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FIRST SEMESTER   100 level

S/N

Course Code

Course Title

Credits

Status

1

GST101

Use of English and Communication Skills I

2

C

2

CIT101

Computers in Society

2

C

3

GST121

Use of Library

1

C

4

GST105

History and Philosophy of Science

2

C

5

BIO101

General Biology I

2

C

6

BIO191

Practical Biology

1

C

7

CHM101

Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry I

2

C

8

CHM131

Organic Chemistry for Agriculture I

2

C

9

CHM191

Practical Chemistry I

1

C

10

AGR101

Mathematics for Agriculture I

2

C

11

PHY121

General Physics

2

C

12

PHY 191

Practical Physics I

1

C

 

Sub Total  Credit Unit

20

 

         
 

SECOND SEMESTER 100 LEVEL

 

S/N

Course Code

Course Title

Credits

Status

1

GST102

Use of English and Communication Skills II

2

C

2

GST104

Introduction to Social Sciences

2

C

3

AGR 102

Mathematics for Agriculture II

2

C

4

BIO 102

General Biology II

2

C

5

BIO 192

Practical Biology

1

C

6

CHM 102

Physical Chemistry

2

C

7

CHM 132

Organic Chemistry for Agriculture II

2

C

8

CHM 192

Introductory Practical Chemistry II

1

C

9

PHY 192

Practical Physics II

1

C

 

Sub Total Credit Units

15

 

 

 
   

FIRST SEMESTER  200 LEVEL

 

S/N

Course Code

Course Title

Credits

Status

1

GST201

Nigerian People and Culture

2

C

2

ANP201

Introduction to Biotechnology

2

C

3

ARD201

Principles of Agricultural Extension

2

C

4

ARD203

Introduction to Home Economics

2

C

 

5

ARD251

Introduction to Agricultural Economics

2

C

6

AGR201

General Agriculture

3

C

7

AGR203

Principles of Crop Production

2

C

8

AGR205

Introduction to Agro-Climatology

2

C

9

AGR207

Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals

2

C

11

FRM211

Forestry and Wildlife Management

2

C

10

SLM201

Principles of Soil Science

2

C

 

Sub Total Credit Units

19

 

 

SECOND SEMESTER   200 LEVEL

 

S/N

Course Code

Course Title

Credits

Status

1

ARD202

Introduction to Rural Sociology

2

C

2

ANP202

Principles of Animal Production

2

C

3

ANP204

Introduction to Agricultural Biochemistry

3

C

4

AGR202

Introduction to Agric. Engineering

2

C

5

CIT204

Computer Appreciation and Application to Agriculture

2

C

6

AGR206

Crop Anatomy, Taxonomy and Physiology

2

C

7

FST202

Principles of Food Science and Technology

3

C

8

AFS220

Introduction to Fisheries and Wildlife

2

C

9

ENT204

Entrepreneurship and Change Management

2

C

 

Sub Total  Credit Units

20

 

 

 
   
 

B. AGRIC. (ANIMAL SCIENCE OPTION)

 

 

300 LEVEL

 
 

FIRST SEMESTER

 

S/N

Course

code

Course Title

Credits

Status

1

ANP301

Introduction to Non-Ruminant Animal Production

2

C

2

ANP303

Introduction to Animal Product Processing and Preservation

2

C

3

ANP307

Elementary Topics in Animal Breeding

2

C

4

AGR305

Analytical Techniques for Animal Production I

2

C

5

AGR309

Agro-climatology and Biogeography

3

C

6

CRP301

Arable Crop Production

2

C

7

CRP303

Permanent Crop Production

2

C

8

SLM303

Introduction to Pedology and Soil Physics

2

E

 

Sub Total Credit Units

17

 

         
 

SECOND SEMESTER

 

S/N

Course Code

Course Title

Credits

Status

1

ANP302

Introduction to Ruminant Animal Production

2

C

2

ANP304

Forage and Fodder Crop Production

2

C

3

ANP306

Animal Physiology, Reproduction and Growth

2

C

4

ANP308

Metabolism of Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic Acid

2

C

5

ANP310

Analytical Technique for Animal Production II

2

C

8

ANP312

Introduction to Genetics and Breeding

2

C

6

ANP314

Environment and Animal Production

2

C

7

AGM314

Introduction to Farm Mechanisation

2

E

9

AGR302

Agricultural Statistics and Data Processing

2

C

10

ENT310

Cultural Change and Entrepreneurship

2

C

 

 

Sub Total Credit Units

18

 

 

400 LEVEL (FARM PRACTICAL YEAR)

 
 

SIWES

 

S/N

Course Code

        Skills to be Acquired

Credits

Status

1

ANP401

Animal Husbandry Techniques I   Ruminant

2

C

2

ANP403

Animal Husbandry Techniques II Non-  Ruminant

2

C

3

ANP407

Animal Health Management

2

C

4

AFS401

Fisheries

2

C

5

CRP405

Agricultural Processing and Storage

2

C

6

CRP403

Crop Protection Techniques

1

C

7

CRP401

Crop Production Practices (Arable and Horticultural Crops)

1

C

8

SLM401

Soil Fertility and Water Management

1

C

9

SLM403

Farm Design Survey and Land Use Planning

1

C

10

AEC401

Farm Management Records and Accounts

1

C

11

ARD401

Extension Practices

1

C

12

AGM401

Farm Mechanisation Practices

1

C

13

SLM405

Agricultural Meteorology

1

C

14

AGR403

Biotechnology in Agricultural Production

2

C

15

AGM403

Workshop Practices

1

C

16

AGR401

Report Writing ( Book form)

3

C

 

 

 Total

24

 

 

 

Each student will write a report on each of these areas that will be evaluated.

 
 

 

 

 

FIRST SEMESTER  500 LEVEl

 

S/N

Course Code

Course Title

Credits

Status

1

ANP501

Poultry Production

2

C

2

ANP503

Swine and Rabbit Production

2

C

3

ANP505

Monogastic Nutrition

2

C

4

ANP507

Animal Breeding and Livestock Improvement

2

C

5

ANP509

Ruminant Animal Production

2

C

6

ANP 511

Animal Production Resources

2

C

7

ANP513

Animal Production Research Techniques

2

C

8

AGR501

Statistics and Research Methods

3

C

9

AGR515

Techniques of Scientific Writing and Presentations

1

C

10

ARD509

Agricultural Business Management and Finance

3

C

 

Sub Total Credit Units

21

 

 

SECOND SEMESTER   500 LEVEL

 

S/N

Course Code

Course Title

Credits

Status

1

ANP502

Ruminant Nutrition 

2

C

2

ANP504

Biotechnology in Animal Production

2

C

3

ANP506

Animal Health and Diseases

2

C

4

ANP508

Feed Formulation

2

C

5

ANP510

Livestock Economics

2

C

6

ANP512

Pasture and Range Management

2

C

7

ANP514

Seminar

1

C

8

ANP599

Project

4

C

 

Sub Total Credit Units

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\My Documents\UPDATED 2011 ADMISSION\2011 ADMISSION FOR SST_files\nounlogo.jpg

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND FISHERIES

DETAILED PROGRAMME PROPOSAL FOR B. AGRIC (ANIMAL SCIENCE OPTION)

 

100 LEVEL COURSES

 

FIRST SEMESTER

GST 101: Use of English and Communication Skills (2 Units)

This course is to enable students learn the skills of listening and comprehension, retrieve information, for interpreting and evaluation, effective reading skills, comprehending at varying speed levels, reading for vocabulary development in various academic contents.

 

CIT 101: Computers in Society (2 Units)

What is computer, types of computer, history of digital computer, element of a computer hardware and software, how to work with a computer, operating system, windows, files, word processing, copying a text, saving, changes to a document and formatting, spelling checker and introduction to printing a document, spread sheet, entering and correcting data, using formula, numeric formats, creating charts, types of charts, power points and presentation, networking, internet and e-mail, reading and responding to an e-mail message.

 

GST 121: Use of Library (1 Unit)

Brief history of libraries, library and education, university library and other types of libraries, types of library materials, using library materials including e- learning, e-materials, understanding library catalogues and classification, copyright and its implications, database resources, bibliographic citations and referencing development of modern CIT, hardware technology software technology, input, output and storage devices, communication and internet services, word processing skills

 

GST 105: History and Philosophy of Science (2 Units)

General description of the nature of science and basic scientific methods and theories; history of western science and science in ancient times, middle ages and the rise of modern science; an overview of African science; man and his environment and natural resources; nature, scope and technological development and inventions; great scientist of Nigerian origin.

 

BIO 101: General Biology I (2 Units)

Characteristics of living things, cell as the basic unit of living things, cell structure, organisation, cellular organelles, tissues, organs and systems. Classification of living things, general reproduction and concept of inter-relationships of organism, heredity and evolution, elements of ecology (introduction) and habitats.

BIO 191: Practical Biology I (1 Unit)

Simple practical based on BIO 101 theoretical courses

 

CHM 101: Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry I (2 Units)

Hypothesis, theory and law with appropriate illustrations, nature of matter – 3 states of matter, atomic structures, electronic energy levels and orbitals, Periodic classification of elements and its relationship to their electronic configuration, Chemical bonding, survey of properties and trends in groups I II, IV, V & VII metals.

 

CHM 131: Organic Chemistry for Agriculture 1(2 Units)

Definition, nomenclature; functional groups; homologous series; families of organic compounds – composition, structure, formulae, synthesis, isolation and purification; isomerism; electronic theory in organic chemistry; alkanes, alkenes and alkynes; Benzene ring and aromatic compounds.

 

CHM 191: Practical Chemistry I (1 Unit)

Practical based on CHM 101 and CHM 131: Cations and Anions-Identification, Acid-base titrations, redox reactions and determinations.

 

AGR 101:  Mathematics for Agriculture 1 (2 Units)

Algebra and trigonometry:  Real number system; real sequences and series; set and subsets; unit interaction, complements; empty and universal sets; Venn diagram; one way correspondence between sets; quadratic function and equations; solution of linear equations; simple properties of determinants; indices and binomial theorem; transformations; e.g. log transformation; equations of straight line and application to simple regression equations; permutations and combinations; circular measure, trigonometric functions of angles; addition and factor formulae; complex numbers; moments and couples; relative velocity; calculus; elementary functions of simple real variable; graphs of simple functions,  the differentiation of simple algebraic: exponential and log functions; the differentiation of a sum; product, quotient, function of function rules; implicit differentiation : definite and indefinite integrations of functions; application of definite and indefinite integrals to areas and volumes.

 

PHY 121: General Physics (2 Units)

Relevance of Physics to Agriculture. Selected topics and application to agriculture in mechanics, properties of matter, waves and sound, vibrations, electromagnetism, heat optics, light, thermal physics. Atomic and nuclear physics

 

PHY 191:  Practical Physics 1 (1 Unit)

Graphs, measurement; error analysis; determination of acceleration due to gravity by means of simple pendulum; determination of force constant of a spiral spring and the constant; determination of surface tension of water; determination of specific latent heat of fusion of ice; determination of the coefficient of limiting static friction between two surfaces; determination of the coefficient of static friction on two surfaces using an inclined plane; determination of the relative density of kerosene using the specific gravity bottle; determination of the relative density of a granular substance not soluble in water using the specific gravity bottle.

 

                                                            SECOND SEMESTER          

GST 102:  Use of English and Communication Skills II (2 Units)

Writing paragraphs; topic, sentence and coherence, development of paragraphs;Illustration, description, cause and effect including definitions, formal letters, essential parts and stylistic forms; complaints and requests, jobs ordering goods, letters to government and other organisations; writing reports; reporting events, experiments, writing summaries.

 

GST 104: Introduction to Social Science (2 Units)

Classification of social systems, interpersonal relationships, personality traits and leadership qualities.  The role of the media, meaning, scope and indices of development: historical perspectives, ideological bases, economic, political and social factors of development, self -reliance and national development.  Growth and spatial distribution of population, delivery of public goods through public enterprises and agencies, peaceful co-existence among nations.

 

AGR 102: Mathematics for Agriculture II (2 Units)

Types of vectors and their application; matrices; simple linear equations; loci; integration; differential equations; first and second-order chemical equations; straight lines and planes; angle between lines and planes; distance of point from a plane; distance between 2 skew lines; circles.  Introduction to statistics; diagrammatic representation of descriptive data; measures of location and dispersion for grouped data; curves and graphs; histograms; scatter diagram; theory of probability; binomial distribution; collection, tabulation and representation of agricultural data; mean; mode and median; analysis of variance; linear regression and correlation.

 

BIO 102: General Biology II (Botany and Zoology) (2 Units)

Cellular basis of life; general structure and functions of plant cells and cellular organelles; plant cell division; heredity; diversity in plant cells and habitats; Morphology general characteristics, life cycles and range of forms of bacteria, viruses, fungi, algae, bryophytes, Lichens and pteridophytes, general structure of animal cell.  Functions of animal cells and cellular organelles; animal cell types and division.  Forms, functions and life history of invertebrates using selected examples from classes of invertebrates such as Protozoa, Coelenterates, Arthropods, Plantyhelminthes, Aschelminthes, Annelida and Mollusca.

 

BIO 192: Practical Biology I (1Unit)

Simple practical based on BIO 102 theoretical courses

 

CHM 102: Physical Chemistry (2 Units)

Atoms; Sub-atomic particles, Isotopes, Avogadro’s number; The Mole Concept; Chemical Formulae; The Laws of Chemical Combinations; Equations and Calculations; State of Matter; Gases, Liquids and Solids; Chemical Thermodynamics; Energetic and Thermo chemistry; Buffers, Chemical Equilibrium and Equilibrium Constants; Solubility Products; Chemical kinetics; Electrochemistry; Nuclear Binding Energy, Fission and Fusion.

 

CHM 132: Organic Chemistry for Agriculture II (2 Units)

Simple reactions of hydrocarbons, alcohols and acids, introductory organic basic chemistry and importance of lipids, proteins and carbohydrate and other natural products, petroleum chemistry, oils and fats, hydrogenation of oils.  Polymer and biological important molecules, relevance of physics to agriculture. Selected topics and application to agriculture in mechanics, properties of matter, waves and sound, vibrations, electromagnetism, heat optics, light, thermal physics. atomic and nuclear physics

 

CHM 192: Introductory Practical Chemistry II (1 Unit)

Practical based on general chemistry CHM 101 and introductory organic chemistry I CHM 102- Determination of melting and boiling points and reaction of functional groups.

 

PHY 192:  Practical Physics II (1 Unit)

Selected experiments on topics covered in PHY 111 and PHY 122, application of a variety of simple experimental techniques with emphasis on quantitative measurements, experimental errors and graphical analysis.

 

 

 

 

 

200 LEVEL COURSES

 

FIRST SEMESTER

GST 201:  Nigerian Peoples and Culture (2 Units)

Nigerian’s perception of his world, culture areas of Nigeria and their characteristics, evolution of Nigeria as a political unit, concept of functional education, social justice, individual and national development, norms and values and moral obligation of citizens

 

ANP 201: Introduction to Biotechnology (2 Units)

Nucleic acids, nucleotides and nucleosides, structure and function of DNA and RNA, translation into proteins, the genetic code, DNA errors and repair: Genes; Gene structure, function, replication, expression; Gene repair, mutation, recombination and cloning; Principles of DNA recombination. Molecular Tools/Techniques, Biotechnology application in animal agriculture: DNA probes, transformation of microorganisms, recombinant DNA vaccines, transformation of animals. Other biotechnology applications: Delivering peptides and enzymes, targeting rumen protozoa, developing a new feed additive, reducing phosphorus pollution, pathogens in manure and the environment, improving fibre digestion.

Practical: Extraction of DNA and RNA from animal tissues; in vitro translation, transcription, recombination and cloning.

 

ARD 201:  Principles of Agricultural Extension (2 Units)

The meaning of extension science, the scope of agricultural extension, the need for agricultural extension, basic extension principles in agricultural production. The extension agents, rural communities and communication principles and strategies: Discussion of principles behind agricultural extension.

 

ARD 203:  Introduction to Home Economics (2 Units)

Philosophy, scope, objectives and historical development of Home Economics. Examination of basic human needs with respect to food, clothing, shelter and health; programme approaches in Home Economics which will help meet these needs. Preparation for careers in variety of occupations, role of women in agriculture.

ARD 251:  Introduction to Agricultural Economics (2 Units)

The scope of agricultural economics.  Basic economic Principles applied in agricultural production and marketing. Efficient organisation of scarce resources and factors of agricultural production, discussions of principles and philosophies involved in Agricultural Economics.

 

AGR 201: General Agriculture (3 Units)

The distribution of agriculture: World population and food supply, history, scope and importance of agriculture to man. Agriculture and natural environment. Characteristic features of tropical agriculture and how they affect production.  Land use and tenure, trends in the production, distribution and utilisation of agricultural products, Measures of improving Nigerian agriculture, climatic, edaphic and social factors in relation to crop production and distribution in Nigeria, systems of crop farming, types, distribution and significance of farm animals; basic principles of animal farming.  Place of forestry, fish farming and wildlife in agriculture.

 

AGR 203: Principles of Crop Production (2 Units)

Crop production and its development,  The principles, problems and prospects of crop production, importance of crop rotation, cultural practices, water and soil conservation; irrigation and drainage, general types of characteristics of arthropods, microorganisms and other pests affecting crops.  Weeds and their effects on crop production, pests, disease and weed control.  Basic Mendelian genetics.   Principles of crop production, harvesting, processing and storage.

 

 

AGR 205: Introduction to Agro-Climatology (2 Units)

The principles, aims and scope of climatology, the elements and controls of climate and weather and dynamics of the earth’s atmosphere, radiation and heating of the atmospheric system; atmospheric moisture, the dynamics of pressure and wind systems, condensation and precipitation process, seasonal variations in temperature, daylight, radiation, rainfall and evapo-transpiration, equipment and maintenance of standard meteorological stations, the tropical climate; relation between agriculture and climate with reference to crops, livestock, irrigation, pests and diseases.

 

AGR 207: Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals (2 Units)

Parts of the beef and dairy cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits and poultry, fundamentals of cell biology, anatomy and physiology of the cell, cell types.  anatomy and physiology of animal tissues, nervous system, skeletal system, muscle, bone, circulatory system, reproductive, digestive, special senses and other systems of farm animals.  Physiological functions of animals – homeostatic, nutrition and digestion, respiration. Temperature regulation, excretion and reproduction, endocrinology, the blood and circulation, lactation, milk let down and egg production, water balance.

 

FRM 211: Forestry and wildlife Management (2 Units)

Renewable natural resources, availability, distribution and potential, the important forest trees and wildlife (with emphasis on Nigerian species) classification, morphology and distribution of important forest trees, forest and game reserves in Nigeria, silviculture, aforestation characteristics of major timber and their uses.   Felling and transportation.

 

SLM 201: Principles of Soil Science (2 Units)                                                                                

Soils, their origin and formation, physical properties of soils, Soil moisture, air and temperature, soil classification and survey, soil colloids; soil reactions, soil organic matter and soil organisms, soil and water conservation; nutrient requirements and mineral nutrition to plants, introduction to fertilizer.

 

SECOND SEMESTER

ARD 202:  Introduction to Rural Sociology (2 Units)

Meaning, importance, and basic concepts and principles of rural sociology, rural versus urban living culture, cultural values and cultural environment, settlement patterns and village organisation, factors which influence rural living conditions, types or rural economics, problems of developing rural economies, rural infrastructure, major rural social institutions – marriage and family, religion, politics, social theories and interactions, general strategies to rural development, role of communities, social aspects of production and marketing in the rural areas, communication and technological change in rural society.

 

ANP 202: Principles of Animal Production (2 Units)

History of animal agriculture, the role of livestock in the national economy. Livestock breeds and distribution in Nigeria. Management practices and systems including housing, feeding, breeding and reproduction, health and products processing, effects of climate and other factors on behaviour and handling of animals, Animal production as a business and its interface with other sectors of the national economy, the role of innovations in science and technology through research in the development of animal production.

Practical: Identification of different livestock species and breeds, housing and equipment, common livestock parasites and diseases, livestock products and by-products.                                                        

 

ANP 204: Introduction to Agricultural Biochemistry (3 Units)

Chemistry of living matter; cells, enzymes and intermediary metabolism, tissues and their chemicals. Hormones: classification, control and interactions. Use of natural and synthetic hormones in animal production. Chemistry and metabolism of carbohydrates: definition, classification, reactions of monosaccharide’s, tests of carbohydrates; Glycolysis, citric acid cycle, hexose monophosphate shunt, gluconeogenesis, glycogenesis, glycogenolysis. Chemistry, physical properties and metabolism of lipids: definition and classification; biosynthesis of saturated fatty acids (SFA) synthesis of acylglycerols, oxidation of FA, energy balance sheet from SFA oxidation. Chemistry and metabolism of proteins, enzymes and nucleic acids, Amino acid structure, properties and reactions, enzyme properties, functions and inhibition.

Practical:  Testing of carbohydrates, acidic hydrolysis of starch.  Tests for lipids – saturated and unsaturated, tests for proteins, proximate analysis of plant and animal products.

 

AGR 202: Introduction to Agricultural Engineering (2 Units)

Concepts and objectives of agricultural engineering, workshop tools; principles of internal engine. Study of farm machinery used for tillage, plough, cultivation, farm power and operating, principles, maintenance procedures of farm machinery.

 

CIT 204: Computer Appreciation and Application to Agriculture (2 Units)

History of computers, functional components of computer, characteristics of a computer, problem solving; flow charts, Algorithms, computer programming, statements;  Introduction to the use of EXCEL, SAS, SPSS, GENSTAT, Introduction to problem solving with the computer; Data entry and editing with the computer. Data analysis using different statistical packages.

 

AGR 206: Crop Anatomy Taxonomy and Physiology (2 Units)

Parts of the crop cell types.  Introduction to plant taxonomy, characteristics, distribution, economic importance and local examples of leguminosae, gramineae, compositae, Dioscoreacea, Rutaceae, development of cells and tissues; use of plant keys, cell biology, cell and cell types, comparative anatomy of major plant organs, enzymes, photosynthesis and translocation; pollination, respiration and energy utilisation; seed dormancy and germination, development; mineral nutrition, growth regulation.

 

FST 202: Principles of Food Science and Technology (3 Units)

Definition and scope of food science and technology, food distribution and marketing, food and its functions, food habits, food poisoning and its prevention, principles of food processing and preservation, discussion of different preservation methods, deterioration and spoilage of foods, other post-harvest changes in food, contamination of foods from natural source, composition and structures of Nigeria/West African food; factors contributing to texture, colour, aroma and flavour of food, cost; traditional and ethnic influences of food preparation and consumption pattern.

 

AFS 220: Introduction to Fisheries and Wildlife (2 Units)

The important fishes and wildlife of West Africa with emphasis on Nigeria species, classification, evolution, morphology and basic structure of fishes, the adaptation of fish to aquatic life, life cycle of principal species of fishes and wildlife industries in Nigeria, fundamental principles of fish and wildlife management and production.

 

ENT 204: Entrepreneurship and Change Management (2 Units)

This course exposes students to the need for organizational transformation required for value creation and competiveness in the changing world of business. Topics will cover new management challenges and poor corporate outlook in Nigeria; phase of change; resistance to change and overcoming or managing resistance to change.

 

 

 

300 LEVEL COURSES

 

FIRST SEMESTER

ANP 301: Introduction to Non-Ruminant Animal Production (2 Units)

Classification and importance of non-ruminant animals, anatomy and physiology of the digestive system of non-ruminants, production and distribution of non-ruminants in Nigeria. Terms used in non-ruminant animal production; characteristics of the local and exotic breeds of poultry, pigs and rabbits. Management practices involved in breeding, feeding, housing, disease control, handling, processing and marketing of poultry, pigs and rabbits.

Practical: Reports on visits to poultry, piggery and rabbit farms and hatcheries

 

ANP 303: Introduction to Animal Product Processing and Preservation (2 Units)

Classification of animal products and by-products, meat, eggs and milk industry in Nigeria, Animal growth and development, body composition, slaughter and conversion of muscle to meat, fresh meat properties, meat preservation, processing and storage, Egg formation and production, egg quality indices, egg processing and storage, Milk production, milk quality, sterilization, pasteurization and evaporation.

Practical: Reports on visits to meat, egg and milk collection, processing and packaging plants. Identification of fresh and processed products.

 

ANP 307: Elementary Topics in Animal Breeding   (2 Units)

Objectives and history of breeding, principles and problems in breeding animals for disease resistance, and increased productivity, fundamental principles of inheritance, sex determining mechanism. Variations: types, causes and measurements. Repeatability and heritability. Different types of gene actions; lethal and detrimental genes and their control. Quantitative and qualitative characters and their inheritance.

Practical: Collection and classification of indigenous ecotypes of chickens, Muscovy ducks, turkeys, guinea fowls, pigeons and pheasants. Calculation of frequency of major gene characteristics – naked neck, frizzle, dwarf, etc. Photo album of different breeds of cattle, sheep and goats, pigs, rabbits and snails in Nigeria.

 

AGR 305: Analytical Techniques for Animal Production I (2 Units)

Sources of errors and sampling procedures; statistical treatment of analytical data, chemical methods of analysis including volumetric, gravimetric, thermometric and electrochemical methods, optical methods of analysis; separation methods.

 

AGR 309: Agro Climatology and Biogeography (3 Units)

The principles, aims and scope of climatology and bio -geography, the elements and control of climate and weather and the dynamics of the earth’s atmosphere. radiation and heating of the atmospheric systems, atmospheric moisture, the dynamics of pressure and wind systems. Condensation and precipitation processes. Seasonal variations in temperature day length, radiation, rainfall and evapo-transpiration, equipment and maintenance of standard meteorological stations. The tropical climate; relation between agriculture and climate with reference to crops, livestock, irrigation, pest and disease. Climate change issues in agriculture and various methods of amelioration.

 

CRP 301: Arable Crop Production (2 Units)

Origin, distribution, soil and climatic requirements of cereals, legumes, oilseeds, tubers, fibre crops, root crops and other important annual crops in Nigeria, improved varieties of major annual crops, production practices, harvesting, processing, storage, utilisation and economic aspects of selected arable crops. Factors affecting yield, propagation methods and cultivation and improvement practices for selected arable crops.

 

 

 

CRP 303: Permanent Crop Production (2 Units)

Origin distribution soil climatic requirements of some important permanent crops such as cocoa, oil palm, rubber, coffee, coconut, mango, sugarcane, banana. Plantain, citrus, cola, cashew etc. Production practices, improvement, harvesting, utilisation, processing, storage and economic aspects of some selected perennial crops.

 

SLM 303: Introductions to Pedology and Soil Physics (2 Units)

Soils, its origin and formation, soil morphological characteristics, soil components, soil forming rocks and minerals, weathering of rocks and minerals, profile description, soil survey, soil mapping, soil classification, properties and management of Nigerian soil.

 

SECOND SEMESTER

ANP 302: Introduction to Ruminant Animal Production (2 Units)

Classification and importance of ruminant animals; anatomy and physiology of the digestive tract of ruminants, the Nigerian ruminant animal production and distribution. Terms used in ruminant production; characteristics of the local and exotic breeds of cattle, sheep and goats. Performance traits, reproduction and mating in cattle, sheep and goats. Establishment of ruminant production enterprises; building and equipment, health and general management practices; feeding and nutrition. Metabolic disease of ruminants.

Practical: Visit to cattle, sheep and goat farms and reports on the various management practices and disease control measures. Live animal handling and control. Animal marking and identification methods.

 

ANP 304: Forage and Fodder Crop Production (2 Units)

Adaptation and botany of indigenous and introduced forage plants.  Characteristics of topical grasses, legumes and shrubs.  Establishment, production and seed production of forage plants; the utilization and maintenance in permanent and temporary pastures.  Forage conservation, dry season feeds.

 

ANP 306: Physiology of Animal Reproduction and Growth (2 Units)

Anatomy and physiology of domestic animals with emphasis on digestion, reproduction, lactation and the nervous, muscular, skeletal and circulatory systems.  Endocrine system and its relationship with other systems of the body. Biosynthesis and regulation of hormonal secretions and the effects of abnormal hormonal secretions. Artificial insemination; sperm, ovum, estrus cycle, fertilization and pregnancy. Reproductive efficiency and problems.

Practical: Physical examination of bones, models of organs, laboratory and field specimens of different domestic animals. Anatomy of the reproductive tracts, estrus detection, semen collection and evaluation. Feed intake and body growth measurements and analysis of efficiency of growth.

 

ANP 308: Metabolism of Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic Acids  (2 Units)

Definition, classification and metabolism of carbohydrates. Reactions of monosaccharide, tests for carbohydrates. Glycolysis, citric acid cycle, hexose monophosphate shunt, gluconeogenesis, glycogenesis, glycogenolysis. Definitions, classification physical properties and metabolism of lipids. Biosynthesis of saturated fatty acids, synthesis of acylglycerols, oxidation of saturated fatty acids; energy balance sheet from SFA oxidation. Chemistry and metabolism of proteins, enzymes and nucleic acids. Amino acid structure, properties and reactions. Enzyme properties, functions and inhibitions.

 

ANP 310: Analytical Techniques for Animal Production II (2 Units)

Artificial insemination techniques in animal breeding. Digestibility trials (in vivo and in vitro). Biological assays involving PER, NPU, AD, ID and BV.  Separation and characterisation of components involving the use of chromatography, electrophoresis, radio-isotopy, manometry, colorimetry, spectrometry. Determination, preparation and purification of enzymes.

 

ANP 312: Introductory Genetics and Breeding (2 Units)

The cell, mitosis, meiosis, spermatogenesis and oogenesis. Mendelian laws of segregation and independent assortment. Genetic ratios, linkage and crossing over. Chromosomal aberrations. Gene structure: deoxyribonucleic acid, ribonucleic acid, gene replication and gene-mutations. Protein synthesis. Genetic properties of populations, gene frequencies, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, factors affecting gene frequency changes. Quantitative and qualitative characters and their inheritance.

 

ANP 314:  Environment and Animal Production (2 Units)

Concept of the environment; components of the environment, climate change and the environment; environmental degradation and its consequences; effect of climate factors on farm animals (survival, performance, and productivity); special topics will include global warming, greenhouse gas emission, pollution, erosion, desertification, stratospheric ozone, environment control; physiological factors contributing to heat load in farm animal; global view on the environment.

 

AGM 314: Introduction to Farm Mechanisation (2 Units)

Aims and objectives of agricultural mechanisation. Basic mechanics, workshop tools. Principles of internal combustion engines and electric motors. Study of farm machinery use for tillage: ploughs, harrows cultivators, farm power transmission system. Harvesting and processing equipment (sprayers and dusters). Equipment for livestock (automatic feed conveyors, automatic drinkers for poultry, feed and watering equipment, milking and milk handling, surveying instrument use on the farm. Operating principles, selection and maintenance procedures of farm machinery. Farm Machinery costing and records. Workshop and building materials use on the farm.

 

AGR 302: Agricultural Statistics and Data Processing (2 Units)

Basic concept of statistics. Frequency distribution, measures of location, measures of variation. Probability distribution, normal and binomial distribution. Histograms, means, mode and  median, sampling, data collection, data processing techniques, statistics reference, test of significance, F –test, T-test chi square, anova analysis of variance, and analysis of co- variance, correlation and regression analysis, goodness of fit, research objectives, research design, field experimentation, collection and processing of data.

 

ENT 310: Cultural Change and Entrepreneurship (2 Units)

This course will identify and discuss how changes in the experience of people, entity or society impact on their entrepreneurial orientation. The course is designed to enable students appreciate their culture and learn from other cultures. Reference will be made to particular experiences that have affected entrepreneurial practices of groups in the Nigeria Society.

 

 

400 LEVEL SIWES  (FARM PRACTICAL YEAR)

 

ANP401:         Animal Husbandry Techniques    Ruminant

 

Enterprises of importance:

Fattening of sheep and goat, production and multiplication of improved breed, Rearing of cattle/breeding  and fattening. Pasture production and management.

Techniques:   Estimation of age using dentition and horn; determination of weight without scale; Castration methods – burdizzo, surgical, elastration methods; Animal/Stock identification methods- tagging, branding, notching etc; Animal handling and restraining methods; Artificial insemination techniques -  insemination equipments, semen collection, insemination techniques; Design of teaser dummy; Oestrus detection gadgets/methods, oestrus synchronization ; Milking utensils and milking methods; Deworming /drenching, hoof trimming, dehorning/disbudding and range fencing. Description of condition for body score of cattle, sheep and goats.  Forage conservation and grazing management. Silage making

 

ANP403:         Animal Husbandry Techniques Non-Ruminant

 

Enterprises of importance:

Production of table and hatchable eggs, Rearing of broiler chickens (or poultry species), Production / multiplication of pigs, Fattening of pigs  and production of micro-livestock (rabbits, grass cutters and snails)

Techniques:   Identification of  breeds of poultry, pigs and rabbits. Handling and restraining poultry, pigs and how to carry rabbits. Pig handling tips- use pf voice, touch and food; Restraining pigs for oral treatments, handling young pigs for inspection, handling for lifting/picking up pigs, managing stress during handling of pigs.Management of ecto parasites in poultry and pigs; Control of vice- habits   i.e de-beaking, de-spuring and de-clawing. Rearing and management skills of  day-old chicks, broilers, layers, cockerels and turkeys. Techniques for enhancing performance. Rodent control; poultry and pih house hygiene. Vaccinations and medications in poultry and pig rearing.  Identification of feedstuffs used in feeding poultry and pigs. Feed formulation and feed milling. Disease control.

 

CRP401:         Crop Production Practices (Arable and Horticultural Crops)

Enterprises of importance:

Grain legume crops production; cereal crops production; roots and tuber crops production; vegetable crop production; ornamental crop/landscaping .

Techniques: Site selection, land clearing and preparation techniques, crop selection; Crop establishment; fertilizer application; Weed /Pest/Disease management; Calibration of sprayers; Harvesting; Crop/ Seed production; Cleaning, sorting and grading; Drying of produce; Methods of threshing and shelling;  identification and selection of  vegetable and ornamental seeds/cultivar; Nursery management skills, cultural practices (irrigation and weeding)

 

CRP403:         Crop Protection Techniques

Enterprise of importance:

Production of  bio-pesticides and botanicals.  Fumigation

Techniques: Seed dressing techniques, farm and farm tool sanitation; types of calibration sprayers; operation of sprayers; Pesticide dosage calculation and application; Safety precautions and demonstration of first aid in pesticide poisoning; identification of signs of insect pest management and symptoms of diseases; Determination of disease incidence and severity; Disease album preparation.

 

CRP405: Agricultural Processing and Storage

Enterprise of importance:

 Meat processing enterprise; Post harvest processing

Techniques: Animal products, processing and storage management-  Meat processing : sausage, burger, smoking. Milk handling, processing into yoghurt, cheese, ghee, butter. Slaughtering methods, retail cuts of meats. Determination of egg quality; storage of egg; Production of egg powder.

Crop produce handling, sorting and grading. Storage methods/ structures and conditions; Packing and storage; Post harvest deterioration of produce; treatment against storage pest and diseases.

 

SLM401: Soil Fertility and Water Management

Enterprise of importance:

Compost production

Techniques: Identification of mineral deficiency symptoms; Familiarization with common organic and inorganic fertilizers and methods of application; Production of compost;  Soil sampling methods and preparation; Soil water conservation techniques; Erosion control methods

 

SLM403:         Farm Design Survey and Land Use Planning

Techniques: Identification of farm survey equipments and their uses; Common procedure for surveys; mapping of plots; Soil profile description and classification; soil productivity evaluation techniques; Land use planning.

 

AEC401:         Farm Management Records and Accounts

Techniques: Farm record keeping: Concept of book keeping; Financial statements; Financial ratios; Farm planning; Farm budgeting; Farm labour management; Feasibility studies preparation; and report preparation.  Practical field works: Farm survey; broadsheet preparation and data encoding; farm business analyses and assessment.  Practical collaborative training: Personnel from established farms; Formal lending institution and financial would be invited to give professional talks on setting up and operating farm business, utilizing loan.

 

ARD401:         Extension Practices

Extension trips to rural communities/villages; Extension trips to electronic, print and media houses; Training on radio and television production/broadcast; Video and audio recording/auditioning; Video and documentary production, production of extension guide (magazine, handbill leaflets, posters etc.) script writing and drama presentation/production; Training on web development, graphic design/artwork/painting; Interaction with state extension agencies.

 

AGM401:        Farm Mechanization Practices

Concept of agricultural mechanization; Need for mechanization, basic roles of farm mechanization; Various areas of mechanization; Farm machinery operation and maintenance; Tractor and tractor components; Tractor driving and operation; Sheet metal to produce simple farm tools and equipment such as feeding trough, livestock cage, etc.,; Simple machine for cleaning and sorting, refrigerator, packaging and crop storage; Construction of battery cages, rabbit cages, cribs, carrying crates and feeders.

 

SLM405:         Agricultural Meteorology

Agricultural Meteorological Elements and their observation (the physical climate elements such as temperature, sunshine and radiation, wind, clods, humidity, rainfall, soil temperature and soil moisture and other hydrometeors including dews, fog, open water evaporation, plant transpiration etc.); Biological/agricultural elements (including plants, animals, trees, both as individuals and as communities); Introductory concept of crop phenolpogy and climate effect on the objects of agriculture in general); Simple layout of agro metrological station and required weather instruments, procedures of data collection, and simple processing, analysis and mapping of agro metrological information.

 

 

ANP407:         Animal Health Management

Techniques Livestock hygiene and sanitary measures on livestock, farms, disease diagnosis, treatment and general drug administration techniques, vaccination programme for different classes of livestock and other preventive measures for various livestock diseases; Ante-mortem and post mortem inspection animals of slaughter houses.

 

AGR403 Biotechnology in Agricultural Production

The concept of Agricultural Biotechnology; Conventional Biotechnology. Modern Biotechnology, Tools of Biotechnology Micropropagation, Mutation, Constraint on crop production and the circumventing impact of Production of  biotechnology; Pest Resistant varieties, Improvement of Crop Yields, Nitrogen Fixation, Nutritional Quality and Chemical Composition, Biofertilizers; Conventional Control of Fungal Pathogens, Bacterial pathogens, biosafety measures, Insect and Nematodes resistance, GM Control of Pest, Molecular Markers: RFLP (or Restriction fragment length polymorphism), AFLP (or Amplified fragment length polymorphism), RAPD (or Random amplification of polymorphic DNA), VNTR (or Variable number tandem repeat), Microsatellite polymorphism, SNP (or Single nucleotide polymorphism), STR (or Short tandem repeat)

 

AFS401:          Fisheries: Fish Biology: Fish dissection to reveal the internal anatomical features of fish in the three living groups of fishes (cyclostomes, chondrichthyes and the osteichthyes. Demonstration of respiration, circulation or skeletal system in fish using plastic models. Ichthyology: Application of existing fish identification keys in identifying named freshwater and marine species. Morphometric and meristic analysis of fish. Preparation of different stock solution of formaldehyde for the preservation of different specimens (whole, fish, tissues, organs).  Fish composition survey of a nearby river; Limnology: Laboratory and field determination of physical (Temp, turbidity, current, light etc) and chemical (PH, DO, Co2, Nitrite, Nitrate, ammonia BOD etc) properties of fresh water as well as biological factors (primary productivity, energy flow, plankton sampling/analysis. Fisheries Ecology: A visit to a near by river and the application of different sampling techniques in the different ecosystem (e.g. plankton net in open water, qualitative and quantitative analysis of plankton) sediment sampling in the bottom and analysis of organisms, in fast- flowing versus slow or static water habitants, relationship between D.O. and temperature using forested wetland and river through barren land. Assessment of fish biomass; Aquatic Flora and Fauna : Field identification of the different aquatic flora (emergence and sub-mergence weeds, by names/botanical classification. Identification of the different aquatic fauna in a typical fresh water ecosystem (invertebrates, vertebrates, benthos), a practical note on the economic importance of each. Fish Farming Technique and Hatchery Management : Demonstration of induced breeding of fish (Clarias or Heterobranchus) using crude pituitary extract (CPE) or synthetic hormone (Ovaprim).  Fish Nutrition: Proximate analysis of fish feed/ingredients, determination of calorific value of fish feed (bomb calorimetry), feed formation (pearson’s method etc), determination of food metabolism/utilization in fish. Fishing Gear Technology:Determination of hanging ratio of nets, buoyancy and sinking.  Visit to fishing net market and identification of netting, twines, netting bundles, specifications and designations. Transformation of net designs to fishing nets from a given netting bundle.  A visit to a boat yard and identification of materials for boat building, parts of the boat and engines employed (students to demonstrated boat propulsion with outboards).  Excursion to riverine States/fishing companies and observation of the application of marine fishing gear (gillnets, longlines, trawlnets, boat seines etc.) Fish Parasites and Diseases     Microscopic inspection of smear preparations (e.g. slime or wound) and identification of associated pathogenic organism (bacteria, fungus, protozoa).  Seining the pond to identify diseased fish.Dissection of gut of fish and extracting the endo-parasites as well as identifying them.  How to prepare treatment “ dips”, “baths” for the treatment of fungal diseases.  Calculation of oral drugs (food additives /antibiotics) against bacteria diseases. Oceanography : Visit to maritime environment, oceanography institutions, boat yards and fishing terminals in maritime states and exposure to the sea voyage, marine organisms, tidal rhythms, wave and oceanic vessels.  Identification of instrument for oceanic data (current metre, echo sounder, sediment samplers, under – water cameras, etc). Ornamental Fisheries and Aquaria Design: Identification of implements utilized in the construction of an aquarium, Demonstration of the step – by – step construction of an aquarium, Identification of different kinds of aquarium (ornamented) fishes, Demonstration of installation of the ornamented fish, ornamented plants, the aerator, the filter and the lighting

                              

Workshop Practices

Set up a typical workshop with different layout; Safety regulations in the workshop; Carpentry tools, materials, types of wood and their characteristics and Processes OR operations in wood working; Preparation of simple joints: Cross half Lap joint and T-Halving joint, Dovetail joint, Mortise and tenor joint; Jobs on Bending, shaping, Drawing, Punching, Riveting; Introduction to tools and measuring instruments for '/ fitting; Jobs on sawing, filing and right-angle fitting of MS Flat; Practical in more complex fitting job;  Operations of drilling" reaming, and threading with tap and dies; Practical test; Introduction to tools and operations in sheet metal work; Making different types of sheet metal joints using G.I. sheets. Jobs on welding, different types of joints

Report Writing (Book form)

Trainee proficiency will be based on hands-on practical experience in all the 16 enterprises. Report on attendance at each enterprise also forms a component of the final grading. Written report that covers all activities should be presented in bound form with original signed Farm Report Cover. Assessment reports are to be completed by the supervisor for each enterprise and returned back to the university by host farm or institution before attainment can be credited.

 

Each student will write a report on each of these areas that will be evaluated.

 

 

500 LEVEL COURSES

 

FIRST SEMESTER

ANP 501:  Poultry Production (2 Units)

Poultry industry in Nigeria. Biology and morphology of domestic chicken; physiology of egg production; egg formation process; hormonal effect on male and female reproductive organs; egg incubation and hatchery management; care of day-old chicks, growers and laying hens. Nutrition of starters, growers and layers. Broiler production; rational formulation, nutrition and feeding. Products marketing and processing. Poultry buildings and equipment. Poultry production systems. Rural family poultry production. Production of other poultry species: Muscovites, ducks, guinea fowls, turkey, geese, quail and ostrich.

 

ANP 503: Swine and Rabbit Production (2 Units)

Importance of swine- raising in the tropics.  Breeds, breeding and selection.  Feeding and nutrition, routine management and health care; buildings and equipment; processing of pig products.  Records and monitoring. Characteristics of rabbits, breeds and breeding, housing, feeds and feeding. Record- keeping, processing and handling of rabbit products.

 

ANP 505:Monogastric Nutrition (2 Units)

The chemical composition of the animal body. Feedstuffs, feeding standards and their inadequacies. Feed preparation and its importance.  Proximate analysis and ration formulation. Carbohydrates, lipids and protein metabolism and their requirements in the body for maintenance, growth, and reproduction. Energy, protein, mineral and vitamin metabolism and their interrelationship in nutrition. Factors affecting such requirements and interrelationships. Feed additives, antibiotics, anti-oxidants, colouring and flavouring agents, growth promoters and final product quality. Nutritional disorders.

 

ANP 507: Animal Breeding and Livestock Improvement (2 Units)

Production traits, their measurement and evaluation, selection for breeding for improvement of livestock performance. Breeding systems and selection methods. Performance testing, progeny testing. Identifying and incorporating genetic markers and major genes in animal breeding programmes.  DNA tests and segregation analysis for genetic disorders. Determining associations between genetic markers and quantitative test loci (QTL).

 

ANP 509: Ruminant Animal Production (2 Units)

World demand and supply of products of beef, dairy, sheep and goats. The Nigerian beef and dairy industries. Beef production systems and types of cattle.  Performance traits of beef and dairy cattle, characteristics of local and exotic breeds of beef and dairy cattle.  Establishment of beef and dairy production: buildings and equipment, management practices, reproduction and mating, breeding and selection. Slaughter methods, meat hygiene, carcass quality.  Milk collection, holding and sale.  Breeds of sheep and goats; production systems, feeding, breeding, selection. Common diseases of sheep and goats, their prevention and treatment. Modern improvement methods, biotechnology, innovations in rearing and management practices.

 

ANP 511: Animal Production Resources (2 Units)

Classification of foods, feeding stuffs and feed supplements; chemistry and nutritive values of succulent feeding stuffs, concentrate feeds, cereals, legumes and oil seeds. Chemistry and nutritive values of some Nigerian grasses and legume species. Storage and quality control of feeding stuff and feeds

 

ANP 513: Animal Production Research Techniques (2 Units)         

The design of animal production research experiments in the different fields of animal science. Artificial insemination techniques in animal breeding; digestibility trials (in vivo and in vitro), biological assays involving PER, NPU, AD, ID and BV, separation and characterisation of components involving the use of chromatography, electrophoresis, radioscopy, calorimetry, spectrometry.

 

AGR 501:  Statistics and Research Methods (3 Units)

Defining a research problem; developing hypotheses and objectives; principles of research design; questionnaire preparation and collection of data; measurement and data collection; statistical theory; different statistical methods for handling data; presentation of research finding in narrative tabular and graphical forms.

 

AGR 515: Techniques of Scientific Writing and Presentations (1 Unit)

Techniques of scientific writing and seminar presentations for agricultural students.

 

ARD 509: Agricultural Business Management and Finance (3 Units)

The scope of agricultural business and management; types of agricultural business management and organisation: enterprise selection, production planning: public policies affecting agric. business: farm growth, organisation of large scale farms. Legal organisation and tax strategies, economics of agricultural processing, marketing management. Principles of agricultural finance: principles of farm credit; capital needs of agricultural industries; sources of loans; funds and collateral security for loans; credit agencies and government credit policy and approaches to efficient credit management. Farm accounting inventory balance sheet and cash book and cash book analysis

 

SECOND SEMESTER

ANP 502: Ruminant Nutrition (2 Units)

Microbiology of the rumen, physiology of rumen action, metabolic processes and pathways, non-protein nitrogen utilisation. Determination of digestive coefficients, balance trials, systems of energy evaluation, scheme of protein values, water in relation to nutrition and water metabolism, requirements and their interrelationship in nutrition; feed additives, proximate analysis, ration formulation, nutritional disorders.

 

ANP 504: Biotechnology in Animal Production (2 Units)

Definition of biotechnology / recombinant DNA technology / genetic engineering. Tools: cloning, marker-assisted selection, QTL mapping, physical and genetic mapping, transgenes, transgenesis, gene banks, gene sequencing, DNA fingerprinting, bio-informatics.  Application of biotechnology in animal and feed production, nutrition, reproduction, genetics and breeding, disease and metabolic control, pollution abatement and environmental management. Use of DNA tests for meat quality genotype identification, paternity testing, disease diagnostics. Conservation of animal genetic resources, ex situ and in situ.

 

ANP 506: Animal Health and Diseases (2 Units)

Bacterial and viral infections of livestock in Nigeria, their prevention and control. Infections and immunity, wounds and wound infections. Helminth and protozoan parasites of domestic livestock; their classification, diagnosis, epidemiology, prevention, treatment and control, their impact on the livestock industry in Nigeria. External parasites and disease they transmit; their control in ruminants. Plant poisoning, diseases and their prevention. Use of medicaments and routine vaccination of livestock. Zoonotic diseases and their public health importance. Ethno- veterinary practices.

 

ANP 508: Feed Formulation (2 Units)

Classification of feeds, feedstuffs and supplements based on their chemical composition. Storage and quality control of feeding stuffs and feeds. Methods used in ration formulation for various classes of farm animals. Economic factors in ration formulation. Principles of commercial feed production and the problem of feedstuffs availability. Anti-nutritional factors in livestock feedstuffs and compounded feeds. Advantages and disadvantages of compounded feeds.  Feed milling in Nigeria, types of machines, raw materials handling, the milling process, handling storage and delivery of finished products. Legislation and quality control for commercial feed formulations. Feed formulation on-farm.

 

ANP 510: Livestock Economics (2 Units)

The place of livestock in the Nigerian economy, consumer and consumption pattern of livestock product, micro and macro-economics in animal production, agricultural production functions including data collection and analysis, marketing theory in relation to livestock production, application of economic theory and quantitative analysis.  Capital investment and depreciation of capital; the economics of egg, meat and milk production.  Livestock feed economics, input/return relationship in livestock production.

 

 

ANP 512: Pasture and Range Management (2 Units)

Common terminologies in pasture and range science, range versus pasture, morphology of grasses, legumes and shrubs. Vegetation zones; adaptation and botany of indigenous and introduced plants. Establishment of pasture plan.  Maintenance and utilisation of pastures, fertilizer in pasture production, forage yield determination, forage conservation – hay, silage, haylage. Range management, harvesting frequencies, nutritive value of pasture crops. Systems of grazing management, determination of stocking rate.

 

ANP 514:  Seminar (1 Unit)

Students will present seminar

 

ANP599: Project in Animal Science (4 Units)

Execution of a special research project under a supervisor. Data assembly, cleaning, statistical analysis and summary in tables and graphs as well as writing of results and discussion, presentation and defense of the project report will be graded.