level are expected to present an academic paper in   an area of International Relations specialty under a panel of academic experts in Political Science who are to access and marked the paper based on the originality, quality and contribution of the paper in the field of knowledge (Subject to the HOD Observations)

INR422: International Institutions (2 Credit Units)

It is a 2 credit unit course designed to explore the nature of international institutions and international organisations. It has five modules, and is intended to enable you to appreciate international institutions, their modes of formation, and types of international institutions among others.

 

INR 431: International Relations of Francophone West Africa (2 Credit Units)

 INR 431 is a two credit unit course for first semester. It is suitable for all students of International Relations. The course consists of five modules made up of sixteen units and a course guide. The course has been developed to explain in details the strategic phases and methods used by France to maintain and control her French speaking West Africa.

INR 432: Afro-Asian Relations.

 INR 432 is a two unit course that has minimum duration of one semester. It is suitable for all students of International Relations. The course consists of nineteen units and a course guide. The course has been developed to explain in details the nature of relations between African and Asian countries. With the end of the cold war and prevalence of globalization, Africa-Asia relations are on the increase. Beyond Africa’s traditional trading partners, there are increasing economic and political relations between Africa and Asia that deserves attention.

INR 441: Contemporary Strategic Studies (2 Credit Units)

The course begins with a discussion of the nature of contemporary strategy as well as the relationship between strategy, policy and military aim before proceeding further into different issues relating to global security and the unfolding challenges in the contemporary era’. INR 441 is designed to facilitate understanding of the nature and conduct of modern warfare, contemporary strategic concepts such as containment, brinkmanship, massive retaliation, flexible and gradual response, mutual assured destruction, overwhelming force, deterrence, etc, The course further explores the revolution in weapons technology, the military industrial complex as well as the impacts of the revolution in military technology on the conduct of the 21st Century warfare. Issues relating to the causes, evolution and the global war against terrorism were also explored in the course. The course further reviews the global war against terrorism and offered various perspectives on how terrorism could be curtailed in international politics.

INR 451:  Research Method in International Relations (2 Credit Units)

This is a three credit unit course available for students in the undergraduate International Relations at the four hundred level. The course provides an opportunity for students to acquire a detailed knowledge and understanding of what research in the field of International Studies is, its importance, types, scope and methods of research in International Studies. Curiosity about events in the international system such causes of wars or cooperation among nations, the behaviour of organizations, and individuals in the international system are reasons why one would like undertake a research to find answers. The course, explain in details notions like Traditional ways of Knowing, which include: appeal to authority of experts; personal intuition or acute common sense; pure logic; appeal to experience; and fideism. It also touches on scientific assumptions and scientific ways of research such as: Nature is Orderly, we can know nature, all natural phenomenon has natural causes, Knowledge is derived from the acquisition of experience. In addition, the courses treat the major components of the research, explain what is a research problem and how to select a research problem. It also treats topic selection, factors guiding topic selection and sources of topics. It goes further to look at issues such as variables, identification of variables and their place in research, as well as types of variables. It treats, as well, the question of hypothesis, testing of hypothesis and identification of characteristics of hypotheses.

INR 461: Human Right (2 Credit Units)

In this course, student  will be exposed to the nitty-gritty of human rights, and other concerns like-historical and political backgrounds, the emergence of the modern state and man’s position in it – with particular regard to English and French writers since the reformation, especially Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau; basic principles, and the three generations of Human Rights, regional human rights; promotion and protection by the UN: Refugees and Human rights; Populations and Human rights; Human rights and development; Human rights and foreign policy.

INR 471: US Foreign Policy (2 Credit Units)

 It is a two-unit credit course designed to increase your knowledge on vital issues on American Foreign Policy. The course begins with a brief introductory module which will help you to have a good understanding of what US Foreign Policy entails including the historical overview; explores the contending theories on US Foreign Policy; the course, brings to limelight, various US Foreign Policies as well as the contemporary issues affecting the Global Community. The study units are structured into modules. Each module is structured into 4 units. A unit guide comprises of instructional material. It gives you a brief of the course content, course guidelines and suggestions and steps to take while studying

INR 481: International Economic Relations (3 Credit Units)

This course examines the nature of the International economic relations. The character of international economic order since 1945, the dominant states in the global economy, global economic order since the establishment of The Bretton Woods institutions, theories of international trade, World trade dilemmas, GATT, UNCTAAD, WTO, IMF etc Politics of foreign aid, and the relationship between donors and recipient’s Economic sanctions and International Enforcements. Given this scenario, this course will examine in the first module pre-World War 2 economic management, the economic Alliances or otherwise that characterized the cold war era, the advent of the new states into the international economic system, transnational corporations and contemporary economic management.

INR482: Russia in World Politics (2 Credit Units)

This is a one semester course in the first year of B.A. (Hons) degree in International Studies. It is a two-unit credit course designed to present you a foundational knowledge on vital issues relating to Russia engagement in world politics, it is a global perspective. The course begins with a module on the background to the study of Russia in world politics, including the geography, economy, political structure; Russian revolutions; Soviet Union in the Cold War era; and Soviet disintegration. The second module will increase your understanding on Post-Soviet restructuring and foreign policy including the historical perspective of Soviet Union foreign policy; post-Soviet restructuring; Russia's foreign policy in post-Cold War era; and Russia's foreign policy in post-Soviet.

INR491: China in World Politics (3 Credit Units)

It is a two Unit Credit Course designed to explore the development of China from a sick and dependent economy to a world power. The course begins with a discussion of the historical antecedents of China, to the various wars and challenges they had to surmount before the creation of the Republic and moved on to describe the early political systems that made up the Chinese ideology and beliefs.

INR492: Research Project (6 Credit Units)

A student is expected at 400 level to write an academic research in any area of interest in International Relations under the supervision of an academic expert from reputable academic institution who should be a holder of PhD in International Relations or any other relevant disciplines.

PCR 415: The Nature of Global Terrorism (3 Credit Units)

 PCR 415 is a three-unit course that has minimum duration of one semester. It is suitable for all students of Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution. This course consists of 20 units. It examines in detail the nature of global terrorism. And cover such diverse topics as definition of terrorism, history or genesis of terrorism, perception and ideological streams of terrorism, elements and anomalies of terrorism, local, regional and global factors that allow and support terrorism continuation, profile of terrorists and their organizations, terrorist weapons, resources, and equipment. The types of terrorist acts, terrorist tactics, and targets and victims, were also addressed in this course in addition to others.

 

PCR 417: International Relations and Security (3 Credit Units)

This is a one semester course. It will be available for all students to study the core module of the international studies programme. This course is suitable for all final year students of Political Science and International Relations. This course consists of 21 units that examine in detail the nature of international relations, and the security challenges confronting the international system. It is therefore concerned about the various characters of relationships among states. In the course of the relationships, compromise, confrontation and cooperation (the three Cs) are brought to bear. In the states’ efforts at protecting their individual national interests, there have been series of clashes that continue to question the nature of security in existence. The course is therefore bound to examine the various forms of confrontations that have plagued the system; in this examination, we are also introduced the measures that have been taken to minimize the incidence of conflicts and ensure that the prospects of maintaining international peace and security are realized.